Endnotes
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133 Endnotes Introduction 1 Sunset Song, dir. by Terence Davies (Hurricane Films, c. 2015). 2. 100 Best Scottish Books of All Time, ed. by Willy Maley and Brian Donaldson (Edinburgh: The List, 2005). 3. David Craig, Scottish Literature and the Scottish People 1680–1830 (London: Chatto & Windus, 1961), p. 291. 4. Ibid., p. 292. 5. Ibid. 6. George Blake, Barrie and the Kailyard School (London: Arthur Barker, 1951), pp. 8, 11, 76. 7. Laurie Lee, Cider with Rosie (London: Vintage, 2002), p. 216. 8. Ibid., pp. 104–5. 9. Tariq Ali, ‘The Independence Lectures’, Radical Independence Campaign, 16 March 2014 www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEIcHhV46jY [accessed 12 February 2015]. 10. Gerard Carruthers, Scottish Literature (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009), p. 66. 11. Letter of 21 January 1933 from James Leslie Mitchell to C. M. Grieve; reprinted in Dear Grieve: Letters to Hugh MacDiarmid (C. M. Grieve), ed. by John Manson (Kilkerran: Kennedy & Boyd, 2011), p. 68. 12. Margery Palmer McCulloch, Scottish Modernism and its Contexts 1918–1959: Literature, National Identity and Cultural Exchange (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009), pp. 131–53. 13. Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Sunset Song, in A Scots Quair (Edinburgh: Canongate, 1995), p. 32. 14. H. G. Wells, in The Correspondence of H. G. Wells: Volume 4: 1935–1946, ed. by David C. Smith (London: Pickering and Chatto, 1998), p. 210. 15. G. Elliot Smith, The Diffusion of Culture (Port Washington, N.Y. and London: Kennikat Press, 1971), p. 214. 134 16. Ibid., pp. 214, 215. 17. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract, trans. by Maurice Cranston (London: Penguin, 1968), p. 49. 18. Thomas Linehan, Modernism and British Socialism (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), p. 59. 19. Ibid. 1: Lewis Grassic Gibbon and Modernism 1. J. Leslie Mitchell, Stained Radiance: A Fictionist’s Prelude (Edinburgh: Polygon, 1993), p. 58. 2. In the present chapter J. Leslie Mitchell will be referred to by his more famous penname, Lewis Grassic Gibbon. 3. An influential theoretical treatment of the nature of historical time can be found in Erwin Panofsky, ‘Reflections on Historical Time’, trans. by Johanna Bauman, Critical Inquiry 30.4 (2004), pp. 691−701, which was first published in 1927. 4. Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Sunset Song, in A Scots Quair (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986), p. 15; Lewis Grassic Gibbon, The Speak of the Mearns, in The Speak of the Mearns: with selected short stories and essays, intro. by Ian Campbell and Jeremy Idle (Edinburgh: Polygon, 2007), p. 19. 5. Ian S. Munro, Leslie Mitchell: Lewis Grassic Gibbon (Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1966), p. 14. 6. Letters are held in the manuscript collection of the National Library of Scotland, MSS 26036−26103. 7. Jeremy Idle, ‘Lewis Grassic Gibbon and the Urgency of the Modern’, Studies in Scottish Literature 31.1 (1999), pp. 258−68 (p. 258). 8. Oswald Spengler, The Decline of the West: Volume 1, Form and Actuality, trans. by Charles Francis Atkinson (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1926 [1918]). 9. Georges Sorel, Le Procès de Socrate: examen critique des thèses Socratiques (Paris: Librairie Félix Alcan, 1889). 10. Alice Burley, ‘Literary Diffusionism in the Age of Modernism, 1911−1937’ (unpublished doctoral dissertation, Queen Mary University of London, 2012); T. S. Eliot, ‘Review of The Growth of Civilisations and The Origin of Magic and Religion by W. J. Perry’, The Criterion II.8 (1924). 11. W. B. Yeats, Note to ‘The Second Coming’, in Michael Robartes and the Dancer (Dundrum: Cuala Press, 1921), p. 32. 12. Review of W. B. Yeats, A Vision, in New English Weekly, 20 January 1938, pp. 291−92. It is clearly assumed by the reviewer that Flinders endnotes 135 endnotes Petrie’s texts, such as The Revolutions of Civilisation (London: Harper and Brothers, 1911) and his broader contributions to Diffusionist thought will be known to the reader. 13. Lewis Grassic Gibbon, ‘The Antique Scene’, in Lewis Grassic Gibbon and Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish Scene, or The Intelligent Man’s Guide to Albyn (London: Hutchinson, c.1940), p. 20. 14. Ibid. 15. Gibbon, Sunset Song, p. 191. 16. Ibid. 17. Ibid., p. 193. 18. Ibid. 19. See Scott Lyall, Hugh MacDiarmid’s Poetry and Politics of Place: Imagining a Scottish Republic (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006), pp. 116−50. 20. Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Grey Granite, in A Scots Quair (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986), p. 496. 21. Ibid., p. 459. 22. Ibid., p. 414. 23. James Joyce, Dubliners (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992), p. 225. 24. Gibbon, Grey Granite, p. 496. 25. Aaron Jaffe, ‘Publication, Patronage, Censorship: Literary Production and the Fortunes of...


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