restricted access Documentary Filmmakers Make Their Case (Poland, 1971)

This previously untranslated documentary manifesto, issued at the Krakow Film Festival of Short Films in 1971 by Kosin´ski, Kies´lowski, and Zygadło—going under the name “the Krakow Group”—was the first manifestation of a new form of politically and socially engaged Polish documentary to emerge post ’68. The manifesto and the ideals behind it in no small part sowed the seeds of the “cinema of moral anxiety,” which gained prominence with films made by Kies´lowski, Krzysztof Zanussi, Agnieszka Holland, and Andrzej Wajda between 1975 and 1981. Kies´lowski became one of Poland’s most important filmmakers, with works such as the banned documentary Workers ’71 (codirected by Zygadło, Poland, 1971) and the features Camera Buff (Amator, Poland, 1975), which was a central “cinema of moral anxiety” work, Blind Chance (Przypadek, Poland, 1981), The Decalogue (Dekalog, Poland, 1989), and The Three Colors trilogy (France, 1993–1994).