The Oberhausen Manifesto (West Germany, 1962)
Abstract

A central precursor to what would shortly become Young German Cinema and New German Cinema, the “Oberhausen manifesto” was, like Truffaut’s “A Certain Tendency in French Cinema,” a repudiation of the old ways of making film and an argument for experimentation and risk-taking using the short film as a Petri dish for developing new forms of feature films in West Germany. The “Oberhausen manifesto” haunted German cinema in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, as evidenced by the number of times the manifesto is referenced and debated in subsequent documents, such as the untitled Oberhausen manifesto of 1965, “The Mannheim Manifesto” and the “Hamburg Declaration.”