restricted access A Statement on Sound (USSR, 1928)

Eisenstein, Pudovkin, and Alexandrov argue for sound to be used in the cinema in such a way that it does not simply illustrate the images on the screen and that the use of sound to provide an added level of naturalism to the screen will destroy the principles of montage and the specificity of cinema itself. As such, they argue for the use of nonsynchronized, contrapuntal sound to develop the sonic aspect of the cinema along the same lines of those the Soviets developed for montage.