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Acknowledgments • xix Introduction. “An Invention without a Future” • 1 1. THE AVANT-GARDE(S) • 13 The Futurist Cinema (Italy, 1916) • 15 F.T. Marinetti, Bruno Corra, et al. Lenin Decree (USSR, 1919) • 19 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin The ABCs of Cinema (France, 1917–1921) • 20 Blaise Cendrars WE: Variant of a Manifesto (USSR, 1922) • 23 Dziga Vertov The Method of Making Workers’ Films (USSR, 1925) • 27 Sergei Eisenstein Constructivism in the Cinema (USSR, 1928) • 29 Alexei Gan Preface: Un chien Andalou (France, 1928) • 31 Luis Buñuel CONTENTS vi • C O N T E N T S Manifesto of the Surrealists Concerning L’Age d’or (France, 1930) • 31 The Surrealist Group Manifesto on “Que Viva Mexico” (USA, 1933) • 38 The Editors of Experimental Film Spirit of Truth (France, 1933) • 41 Le Corbusier An Open Letter to the Film Industry and to All Who Are Interested in the Evolution of the Good Film (Hungary, 1934) • 44 László Moholy-Nagy Light*Form*Movement*Sound (USA, 1935) • 47 Mary Ellen Bute Prolegomena for All Future Cinema (France, 1952) • 49 Guy Debord No More Flat Feet! (France, 1952) • 50 Lettriste International The Lettristes Disavow the Insulters of Chaplin (France, 1952) • 51 Jean-Isidore Isou, Maurice Lemaître, and Gabriel Pomerand The Only Dynamic Art (USA, 1953) • 52 Jim Davis A Statement of Principles (USA, 1961) • 56 Maya Deren The First Statement of the New American Cinema Group (USA, 1961) • 58 New American Cinema Group Foundation for the Invention and Creation of Absurd Movies (USA, 1962) • 61 Ron Rice From Metaphors on Vision (USA, 1963) • 62 Stan Brakhage Kuchar 8mm Film Manifesto (USA, 1964) • 69 George Kuchar Film Andepandan [Independents] Manifesto (Japan, 1964) • 70 Takahiko Iimura, Koichiro Ishizaki, et al. C O N T E N T S • vii Discontinuous Films (Canada, 1967) • 72 Keewatin Dewdney Hand-Made Films Manifesto (Australia, 1968) • 76 Ubu Films, Thoms Cinema Manifesto (Australia, 1971) • 77 Arthur Cantrill and Corinne Cantrill For a Metahistory of Film: Commonplace Notes and Hypotheses (USA, 1971) • 78 Hollis Frampton Elements of the Void (Greece, 1972) • 86 Gregory Markopoulos Small Gauge Manifesto (USA, 1980) • 87 JoAnn Elam and Chuck Kleinhans Cinema of Transgression Manifesto (USA, 1985) • 88 Nick Zedd Modern, All Too Modern (USA, 1988) • 89 Keith Sanborn Open Letter to the Experimental Film Congress: Let’s Set the Record Straight (Canada, 1989) • 100 Peggy Ahwesh, Caroline Avery, et al. Anti-100 Years of Cinema Manifesto (USA, 1996) • 102 Jonas Mekas The Decalogue (Czech Republic, 1999) • 103 Jan Švankmajer Your Film Farm Manifesto on Process Cinema (Canada, 2012) • 105 Philip Hoffman 2. NATIONAL AND TRANSNATIONAL CINEMAS • 109 From “The Glass Eye” (Italy, 1933) • 112 Leo Longanesi The Archers’ Manifesto (UK, 1942) • 116 Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger What Is Wrong with Indian Films? (India, 1948) • 117 Satyajit Ray Buñuel the Poet (Mexico, 1951) • 120 Octavio Paz French Cinema Is Over (France, 1952) • 123 Serge Berna, Guy Debord, et al. Some Ideas on the Cinema (Italy, 1953) • 124 Cesare Zavattini A Certain Tendency in French Cinema (France, 1954) • 133 François Truffaut Salamanca Manifesto & Conclusions of the Congress of Salamanca (Spain, 1955) • 144 Juan Antonio Bardem Free Cinema Manifestos (UK, 1956–1959) • 149 Committee for Free Cinema The Oberhausen Manifesto (West Germany, 1962) • 152 Alexander Kluge, Edgar Reitz, et al. Untitled [Oberhausen 1965] (West Germany, 1965) • 153 Jean-Marie Straub, Rodolf Thome, Dirk Alvermann, et al. The Mannheim Declaration (West Germany, 1967) • 154 Joseph von Sternberg, Alexander Kluge, et al. Sitges Manifesto (Spain, 1967) • 155 Manuel Revuelta, Antonio Artero, Joachin Jordà, and Julián Marcos How to Make a Canadian Film (Canada, 1967) • 157 Guy Glover How to Not Make a Canadian Film (Canada, 1967) • 161 Claude Jutra From “The Estates General of the French Cinema, May 1968” (France, 1968) • 162 Thierry Derocles, Michel Demoule, Claude Chabrol, and Marin Karmitz Manifesto of the New Cinema Movement (India, 1968) • 165 Arun Kaul and Mrinal Sen What Is to Be Done? (France, 1970) • 169 Jean-Luc Godard The Winnipeg Manifesto (Canada, 1974) • 170 Denys Arcand, Colin Low, Don Shebib, et al. viii • C O N T E N T S Hamburg Declaration of German Filmmakers (West Germany, 1979) • 172 Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Werner Herzog, Wim Wenders, et al. Manifesto I (Denmark, 1984) • 173 Lars von Trier Manifesto II (Denmark, 1987) • 174 Lars von Trier Manifesto III: I Confess! (Denmark, 1990) • 174 Lars von Trier The Cinema We Need (Canada, 1985) • 176 R. Bruce Elder Pathways to the Establishment of a Nigerian Film Industry (Nigeria, 1985) • 183...


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