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administrative discretion, 33 Administrative Procedures Act, 72 Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), 31–33, 88, 120 agendas, 5–7 expertise, 5 implementation, 7, 82 information, 6 operational, 5 policy changes, 6 appropriations, 8–15, 40–54, 101–5 budget authority, 46 Budget Enforcement Act (BEA), 8, 40, 44, 51–52, 54 Bush Administration, 48 Carter Administration, 48, 54 Clinton Administration, 48, 50, 54 discretionary spending, 19, 37, 40, 44, 50–51, 54 expired short-term authorizations , 45–46 Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act, 40–44 institutional control of appropriations by rules, 44 partisanship, 44 Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO), 51 Reagan Administration, 48, 101, 105 signaling mechanisms, 50 Such Sums as Necessary, 41, 46–49 U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR), 47 appropriations committee, 15, 40 Budget and Accounting Act (BAA), 40 Budget Enforcement Act (BEA), 8, 40, 44, 51–54 Bureau of the Budget, 40, 57 caps on appropriations, 40, 57 Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act (CBICA), 40, 121 Congressional Budget Office, 40, 59, 66, 101–3, 112 General Accounting Office, 40, 59, 66, 74, 112 Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act (GRH), 40–44 House and Senate budget committees , 40 Appalachian Regional Commission, 10, 46, 111 auditing procedures, 75 annual, 18 authorizations, 1–18, 42–43 defense, 1, 17 education, 1 expired, 18 gatekeeping mechanism, 3 House XXI, 11, 13 information, 43 iron triangles, 42 reauthorizations, 1–9, 18–35, 43, 59, 72–87, 94–97, 104–6, 109, 145 Index of Subjects Hall_Subjects_Index_2nd.qxd 8/16/2004 4:56 PM Page 145 111, 114, 117 regulatory, 81–102, 121–30 revenue aligned budget authority (RABA), 42 Senate XVI, 11, 12 short-term, 1, 18, 35 signaling mechanisms, 41 signaling model, 37–42 Such Sums as Necessary, 41 transportation, 1 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), 41 unauthorized, 39 authorizations and appropriations, separating, 38 budget process, 38–44, 49–57 bureaucratic drift, 74 CIS/Annual: Abstracts of Congressional Documents, 63 Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), 73, 81 conference committee, 23 conflict, 41 between authorization and appropriations committees, 41 budget committee, 41 Congressional and Administrative News (USCCAN), 63 control mechanisms, 21, 74–75 defense, 15–17 appropriations, 17 authorization, 1, 17 Russell Amendment, 15–17 delegations, 57 discretionary spending, 19, 37–44, 50–54 Economic Development Agency, 83 enactment of legislation, 90–92 Environmental Protection Agency, 55 expired authorizations, 9–15, 45–49, 54, 71, 101–9, 124 funding formulas, 4–5, 25, 79–80, 112–14 gatekeeping, 3, 23–24, 36–39, 88 Head Start, 2–3, 9, 25–26, 64, 73–76, 81–85, 92–94, 113, 121–25 Bush Administration and, 48 hearings, 4–9, 20, 31–33, 36, 55–100, 111–14, 119, 129 Highway Trust Fund, 42, 79 implementation, 7, 82 incrementalism, 30, 43–44 iron triangles, 30, 42 issue networks, 31 legislative activity, 87 legislative control, 74 Legislative Reorganization Act, 15, 57, 72, 127–28 Marshall Plan, 16, 110 mass transit, 73–79 account, 79 media coverage, 33, 87 mobilization, 31 oversight, 2, 60–88, 107 Agendas Project, 63, 88 biennial budgeting, 61 citizen groups, 71 Coast Guard, 64 Congress, 56 Congressional Budget Office, 59 Index of Subjects 146 Hall_Subjects_Index_2nd.qxd 8/16/2004 4:56 PM Page 146 Congressional Research Service, 59 education, 63 ex ante, 34, 55–56, 73–82, 107 ex post, 55–56 fire alarm, 60, 68–71 General Accounting Office, 59 grassroots lobbying, 59 House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, 58 Legislative Reorganization Act, 72 National Endowment for the Arts, 68 Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 64 police patrol, 60–61 regulatory, 1, 71 Senate Armed Services Committee, 61 Social Security, 63 transportation, 63 witnesses, 67–70 policy change, 32–34, 87 definition of, 34 legislative changes, 34 new legislation, 34 reauthorization, 34 stakeholders, 34 policy control, 24 policy domain, 88 policy window, 29 punctuated equilibrium, 30–33, 88 policy monopoly, 30–31 Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature, 88 rule making, 33 Rules Committee, 14 waivers, 14 riders, 15 Russell Amendment, 15–17 Senate XVI, 11–12 short-term authorizations, 1, 35, 88 signal modeling, 37 Social Security, 19 steering of policy, 73 tax policy, 19 transportation, 14, 25 U.S. Department of Education, 86 vehicles, legislation, 34 winning coalitions, 25 147 Index of Subjects Hall_Subjects_Index_2nd.qxd 8/16/2004 4:56 PM Page 147 Hall_Subjects_Index_2nd.qxd 8/16/2004 4:56 PM Page 148 ...


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Subject Headings

  • Budget process -- United States.
  • Budget -- United States.
  • United States. Congress -- Committees.
  • Government spending -- United States -- Decision making.
  • United States -- Appropriations and expenditures -- Decision making.
  • Policy sciences.
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