restricted access Light*Form*Movement*Sound (USA, 1935)

Experimental animator Mary Ellen Bute’s manifesto outlines some of the key elements of Absolute Film—a cinema that relies primarily on visual and aural abstraction. Like her contemporary abstract animators Norman McLaren, Len Lye, and Oskar Fischinger, Bute argues for a synesthetic cinema that disavows realism and instead explores the nature of the visual and aural fields.