In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

3 Intro­ duc­ tion­ Scott’s Foun­ da­ tional Years It is now time for the Negro ­ papers to speak out, and show that Scott is put up for sale. God save us from them. Saint Louis Pal­ la­ dium, 16 July 1904 While ­ William ­ Thomas Scott was pre­ par­ ing to at­ tend the sec­ ond ses­ sion of the Na­ tional Negro Lib­ erty Party Con­ ven­ tion in Saint Louis, Mis­ souri, on Thurs­ day, 7 July 1904, the front page of the Saint Louis Re­ pub­ lic was ad­ vis­ ing that day’s vis­ i­ tors to the Loui­ siana Pur­ chase Ex­ po­ si­ tion to ex­ pect a con­ tin­ u­ a­ tion of “un­ set­ tled and show­ ery ­ weather.” Wednes­ day had been a warm, rainy, and humid day, and per­ haps that, or the fact that more than three hun­ dred del­ e­ gates from ­ thirty-five ­ states had ­ crowded into the meet­ ing hall at Saint­ Louis’s newly ­ opened Doug­ lass Hotel, ex­ plained why del­ e­ gates of this new po­ lit­ i­ cal party had se­ lected a ­ ticket un­ ac­ cept­ able to Scott. Scott was the host and chair of this con­ ven­ tion, and he ­ should have had a­ greater im­ pact on its de­ lib­ er­ a­ tions and de­ ci­ sions. On the pos­ i­ tive side, del­ e­ gates had ­ adopted a num­ ber of plat­ form ­ planks im­ por­ tant to black ­ Americans, in­ clud­ ing one that sup­ ported a bill then cir­ cu­ lat­ ing in the U.S. Con­ gress to give pen­ sions to ­ ex-slaves as rep­ ar­ a­ tions for con­ don­ ing slav­ ery. Then liv­ ing in­ nearby East Saint Louis, Il­ li­ nois, Scott had an­ nounced that the party would se­ lect can­ di­ dates for the of­ fices of pres­ i­ dent and vice pres­ i­ dent of the ­ United­ States and ­ surely had ­ thought that del­ e­ gates would ­ choose can­ di­ dates who were black and who would give black vot­ ers an op­ por­ tu­ nity to ex­ press their in­ de­ pen­ dence and their man­ hood. In­ stead, del­ e­ gates ­ endorsed the ­ ticket of the na­ tional Re­ pub­ li­ can Party, ­ headed by Theo­ dore Roose­ velt, who was white and the sit­ ting pres­ i­ dent of the ­ United ­ States. Del­ e­ gates ei­ ther ig­ nored or were un­ a­ ware of the fact that only a year ear­ lier Roose­ velt had sum­ mar­ ily dis­ missed a del­ e­ ga­ tion of Introduction 4 black lead­ ers seek­ ing pen­ sions for black vet­ e­ rans of the Civil War, stat­ ing that it was ­ enough that ­ blacks had ob­ tained their free­ dom in 1865 and the right to vote in 1870. Scott ­ likely ob­ tained only a few hours of sleep ­ between the Wednes­ day and Thurs­ day ses­ sions, spend­ ing much of his time hud­ dled with ­ like-minded del­ e­ gates and con­ vinc­ ing oth­ ers to re­ con­ sider their votes when the con­ ven­ tion re­ con­ vened. He was, after all, in his own home­ town and still the chair of the con­ ven­ tion. The am­ bi­ ence of the hall and the con­ ven­ tion—and its com­ po­ si­ tion— had ­ changed dra­ mat­ i­ cally by Thurs­ day morn­ ing. Del­ e­ gates had been cer­ tified in the first ses­ sion, but an ad­ di­ tional hun­ dred or so del­ e­ gates had ar­ rived dur­ ing the night, and that de­ tail was ei­ ther over­ looked or ig­ nored for the sec­ ond ses­ sion. After spir­ ited de­ bate, del­ e­ gates re­ con­ sid­ ered ­ Wednesday’s votes, re­ moved­ Roosevelt’s name from the ­ party’s ­ ticket, and ­ turned to the task of nom­ i­ nat­ ing some­ one who would stand sep­ ar­ ately as the ­ party’s ­ standard-bearer. Those who had sup­ ported Roose­ velt and the Re­ pub­ li­ can ­ ticket quit the con­ ven­ tion in dis­ may, leav­ ing be­ hind only those en­ thu­ sias­ tic for in­ de­ pen­ dence. By the end of the day, the con­ ven­ tion had se­ lected a dif­ fer­ ent ­ ticket, and this one was led by Scott for the of­ fice...


Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.