restricted access Declaration of Principles and Goals of the Nicaraguan Institute of Cinema (Nicaragua, 1979)

After forty-three years of dictatorial rule by the Somoza dynasty propped up by the United States, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de liberación nacional, FSLN) overthrew the government in 1979. Realizing that Nicaragua had no cinematic history to speak of, the newly formed Nicaraguan Institute of Cinema faced a different set of challenges than those faced by many Latin American countries. Not only did the institute need to mobilize film to educate the people; it also had to develop a cinema from ground zero. This manifesto addresses these concerns, delineates what the Nicaraguan Institute of Cinema sees as the goals of Nicaraguan film, and puts forth the utopian ideals of building a free film culture from the ground up.