- Editorial Procedures and Principles
- The Johns Hopkins University Press and Faber & Faber Ltd
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[ xliii EDITORIAL procedures and principles I. Published Prose Criteria for Inclusion Eliot’suncollectedprosemakesupthevastmajorityofthewritingspublished in his lifetime and spans the period from his stories in the Smith Academy Record in 1905 to his final autobiographical note for the Harvard College Class of 1910: Fifty-fifth Anniversary Report, contributed in late December 1964,shortlybeforehisdeathon4January1965.Thesewritingsincludehundreds of reviews and essays contributed to periodicals; commentaries in the Criterion; letters to the press (printed here and in the Letters; in each place they appear in different contexts of personal letters and public prose, thereby inviting separate readings and annotation); lectures and addresses published separately in wrappers or in boards; introductions, prefaces, and forewords to books and to translations of his works in foreign languages; testimonials and other contributions to domestic and foreign newspapers; and public broadcasts published or excerpted in the Listener. Among his own letters to the press are those of which he was a signatory with one or more others. As his role in their authorship is uncertain, these signed letters, which began in 1927 and increased in number in later decades, will be included in a separate section, “Letters and Documents with Multiple Authorship.” Chronology With a few exceptions, the editors have arranged the majority of Eliot’s unpublished and published prose writings in the original order of composition or publication to allow the reader to follow closely his developing patterns of thought as he immersed himself in intellectual journalism and literary criticism from year to year, decade to decade. The primary volumes of collected essays, together with their prefaces and introductions, have been disassembled and their contents returned to chronological order alongside the uncollected and unpublished prose. Less than 10 percent of Eliot’s prose writings underwent textual changes when they were reprinted or collected; most pieces were never revisited after their first publication in periodical and other forms. Some reviews and essays, however, particularly those included in The Sacred Wood, were editorial procedures and principles xliv ] combinedandrevisedbyEliotasnewessays:successivelypublishedreviews of books on Ben Jonson in November 1919, on Philip Massinger in MayJune1920 ,andonSwinburneandothersinthetwo-part“ThePerfectCritic” in July 1920. The original reviews were redacted as such and included in the volume under the first title of each pair. He collapsed three other reviews publishedbetweenSeptemberandDecember1919underthetitle“Imperfect Critics” for the volume. Moreover, “Eeldrop and Appleplex” and “Tradition andtheIndividualTalent,”originallypublishedintwoseparatepartsmonths apart, have been combined into a single piece. In such uncharacteristic cases, we have sacrificed adherence to chronology in order to present the complete texts, but not without indicating the separate chronological positions and titles and recording significant textual changes. A few other considerations have led us to relax the chronological order of publication in specific instances, including Eliot’s doctoral dissertation on F. H. Bradley, a draft of which was completed and approved in 1916 but not edited and published until 1964. The editors have placed this lengthy work neither intrusively into the published reviews of 1916, nor awkwardly out of context in 1964, but logically at the end of the graduate essays of 191315 , essays that led to and were organically drawn upon for the dissertation. In presenting a corrected, re-edited, and more readable critical text in that position, the editors have drawn upon the original dissertation typescript, the proofs and correspondence of the suppressed first printing (1963), and the proofs and text of the 1964 edition. The three volumes of university lectures described above – The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism, After Strange Gods, The Idea of a Chris tian Society – as well as Notes towards the Definition of Culture, have been kept intact and edited as the coherent, self-contained works that they were intended to be; however, when individual lectures were published separately , the publication data and any alterations are recorded in the textual notes. The Clark Lectures (1926) and Turnbull Lectures (1933), edited and published together posthumously as The Varieties of Metaphysical Poetry (1993), have also been kept intact, each re-edited and included separately and chronologically in respective volumes. The dates of composition of individual reviews, essays, and lectures are given when they are known. Standardization of Formats Eliot’s prose in little magazines and periodicals appears under a variety of house styles: the divergent formats, typography, spacing, and indents for [ xlv editorial procedures and principles paragraphs and set-off quotations have all been standardized. As the bibliographical descriptions and kinds of information provided for books under review also varied considerably from periodical to periodical, these descriptions have been standardized in the heading, as have...