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275 INDEX acid rain: Clean Air Act, 232; comparison to climate change, 105; EPA, 127; international regulation, 182–83, 191–93, 196–98; OECD study, xiii, 181–83, 192; sulfur dioxide, 234–35; Svante Odèn, 186–87 aether, 3–4 air injection reaction (AIR) systems (automobile ), 115, 121 Airlight (artwork), 245–47 air quality management, 102, 104–5, 127, 245–47 alchemy, 259–60 American Chemical Society, 252 American Meteorological Society, 160 Anderson, Clinton, 164, 167–68 Anthropocene, 235 Aquinas, Thomas, 11, 15 Aristotle: on air, 2–5; on male and female bodies, 11–14 Arrhenius, Svante, 252, 263 art, 242–48 Atomic Energy Commission (AEC): attitudes towards nuclear fallout, 153–56; depletion of ozone layer, 218–20; fallout from Bikini Atoll test, 159; fallout from Nevada Test Site, 152–53; health effects of nuclear fallout, 156–59; High Altitude Sampling Project, 165–67; radioactive debris in the stratosphere, 164; radiotracers , 165–66 Austria, 188 automobiles: computerization, 122–24; incentives to reduce emissions, 112–13, 120; smog, 109–11, 113; technologies to reduce emissions, 113–23, 210 Avicenna, 14 Balkin, Amy, 243–44 Barry, Robert, 242 Barth, Delbert, 132, 143 Bartlett, Elisha, 38–39 Batur, Java, 252, 257–58 Batzel, Roger E., 219 Beck, Ulrich, 87 Beckman, Arnold, 112 Belgium, 183, 188 Bellew, H. W., 40–43 Bernard, Claude, 27 Bikini Atoll, 159 biofuels, 103 Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation (BEAR) Committees, 159–60, 162 Black Death, 9. See also plague Black, Joseph, 260–61 Blair, Henry, 152 bodies: effect of air on, x–xi; Gulf War syndrome, 77, 82, 84, 91; health scares, 90; in medieval thought, 5–7; World War I, 84 Boerhaave, Herman, 33 Boyle, Robert, 34 Brewer, Alan, 162 Brimblecombe, Peter, 109, 125n16, 225n3, 248n12 Britain, 183, 185, 189–90, 192, 196–97 276–––Index Brodie, Benjamin, 33, 39 Brundtland, Gro Harlem, 192, 196 Bryden, James L., 40–43 Buisson, Henri, 210 Bundy, McGeorge, 53 California Institute of Technology, 97, 112, 210–11 Callendar, Guy Stewart, 263 Canada, 185, 194 carbon-14, 164 carbon dioxide: automotive emission, 110–11, 113, 115, 121, 123–24; California laws, 236; “cap and trade” system, 236–41, 243–44; in caves and valleys, xiii, 253–59; climate change, xiii, 123, 233, 263–65; environmental effects, 233; funeral arrangements, 262–63; as greenhouse gas, 232–33; history of, 259–62; in industry, 262–63; Kyoto Protocol, 236; liquid, 261–62; property rights, 238, 240; sequestration, 263–65; solid state of, 261–63; tax on emissions, 239; understandings of, xiii. See also “climate killer”; dry ice; fixed air; wild spirit. carbon monoxide: automotive emission, 109–10, 113; EPA regulation, 131, 232; Kyoto Protocol, 236; technologies to reduce emissions, 115, 118–19, 121, 123–24 Carden-Coyne, Ana, 80 Cardinal Winds, 4–5, 8 Carson, Rachel, 59, 86 Castañega, Martin, 2 Castle Bravo thermonuclear test. See Bikini Atoll catalytic afterburner (converter) (automobile ), 119, 121–23, 143 Cave of the Dog. See Grotto del Cane Cave of Secundereah, 257 Cave of Trophonius, 253 Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) (Britain), 197 Chandler, Raymond, 98 Chang, Julius S., 216, 220, 224 chemicals, toxic, 85–86 chemical weapons: Dugway Proving Ground accident, 59–60; Geneva Protocol, 52, 60–61, 63, 66; Gulf War syndrome, 77–81, 84, 89, 90; Khamisayah arms dump, 80–81, 89; lethal types, 51–52; nonlethal types, 50–52; Okinawa US Army base, 62; Operation CHASE, 61–62; Pugwash Conference, 53–54; soldiers ’ fear of, 80, 83–84; use in warfare, 51–56, 58–59, 83–84; World War I, 83–84 Chemical Warfare Service, US Army (CWS), 52 chemistry: automotive emissions, 109, 112, 116; carbon dioxide, 259–61; policy, 102–5, 110; smog, 95–105, 110, 112–13, 116–17 Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX), 237, 244 chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs): comparison to smog, 102; impact on ozone, 213, 234; policy, 208–9, 219, 232, 237–38 cholera: and the atmosphere, 23; contemporary work, 43; electrical cause of, 35; James L. Bryden and H. W. Bellew, 40–42; microbial cause of, 41–42; Reginald Orton, xi, 28, 31–35; Robert Koch, 41; Chrysler Corporation, 118–19 Clean Air Act: automotive emissions, 115–16, 118, 121; “cap and trade” system, 237; environmental legislation, 184; EPA, 128, 131, 138; ozone, 212; summary of, 231–32 Clean Water Act of 1972, 128 climate change: and art, xiii, 230, 247–48; Index–––277 acid rain, 197; automotive emissions, 123; “cap and trade” system, 236–41, 243–44; carbon dioxide, 251–52, 263–65; greenhouse gases, 232–35...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822979524
Print ISBN
9780822962908
MARC Record
OCLC
875637695
Pages
304
Launched on MUSE
2014-04-15
Language
English
Open Access
N
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