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Appendix: Bavli Manuscripts and Censorship We are still far away from a complete history of the textual transmission of the Babylonian Talmud, but considerable progress has been made recently , thanks to the new technology of collecting huge amounts of data and putting them electronically at the research community’s disposal. Most notable in this regard are the Saul Lieberman Institute for Talmudic Research at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York that provides scholars with a computerized databank (the Sol and Evelyn Henkind Talmud Text Data Bank) of talmudic manuscripts1 and the online databank of talmudic manuscripts maintained, together with the Hebrew University’s Department of Talmud, by the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem (the David and Fela Shapell Family Digitization Project).2 I have been able to utilize the following Bavli manuscripts and printed editions (arranged according to the presumed date of the respective manuscripts):3 Firenze II-I-7-9: Ashkenazi, 1177 Oxford Heb. d. 20 (Neubauer-Cowley 2675): Sephardic, Geniza, 13th century(?) Karlsruhe Reuchlin 2: square Ashkenazi, 13th century New York JTS Rab. 15: Sephardic, 1291 Vatican ebr. 487/9: square Ashkenazi, 13th century(?) Vatican ebr. 108: Sephardic, 13th–14th century Munich Cod. Hebr. 95: Ashkenazi, 13424 Vatican ebr. 110: square Ashkenazi, 1380 Vatican ebr. 130: square Ashkenazi, 1381 Vatican ebr. 140: square Ashkenazi, 14th century Oxford Opp. Add. fol. 23: square Sephardic, 14th–15th century Paris heb. 1337: square Sephardic, 14th–15th century Paris heb. 671/4: Byzantine, 15th century Herzog 1: Yemenite, after 1565 Soncino printed edition: printed in Soncino, Barco, and Pesaro between 1484 and 1519 Vilna printed edition: 1880–1886 According to this list, the earliest available evidence for our Jesus texts is the Firenze manuscript from the late twelfth century. The latest manuscript is a Yemenite manuscript from the second half of the sixteenth century. Altogether, the transmission history of the Bavli text is hampered by the fact that many of the earlier manuscripts are lost because of the aggressive policy of the Catholic Church against the Talmud, which culminated in many burnings of the Talmud ordered by the Church (at first 1242 in Paris). Moreover, after the (in)famous Christian-Jewish disputation of Barcelona in 1263, the Church began (often relying on the “expertise” of Jewish converts) to censor the Talmud text and to eliminate (erase, blacken, etc.) all the passages that the experts found objectionable or offensive to the Christian doctrine. It goes without saying that passages referring to Jesus became the prime victim of such activity. In later printed editions, many such supposedly incriminating passages were left out by the Jewish printers themselves in order not to jeopardize the publication of the Talmud (or of other Hebrew books). In the following charts, I have summarized the references about Jesus as they appear in the manuscripts and some printed editions, arranged according to the topics and the sequence in which they are discussed in the book. 132 Appendix 1. Jesus’ family b Shab 104b/Sanh 67a b Shab 104b Oxford 23 Was he the son of Stara (and not) the son of Pandera? Vatican 108 Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? Vatican 487 son of Siteda5 Munich 95 Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? Soncino Was he the son of Stara (and not) the son of Pandera? Vilna Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? b Sanh 67a Herzog 1 Was he the son of Stara (and not) the son of Pandera? Munich 95 Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? Firenze II.1.8–9 Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? Karlsruhe 2 Was he the son of Stara (and not) the son of Pandera? Barco Was he the son of Stara (and not) the son of Pandera? Vilna Was he the son of Stada (and not) the son of Pandera? b Shab 104b Oxford 23 husband Stara, lover Pandera Vatican 108 husband Stada, lover Pandera Munich 95 husband Stada, lover Pandera Soncino husband Stara, lover Pandera Vilna husband Stada, lover Pandera Bavli Manuscripts and Censorship 133 b Sanh 67a Herzog 1 husband Stara, lover Pandera Munich 95 husband Stada, lover Pandera Firenze II.1.8–9 husband Stada, lover Pandera Karlsruhe 2 [husband Stara, lover Pandera]6 Barco husband Stara, lover Pandera Vilna husband Stada, lover Pandera b Shab 104b Oxford 23 husband Pappos, mother Stara...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400827619
Related ISBN
9780691143187
MARC Record
OCLC
368370339
Pages
232
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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