Cinema and Underdevelopment (Argentina, 1962)

Founder of the Santa Fe Documentary School, Fernando Birri wrote “Cinema and Underdevelopment” shortly after one of the most violent juntas in Argentina. Birri argues for a cinema of the working classes and foreshadows Fernando Solas and Octavio Getino’s call for a cinema that is counter-Hollywood. He argues that fi lm pedagogy is central to the cultivation of a new, independent Argentine cinema and argues against Western models of “modernization” that feed into colonial attitudes toward “development,” taking, in particular, Argentine director Torre Nilsson to task.