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232 A g r e e m e n t s u p p l e m e n t s DeAth oF DoCuments mAp loCAtion F,G, 2 threAD loCAtion Page 44 sCApe Cataloging Relationships Artifacts Death of Documents influenced by will influence Author Jocelyn Clark ConversAtion stArters 1. What kind of tools are we using to store memories and communicate ideas? 2. As our recorded world becomes more fluid, how do we capture snapshots of it for documentation, memories, or communication of ideas? 3. What is a document anyway? 4. Is the document dying or are certain characteristics of the document dying? relAteD ArtiFACts Documents What is a document and is it even a useful definition? Two theoretical views of the definition of a “document” are found in the following sources: Frohmann, B. (2009). Revisiting “What is a document?” Journal of Documentation, 65(2), 291–303. Stone, D. (1997). What is a “document”? Journal of the American Society of Information Science, 48(9), 804. The Changing World of Publishing There is a lot of discussion in the world about the decline of newspaper publishing, the decline of the independent bookstore, and the growth of self-publishing on blogs, wikis, social media, and bulletin boards. Many journal articles are now accessed more frequently online through fee-based databases. In addition, the world of direct access publishing is increasing. Decline of Newspapers kxan. (2009, April 17). Paul Steiger addresses the future of newspapers. Video posted to Perez-Pena, R. (2008, October 28). Newspaper circulation continues to decline rapidly . New York Times. Retrieved from media/28circ.html. Who killed the newspaper? (2006, August 24). The Economist. Retrieved from http:// Figure 115 A g r e e m e n t s u p p l e m e n t s 233 Change in Publishing Rich, M. (2009, January 28). Self-publishers flourish as writers pay the tab. New York Times. Retrieved from Predictions of the Death of the Book or the Ultimate Failure of the eBook There seem to be dueling theories about the ultimate success or failure of the paperbased book as an artifact. Will the paper or the ebook win out in the end? Does it matter? How does the business model of publishers change as the format changes? Gomez, J. (2008). Print is dead: Books in our digital age. London: Macmillan. Contends that printed books will be replaced by digital books and that book distributors and readers should actively support the transformation by encouraging digital book creation and the standards required for storage and delivery. jlaccetti (2007, April 18). Digitise or die: Margaret Atwood. Video posted to http:// Levy, D. M. (2001). Scrolling forward: Making sense of documents in the digital age. New York: Arcade. Marsh, S. D. (n.d.). The death of the book. Retrieved from http://www.marshillreview. com/extracts/mash.shtm Weinberger, D. (1998, March 19). The death of documents and the end of doneness. Journal of the Hyperlinked Ogranization. Retrieved from backissues/joho-march19-98.html#death. Changing Permanence Documents that exist in the digital world can be much less permanent than paperbased documents. Related concepts include: perpetual beta, living (or evergreen) documents, and continuous improvement. All of these ideas point to the concept of impermanence. Content that exists in a particular form one day may not exist in that format the next day. Efforts to increase permanence such that accessibility to ideas is maintained require that time is stopped occasionally such that a snapshot can be kept as a record. More important is that today’s library cataloguing routines are difficult to apply to documents that won’t stand still. How do you catalog an artifact that won’t remain in existence? Bowker, G. C. (2005). Memory practices in the sciences (Inside technology). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Internet Archives: Wayback Machine. Retrieved from web.php. Business Document Management Systems Although paper books, newspapers, and other printed material may be decreasing, the business world is turning to digital document and content management systems to augment their communication and documentation processes. For years, there have been Paperless Society/Paperless Office utopia theories. In contrast, requirements for record-keeping seem to be increasing. Ragnet, F. (n.d...


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