restricted access From “The Glass Eye” (Italy, 1933)

This manifesto by right-wing journalist and Italian fascist supporter Leo Longanesi (who, perhaps apocryphally, came up with the slogan “Mussolini is always right”) argues for an Italian realist cinema years before the same calls were made by Cesare Zavattini and other neorealist directors (see Zavattini, “Some Ideas on the Cinema” later in this chapter). Longanesi argues that other cinemas engage in social realities while Italian cinema neglects and disavows these realities. It is striking to see the importance of realism for this fascist critic because neorealism is often understood as a response to the fascist era.