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141 When the editors of this volume requested a contribution from me, my initial response was to refuse. After all, why speak ill of the dead? But they convinced me that as the first of Walter Taylor’s students to complete a doctorate under his guidance, my memories of that time and our relationship would be of interest. Although our relationship can only charitably be characterized as rocky, I finally acceded to their request. Colleagues of that era, Drs. Gabriel DeCicco, Mathew Hill, Robert J. Salzer, and Phil C.Weigand, will not be surprised that my late wife, Miriam—surely one of the gentle and gracious women of her time—was greatly relieved to learn that Dr. Taylor would not attend the ceremony at which my doctorate was awarded.“Good,” she said,“I was wondering how I could hide the shotgun I’d use to assassinate him once you’d received your degree.” This essay is titled with the name of the dittoed broadsheet established by HoracioCalleduringthe1961–1962academicyearatSouthernIllinoisUniversity. Yanaconas published graduate student essays on anthropological subjects with the intent of impressing the faculty with the budding professionalism of those who dreamed of anthropological careers. Calle was from Columbia, where the Spanish term yanaconas is used to identify Indian“bondsmen.”In colonial times, enslavement of Native Americans was technically illegal, but a yanacona could be Yanaconas Chapter eight James Schoenwetter James Schoenwetter 142 assigned to work out his lifetime bond as a virtual slave. The title expressed what we students recognized as Walter Taylor’s assessment of our professional status and academic ambitions. Publication was abandoned after three issues, however, as it quickly became clear the effort had no impact on Taylor or other faculty. When I enrolled at Southern Illinois University, I had already invested four years in a self-designed program to fulfill my ambition to be the first professional archaeologist to apply the methods and techniques of pollen analysis to archaeological research. By that point I had developed expertise as a palynologist and had begun studies of the pollen from archaeological sites (Martin and Schoenwetter 1960; Schoenwetter 1960), and I believed the next step should be to develop a solid understanding of archaeological method and theory and a sophisticated appreciation of the history and character of anthropology. My mentor, Paul Stanley Martin of the Field Museum, advised me that Walter Taylor was the foremost expert on such matters and suggested that I study under his supervision and work under his direction. I soon found that there would be little opportunity to fulfill either goal. When I arrived at the Department of Anthropology two weeks before the beginning of the 1960 fall quarter, Taylor found time only for a short interview. He informed me that if I planned to obtain my doctorate in anthropology I would be required to take all of the classroom credit hours for both the master’s and doctoral degrees because he considered that the M.S. I held in botany was valueless and that the graduate coursework I had completed in anthropology during my undergraduate years at the University of Chicago was irrelevant. He also made it clear that he had neither the time nor the intention to supervise students closely, so I should not expect to interact with him more than once every month or two during the half of the academic year he was at Carbondale. He expressed relief at learning that I was married. He could now direct incoming graduate students to my wife and me and would not be expected to socialize with them. He obviously wished me to feel uncomfortable, preferably awed, in his presence . Perhaps he wished only to clarify the status differences between us, but I sometimes wondered if it was not his way of belying the fact that his round face, pudgy body, and balding pate gave him the appearance of an easygoing uncle. He certainly did not see himself that way. He aspired to be recognized as a“man’s man” whose gruffness, machismo, and interests in athletics and blood sports could be valued as much as his intellect. He did not restrict browbeating to students.A couple of months after classes began, I was in the main office of the department when a near explosion of temper erupted from his office as Dr. Charles Kaut, then an assistant professor of ethnology, exited. Kaut half turned as he left the room and shouted back that he most certainly would not agree to settle their differences...


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