Index, Image Plates

From: Active Radio

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Abu-Jamal, Mumia, 125 Acheson, Dean, 36 Adler, Margot, 122, 133 advertising on early radio, ix–x, 1, 16, 21–22, 25 “After the Silent Generation,” 71–74 Agence Française, 117 Alexander, Shana, 103 Alinsky, Saul, 7, 86 All Things Considered, 82, 126 alternative media, 128, 143 American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 4, 31–32, 40 American Political Science Association, 24 “American System” of broadcasting, 16, 19, 47 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T), 15–17 American Union Against Militarism (AUAM), 31 Anglo-American libertarian tradition, 4, 53, 91, 97 Anti-Imperialist League, 30 anti-Semitism, 121–22 Aptheker, Betina, 102 Aptheker, Herbert, 74, 75, 83 Arheim, Rudolf, 148 Armstrong, David, 135 Armstrong Award, 117 articles of incorporation. See Pacifica Foundation audience, 47, 91, 115; for commercials in the 1920s, 2, 17–18; for WBAI’s coverage of Vietnam War, 122; fragmentation in mid-1970s, 127 Aylesworth, Merlin, 17–18 Baldwin, Roger, 31 Barnouw, Erik, 41 Baughman, James, 47 Bay Area, and Pacifica’s origins, 42, 49, 63, 99, 101 Bay Area Educational Television Association, 64 Bay Guardian (San Francisco), 54 “be-in,” 118 Beatles, 117 Beats and Beat poetry, 91, 99, 101. See also Mailer, Norman; Ferlinghetti, Lawrence Bell, Daniel: on mass culture, 68–70 Bensky, Larry, 114 Bergman, Peter, 89 Bill of Rights, 4, 15, 31, 93, 95, 97–98. See also First Amendment Black, Hugo: on free speech, 98 Index 173 Black Panthers, 128 Black Power movement, 127 Bohr, Neils, 43 Bolshevism, x Bourdieu, Pierre, 91 Brandeis, Louis: on First Amendment doctrine, 93–94; and Pacifica’s mission, 146 “brash experiment,” 42, 145; and democracy, 10; and Oliver Wendell Holmes’s jurisprudence, 8; on WBAI, 120 Brienes, Wini, 103, 158 (n. 11) British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), 23, 63, 82 CR (Nanette Rainone), 123–24 “cabal,” 115–17. See also Fass, Bob California Federation of Teachers, 60 call-in radio, xi, 88–91, 119–20, 136 capitalism, 102; and expressive freedom, 144; and warfare, 28–29 Carlin, George, 5, 106–10 Chiarito, America, 49, 97 Chicago Eight, 117 Christianity: and community, 137; and pacifism, 32, 34, 114 civil rights movement, 71–72, 113, 141; programming on Pacifica, 127 Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps, 34–36, 40 “clear” (radio) channels, 16, 21 Cleaver, Eldridge, 86, 87 COINTELPRO, 76 Cold War, 3, 36, 43, 93, 97; and freedom of speech, 51–54 Columbia University student uprising, 119 commercial radio, 1, 9, 11–26, 40, 94, 98; early critics, 22–23, 26, 92; first broadcast commercial, 15; Hill’s critique of, 46–47 Committee for Non-violent Revolution (CNVR), 37, 72 communism, 53, 73, 74, 79, 95 Communist “infiltration” of Pacifica, 74–78 community: and Christian pacifism, 114; definition of, 137 community radio, 6, 113–41; and cultural pluralism, 133–34; and democratic sovereignty, 140–41; and dialogic politics, 139; and listener support, 113; and 1970s social movements, 136–37; pacifist characteristics, 114; precursors, 117–18; and “quality” broadcasting, 144; transition from “free speech radio,” 144; and undistorted communication, 135; Vera Hopkins’s critique of, 114, 140; at WBAI, 133–35; and WBAI’s Third World audience, 129–30 conscientious objectors, 2, 31, 34–35, 50 consciousness-raising, 136, 138, 140 Constitution (U.S.), 8, 93, 96, 140–41 Cook, Fred, 76 Cope, Ray, 51 Costello, Deloris, 131 Counterattack, 74, 78, 106 counterculture, 6, 115; and WBAI programming, 134–36 Cousins, Norman, 74 Cuban Revolution, 137 cultural programming, 91, 98 democracy, 8, 101; and communication, 9; Dewey’s definition of, 8–9; and free speech, 96–97; and foreign policy, 52; as unstable “situation,” 8, 144–45; and “speculative license” (Whitman), 100. See also Meiklejohn, Alexander democratic media, 8–9, 143, 147; and democratic culture, 9; different models of, 135–37 “Democratic Vistas” (Whitman), 9 Dewey, John, x, 7, 53, 96, 101; on democracy and education, 8–9; on militarism and community, 114; and the public, 20 Dill-White Radio Act of 1927, ix, 19–21. See also Federal Radio Act of 1927 Dodd, Thomas, 75–77 Donahue, Tom, 135 Downing, John, 44 Drinkwater, Terry, 66 Du Bois, W. E. B., 74 Dylan, Bob, 70, 116 174 INDEX educational radio, 22–24 Einstein, Albert, 43 elitism, 44, 51, 96, 123–25; and mass culture, 68–70 Emerson, Ralph W., 91 English Revolution, 4 F.M. broadcasting: reception, 46; radio ownership, 56 Fass, Bob, 45, 116–19, 126, 138; Radio Unnameable, 89–90, 134–35; and Yippies, 119 “fat-in,” 118 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 3; WBAI exposé of, 75–76 Federal Communications...