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Index islation, 131; and Civil Rights Act of Abrams, Charles, 234 Advertising Council, 213 1964, 176; and Committee on DiscrimiAeronautical Mechanics Local No. 741, nation in Employment, 91; and DemoInternational Association of Machin- crats, 241; discrimination as demoralizists , 36 ing, 50; and discrimination in North vs. Aerospace Industries Association, 195 South, 9–10; educational levels of, 10; affirmative action: and administrative electoral importance of, 86, 115, enforcement, 4, 17; as administrative 324n83; employment rate of, 2, 10, 256; orders for federal contractors, 7; alterna- fair employment legislation as harming, tive development of, 232–33, 235; alter- 66; and federal fair employment legislanative enforcement powers for, 233–34; tion, 41, 43; and history of civil rights and civil rights history, 247; as color- movement, 245–51; and housing, 13; blind, 233; and compensation, 210, and Ives-Quinn Act, 90–91, 113; and 215–18; and conservatives, 25, 26–27; job hierarchy, 14, 36, 43; and liberal and counterfactual analysis, 25–27, bloc, 9–10, 12; and marriage, 65; and 364n6; and courts, 4, 233; development Massachusetts fair employment legislaof , 231–32; and enforcement powers, tion, 116; and military, 59, 310n8; and 231; and Equal Employment OpportuNew Deal legislation, 61; Northern, 35; nity Act of 1972, 227; and Executive and Plans for Progress, 213–14; poverty Order 10925, 210; and Executive Order levels among, 35; preferential treatment 11246, 172; and federal contractors, 7, of, 67; and Republicans, 183; and Roose230 ; and federal fair employment legislavelt , 37, 38; and Second Great Migration , 51; foundations for, 22–23, 25, tion, 9, 13; and state fair employment 26–27; goals and timetables for, 3, 7, legislation, 124, 140, 157, 158, 159; sup221 –22, 223–24, 227, 230, 231, 232; port for Truman, 60–61; and Taft, 78; and Johnson administration, 220; meanand unions, 17, 18; wages of, 36, 61; ing of, 7, 172, 210, 226–27; and Nixon wartime gains of, 96; wartime militancy administration, 172; and Philadelphia of, 36; in wartime South, 35; and white Plan, 220–22; and Plans for Progress, ethnics, 13–14; and white workers, 172, 212, 214, 216, 222, 223–25; and 300n23. See also minorities policy alternatives, 230; as preferential Agnew, Spiro, 208 treatment, 220; and President’s CommitAlabama , public opinion in, 59–60. See tee on Equal Employment Opportunity, also Birmingham, Ala. 211, 214; and private business, 7, 230; Alaska, fair employment legislation in, 118 and quotas/proportional representation, Alexander, Clifford L., Jr., 192, 199 215–16, 228, 247; and race attentive Amenta, Edwin, 236, 237 programs, 227, 235; and race neutral American Airlines, 134 programs, 226–27; and Rehnquist American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Court, 252; and Republicans, 241–42; 13, 20, 89, 102, 120 scholarly accounts of, 3–5, 230; and American Council of Race Relations, 49 special treatment of minorities, 214–15, American Council on Human Rights, 45 228; voluntary programs for, 173, 213– American Dental Association (ADA), 109 14, 223–25, 231 American Federation of Labor (AFL), 37, African Americans: and affirmative action, 217; and California fair employment leg- 43, 120, 126 I ND EX 378 American Federation of Labor-Congress Bloch, Emanuel, 67 Blumrosen, Alfred W., 229 of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), 182 Boeing Aircraft, 36 Bontecou, Frederic H., 88–89, 104, 107, American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), 13 109, 110, 111 Bork, Robert, 175 American Jewish Committee (AJ Committee ), 42 Boston Chamber of Commerce, 116, 212 Bowles, Chester, 165 American Jewish Congress (AJC), 42, 47; and fair employment enforcement author- Branch, Taylor, 249, 293n3 Brandeis, Louis, 87, 114, 149 ity, 52; and federal fair employment legislation , 49; and Ives-Quinn Act, 89, 101; Brewster Aeronautical Corporation, 93 Brinkley, Alan, 8 and liberal bloc, 13; and Maslow, 45; and state fair employment legislation, Brint, Steven, 230 Brophy, John, 66–67 120, 131, 164; and Truman, 115 American Labor Party, 44 Brosnan, John F., 110 Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters American Retail Federation, 195, 203 Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), (BSCP), 37, 43, 110, 120 Brown, Clarence, 78–79 13, 79, 120, 182 Anderson, C. Elmer, 15, 147 Brown, Edmund G., 15, 155 Brown, Michael, 61 Anti-Defamation League of B’Nai B’rith (ADL), 42 Brown, William H., III, 192, 202–3, 229 Brown v. Board of Education, 45 Arizona, 10, 164 Aronson, Arnold, 202, 316n35 Bullis, Harris A., 143, 144 Burger, Warren, 226 Associated Employers of Illinois, 136 Associated Farmers, 134 Burlingham, Charles C., 102, 329n30 Burns, Arthur, 199 Associated General Contractors of America, 195 Burstein, Paul, 34 Bush, George...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400831395
Related ISBN
9780691139531
MARC Record
OCLC
700686861
Pages
424
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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