Women’s Cinema as Counter-Cinema (UK, 1973)

Claire Johnston draws on Marx, Freud, and Barthes’s conception of myth, and unlike many of the feminist cine-structuralists that followed her, she argues for a cinema that embraces both the political and the popular, dismissing the false dichotomy often postulated between the two forms. In so doing, Johnston analyzes “woman as myth” in the Barthesian sense of the term, and considers how sexist ideology has been normalized through the cinema and the means by which this process of mythification can be counteracted.