restricted access Nowsreel, or the Potentialities of a Political Cinema (USA, 1970)

This statement by Newsreel fi lmmaker Robert Kramer argues that truly revolutionary cinema can only emerge from a radically new film aesthetic, one that fundamentally rejects realism and the dominant modes of representing lived experience, echoing in a contemporary context Bertolt Brecht’s theory of Verfremdungseffekt (alienation effect).