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Preface This collection of essays, written by fellow-scholars and students of Derk Bodde for his seventy-fifth birthday, covers a wide variety of subjects spanning more than two thousand years of Chinese history, that is from the Warring States (456-281 B.C.) with W. Allyn Rickett's study of Kuan Tzu 管子 to the modern day storyteller as described by Susan Blader. Although the focus is on traditional Chinese culture rather than contemporary China, no effort was made to systematically cover the successive periods or dynasties of Chinese history. Some essays encompass the whole of Chinese history, like Herrlee G. Creel's study of the idea of compromise and Schuyler Cammann's exposition of Yin Yang through symbolic forms. Although dealing with very different subjects, namely, the Muslim adaptation to Chinese sociocultural patterns and the development of the fire-lance and gun-barrel technology in China, Donald D. Leslie and Joseph Needham cover the same period of time, from T'ang (618-907) to Ming (1368-1644). Another aspect of T'ang culture is brought forward by Wallace Johnson's study of the concept of doubt in Chinese law. The Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220), which retained Derk Bodde's attention in his research and writings, is particularly well covered in the present work, with articles by Michael Loewe on beliefs and rituals (the ceremonial for the invocation of rain), by A.F.P. Hulsew是 on the dispensation of law (the Commandant of Justice), by Hans Bielenstein on intellectual history (Pan Ku's 班固 assessment of Wang 卸1ang 王莽), by Timoteus Pokora on text history (the authors of Shih chi 丈記 127) , by Michael Nylan and Nathan Sivin on Yang Hsiung's 揚雄 T'ai hsüan ching 太玄經, by John Major on the legalist idea of hsing-te 汁。!德, and by Charles Le Blanc on Huai-nan Tzu's 准南子 reinterpretation of Chuang Tzu 莊子. Xl Preface The main theme that pervades these 的says is that of the proper ordering of the universe as it obtains in the Chinese tradition. The attempt to apprehend, preserve, and enhance order and harmony is manifest in the way man relates to nature, society, and human institutions. It is fitting that the recurring concern of the present collection is an idea to which Oerk Bodde devoted a good deal of thought and about which he wrote major articles,的 is noted by Adele Rickett in her biography of Oerk Bodde at the beginning of this book. For Oerk Bodde, harmony (and conflict) is the fundamental concept undergirding Chinese civilization: 'The universe, according to prevailing Chinese philosophical thinking, is a harmoniously functioning organism consisting of an orderly hierarchy of interrelated parts and forces, which though unequal in their status, are all equally essential for the total process' (Oerk Bodde, 'Harmony and Conflict in Chinese Philosophy', reprinted in Essays on Chinese Civilization, Princeton, 1981, pp. 285眉6). We like to believe that the topics discussed in this book reflect well the broad interests and high scholarly standards of Oerk Bodde as well as the contributors' esteem for him as a friend, a colleague, and a teacher. Xtl Susan Blader Associate Professor of Chinese Studies, Department of Foreign Languages, Dartmouth College Charles Le Blanc Director, Centre d'是tudes de l'Asie de l'Est, Université de Montréal ...


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