restricted access A Rejection of the Talkies (USA, 1931)

Charlie Chaplin’s statement on sound is a defense of silent cinema as a universal language. Much like the avant-garde filmmakers of the time, and philosophers such as Rudolf Arnheim, who published Film als Kunst (Film as Art) a year later, Chaplin argued that simply adding sound to motion pictures takes away from their specificity and their ability to communicate across languages and, indeed, nations.