Index
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Barnes, Sarah Randleman, 147 barter, 142, 147–152 Bartlett, Richard, 59 Basey, Dewitt Clinton, 144, 146 Basye, Lisbon, 121 Bateman, Fred, 35 Bays, Margaret, 49 Bays, William, 49 Becknell, William, 132–133 Beckwith, Thomas, 73, 116, 117 bedbugs, 68–69 Bek, William G., 90 Belden, Joshua, 36 Bell, Ovid, 86 berries, 76 Berry, Calvin, 43 Bidwell, John, 49 Big Shoal Meeting House, 147 Bingham, George, 34 Bingham, Henry Vest, 116 Birkbeck, Morris, 56 Blythe, Lucy, 64 Bohannon, J. R., 39, 42–44 Boone, Daniel, 9–10, 12, 21, 25, 37 Boone, Nathan, 9 agriculture: commercial, 4, 18, 24, 28–29, 31, 43, 91, 100, 113–114, 146–147; frontier, 25, 56, 59–65; goals of, 4, 17–18, 33–34, 56; safetyfirst , 17; slavery in, 4, 28–29; subsistence , 17–18, 25, 58–64, 78 ague. See malaria alcohol, 85–87, 94 Americans, 15–16; exports from Louisiana , 8–11, 14; market interests of, 115–116; migration of, 7–13, 16–17, 29, 35–37 Appalachian Mountains, 1, 8, 115; commercial orientation, 31; origin of emigrants, 31 Arkansas, 24, 37 Atack, Jeremy, 35 Atherton, Lewis, 146 Audubon, John James, 57; as merchant, 120; on squatters, 57 Aull, James, 151, 154 Aull, Robert, 151 Bailyn, Bernard, 36 barges, 116, 121, 123 index 234  Index competency, 3, 33–34, 53, 78, 162–163; difficulty in obtaining, 55 composite farming, 18 consumerism, 118, 142, 146–147; in Kentucky, 30–31; in Missouri, 118– 120, 146–154; in Tennessee, 30–31 consumption, 152–154, 156–158 corn, 73–74 corn husking, 87–88, 94 Council Bluffs, Iowa, 136 Craig, Beatrice, 3 Craven, Avery Odelle, 22 credit, 155–156; role in consumerism, 155 Dallam, Francis, 34 Danbom, David, 115, 162 Davis, James E., 46, 120 debts, 154–155 Delaware, 29 dependency: Southern fear of, 21 Dick, Everett, 85 disease. See cholera, dysentery, malaria, measles, smallpox, typhus, whooping cough Dixie, Little, 4 Dorsey, Dorothy, 134 Drake, Daniel, 74, 76, 86–87, 94, 103 Draper, Philander, 60, 89–90 Duden, Gottfried, 37, 141–142 Duggins, Thomas, 18 Dunaway, Wilma, 31 dysentery, 67–68, 106 Edwards, A. A., 39 emigration, 16–17; causes, 33–41; from Europe, 36–38; from North, 36; from South, 20–22, 34–35 Estes, Melinda Houston, 127 Boonslick, 22–23, 24, 45, 55 Boonville, 110, 121, 131, 136, 143, 153 Boston, 1, 129 Brackenridge, Henry Marie, 13, 23, 25 Bradbury, John, 11, 84 Bradford, Lucy, 146 Bruns, Henriette, 104–106 Bumgardner, James, Jr., 63–64, 75 Burke, Diana Mutti, 4 Burnet, Peter Hardeman, 120–121 Burt, Franklin, 94–95 Bush, John C., 65–66, 70 Bushman, Richard, 18 butter, 93, 109–112 cabins, 62; description of, 27–28, 62; primitive nature of, 25, 28, 37 Cahokia, 5 California: migration to, 96, 135–136 California Gold Rush, 115, 127, 135; impact on Missouri, 135–138 Cape Girardeau, 11 capitalism, 31, 162–163; acceptance of, 2–3, 8, 15–16, 24; consequences of, 2, 45–46; definition of, 3; disruption of, 2, 18, 162–163; English heritage, 15; historical debate over, 2, 17–18; merchant role in, 30–31; neighborhood exchange and, 17–18; resistance to, 2, 162–163; transition to, 3 Carondelet, Baron de, 8 Chauncey, John, 34 children: farm labor, 103–104 cholera, 5, 19, 55–56, 66–67, 136–137 Clemens, J., 18, 44 coffee, 63, 94–95, 121, 128, 153 Colorado Gold Rush, 138 Columbia, Missouri, 47, 131 Index  235 Gazetteer of State of Missouri, 31, 72 Gentry, Richard, 133 Germans, 19–20; difficulties in Missouri , 38, 60, 104–106; migration to Missouri, 19–20, 37–38; market participation of, 145–146 Gilliam, Charles, 95 Gillum, Mildred Arrington Huckstep, 94 Goddard, Stephen, 33 Goebel, Gert, 90, 145 Goodwin, J., 44–45 Graves, David Williams, 71, 73, 87 Gregg, Josiah, 133 Gross, Robert A., 18 Gustorf, Frederick, 38, 130 Haines, Nathan, 33, 68 Hall, James, 121 Hardin, Mary, 19 Harris, Jonathan, 68 Harrison, Thomas, 47 hemp production, 28, 30, 131 Hempstead, Stephen, 144 Hepbron, Sewell, 66, 68 Hesse, Nicholas, 15, 60, 62, 74 Hillenkamp, Margaret Blauff, 108 Hockaday, Irwin, 153 hogs, 19, 75 honey, 76 households, 17–18; autonomy, 17, 21, 34, 149, 154; consumption, 18, 30– 31, 149; debts, 154–155; hospitality, 95–96; independence, 3, 33–34; interdependence, 3, 81–85, 87–93, 96–98 house-raising, 84–85, 88–89 Howe, Daniel Walker, 135 Fackler, Francis, 18 Faragher, John Mack, 84 farmers: diet of, 78; building of farms, 59–64; market interests of, 11, 14, 15–16, 18, 28...


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