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A P P E N D I X Table 3. Numbers and Percentage of Minorities by Race and Job Category, 1998 Blacks Hispanics Asians Native Americans No. % No. % No. % No. % Supervisors 551 19 348 18 178 15 63 25 Copy/Layout Editors 481 16 320 17 240 20 43 17 Reporters 1,651 56 900 48 537 46 113 44 Photographers 263 9 321 17 223 19 37 14 Totals 2,946 1,889 1,178 256 From the Radio-Television News Directors Association/Ball State University Women and Minorities Survey. (© Communicator, October 1998. Reprinted by permission.) Table 4. Numbers and Percentages of Whites and Minorities by Job Category, 1998 Minorities Whites Work Force Total No. % No. % Supervisors 12,724 1,140 9.0 11,584 91.0 Copy/layout editors 10,656 1,083 10.2 9,572 89.8 Reporters 25,551 3,202 12.5 22,349 87.5 Photographers 5,790 844 14.6 4,946 85.4 Totals 54,721 6,269 48,451| 221 | Table 1. Broadcast News Workforce Race Television Radio Caucasian 80% 84% African American 10% 9% Hispanic/Latino 6% 5% Asian American 3% 2% Native American 1% >1% Overall, minorities in television news slid from 21 percent in the 1998 year’s survey to 20 percent in 1999. Minorities in radio news rose by 4 percent from 1998, with African Americans and Hispanic/ Latinos each picking up 2 percent from the year before . Asian Americans rose slightly, and Native Americans slipped slightly. Table 2. Broadcast News Directors Race Television Radio Caucasian 90% 89% African American 3% 7% Hispanic/Latino 5% 1% Asian American 1% 1% Native American 1% 2% Minority news directors rose by 2 percent in television and 3 percent in radio news compared to 1997. In both cases, almost all of the gain went to African Americans (up to 2 percent in television and 3 percent in radio). In radio, Hispanic/Latinos slid slightly from 2 percent to 1 percent while Native Americans rose from 1 percent to 2 percent. Table 5. Minority Employment in Daily Newspapers: Projections Based on Responses to Annual Employment Census (numbers rounded) Total Minorities % Minorities Year Workforce in Workforce in Workforce 1978 43,000 1,700 3.95 1989 45,000 1,900 4.22 1980 47,000 2,300 4.89 1981 45,500 2,400 5.27 1982 49,000 2,700 5.51 1983 50,000 2,800 5.60 1984 50,400 2,900 5.75 1985 53,800 3,100 5.76 1986 54,000 3,400 6.30 1987 54,700 3,600 6.56 1988 55,300 3,900 7.02 1989 56,200 4,200 7.54 1990 56,900 4,500 7.86 1991 55,700 4,900 8.72 1992 54,500 5,100 9.39 1993 53,600 5,500 10.25 1994 53,700 5,600 10.49 1995 53,800 5,900 10.91 1996 55,000 6,100 11.02 1997 54,000 6,100 11.35 1998 54,700 6,300 11.46 1999 55,100 6,400 11.55 • Racial/ethnic groups: In 1999 there were 2,946 black journalists (5.38 percent of the newsroom work force); 1,889 Hispanic journalists (3.45 percent); 1,178 Asian journalists (2.15 percent), and 256 Native American journalists (0.47 percent). • More dailies have integrated newsrooms today than in 1978. In 1999, 58 percent of newspapers employed minority newsroom professionals, compared to one-third in 1978. • The proportion of minorities working in all job categories in the newsroom has grown significantly in the past two decades. In 1999, 9 percent of newsroom supervisors were minorities, compared to only 1 percent in 1978. The representation of minority reporters and writers has doubled to 12.5 percent, from 6 percent in 1978. Minority copy and layout editors represented 10.2 percent of the newsroom in 1999, compared to 3 percent in 1978. The proportion of minority photographers and graphic artists has almost tripled, from 5 percent in 1978 to 14.6 percent. Appendix| 222 | Table 6. Regional Comparison of Minority Newsroom Employment, 1999 Region Minority White Total Minority % East North Central 791 8,391 9,182 8.61 Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin East South Central 272 2,302 2,575 10.58 Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee Middle Atlantic 1,040 8,174 9,215 11.29 New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania Mountain 359 3,027 3...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780814759134
Related ISBN
9780814757994
MARC Record
OCLC
55638550
Pages
284
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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