restricted access Four Cardinal Points of A Revolução de Maio (Portugal, 1937)

This manifesto by director António Lopes Ribeiro reflects the “Estado Novo,” or New State, philosophy of Portuguese dictator António de Oliveira Salazar, who came to power in 1927. Lopes Ribeiro was consciously producing propaganda for Salazar and looked to Eisenstein’s Potemkin (USSR, 1925) as a model. A Revolução de Maio is one of the few films that could be called “Estado Novo” cinema, celebrating as it does the tenth anniversary of the Salazar regime. The final line of the manifesto demonstrates a self-reflexivity that is often lacking in the work of propagandists.