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167 Abundance of natural resources, 5–11, 60–61, 65–67 Accountability and transparency, 10, 21, 24, 137–38, 155–56, 159 Administrative capacity and governance, 148 Afghanistan, 24, 39 Africa: child vulnerability in, 84, 85; and climate change, 78–79; deforestation of, 44; demographics, 16; disease in, 42–44, 79, 84; economic factors in, 52, 55–56; and environmental insecurity, 7, 74, 84, 105–06; and human capital, 84, 85; leadership role in, 16–20, 119–27; and water shortage, 8–9; weakest states in, 35; women’s vulnerability in, 84, 106. See also specific countries and regions African Leadership Council, 19 African Peer Review Mechanism, 19, 149 African Union, 87, 125 Agents of change: and African leaders, 16–20; described, 15–16 Agriculture: and climate change, 11; and exploitation of natural resources, 66; exports, 68; as income, 6, 8, 61, 67, 79; slash-and-burn, 44; subsidies, effect on developing countries, 20; subsistence , 3, 52, 57, 83; and youth, 108 Al Qaeda, 39, 40–41 “Al Qaeda Moving to Africa” (al-Ansari), 41 Amin, Idi, 120 Amnesty International, 23 Annan, Kofi, 20 Annibale, Robert, 22 al-Ansari, Abu Azzam, 41 Arab Human Development Report (2002), 98 Armed Conflict Data database, 53 Asia: disease in, 42; weak states in, 35. See also specific countries Asset protection, 139–40 Autocracies, 35 Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level process, 141 Bangladesh, 43 Bannon, Ian, 108 Barcott, Rye, 14 Barker, Gary, 104 Bellows, John, 56 Blair, Tony, 10, 32 Botswana: as capable state, 37; Drought Relief Program (DRP) in, 57–58; leadership of, 17, 125, 126; overcoming poverty in, 123 Brainard, Lael, 1–30 Index 12-1375-3 index 3/30/07 1:51 PM Page 167 Brazil, 7, 43 Britain, 31–32 British Department for International Development, 34 Brookings Institution: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 26; Transparency and Accountability project, 10; “Weak States Threat Matrix,” 34; Wolfensohn Center for Development, 13, 14 Brownback, Sam, 31 Bush, George W.: and democracy promotion , 158; and Millennium Challenge Account, 156; and poverty reduction and insecurity, 160; transformational diplomacy as foreign policy of, 24 Business Leaders Initiative on Human Rights, 139 Business mentoring, 13 Cadbury Schweppes, 8 Cambodia, 44 Capacity-building initiatives, 5, 18, 144–46 Carolina for Kibera, 14 Case Foundation, 9 CCFF (Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility), 58 Celtel International, 19 Center for Global Development, 34 Center for Strategic and International Studies, 26 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 43 Challenges in poverty-stricken environments , 15–16 Children: mortality rates of, 2, 32, 38, 85; and schooling, 9; vulnerability in Africa, 84. See also Infant mortality rates; Youth population Child soldiers, 101 Chile, 37 Chiluba, Frederick, 119 China, 8–9, 61, 135, 136 Chollet, Derek, 1–30 Christianity, 145; Pentecostalism, 110 CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), 103 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and public spending, 10 Civil war. See Conflict Climate change, 10–11, 45, 78–79, 82 Clinton, Bill, 31 Code of Conduct for International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, 136, 137 Collier, Paul, 3, 12, 51, 55, 91 Combating Terrorism Center of U.S. at West Point, 40 Commodity supply chain standards and certification schemes, 138 Community-based programs, 144 Community resilience, investment in, 21 Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility (CCFF), 58 Conflict, 50–59; and climate change, 78–79, 82; cross-country evidence linking to poverty, 51–52; and democracy , 95, 158; and deprivation, 62–63; and disease, 16, 84, 85; and doom spiral , 4–5; and economic conditions, 3, 5, 38, 39, 51, 54–55, 64; managing, 86–87; and natural resources, 44, 63, 65, 67–68, 73–78, 85–86, 130, 139; postconflict environment, 15, 158–59; and poverty, 1, 4, 51–52, 56, 142; and rainfall variation, 52–55; Rapid Conflict Prevention Support, 56–58; spillovers from weak states as source of, 4, 37–39, 50; and weak states, 34–35; and youth population, 11, 91–92, 96–97, 103–06. See also specific countries and regions Conflict countries as weak states, 35 Conflict resolution, 28, 86, 114 Congo. See Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Core principles of a prosperous society, 150–52 Corporate social responsibility, 20–21, 129–32, 134, 135. See also Private sector Correia, Maria C., 108 Correlates of War (COW) database, 53 168 Index 12-1375-3 index 3/30/07 1:51 PM Page 168 Index 169 Corruption and governance, 6, 122, 123–24, 148 Corruption Perception Index (Transparency International), 122 Countries in transition as weak states, 35...


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