restricted access Super Fly: A Summary of Objections by the Kuumba Workshop (USA, 1972)

This manifesto, written by Francis Ward, one of the founders, along with his wife Val Gray Ward, of the Kuumba Workshop—a well-known Black Arts theatre workshop in Chicago—takes issue with the blaxploitation film Super Fly (Gordon Parks, Jr., 1972), not only because of its negative representations but because the film tries to exploit African Americans by selling a grotesque, distorted image of themselves back to them in order to profit.