restricted access Consciousness of a Need (Uruguay, 1970)

Mario Handler was one of the two cofounders of the Cinemateca del tercer mundo in Montevideo in 1969, which functioned as a distribution center for political and militant documentaries that the American conglomerates would not show on their screens. This manifesto, which began as a letter to the left-wing paper Marcha, argues that the birth of political cinema can only be tied to the birth of a certain kind of consciousness by Uruguayan intellectuals. Unlike many of the other Latin American film manifestos, Handler’s addresses a specific problem facing Uruguay: unlike other countries developing indigenous Third Cinema practices, it lacked a cinema of any real sort.