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3 A Marcello Abbado (1926– ) Italy Abbado studied at the Milan Conservatory with Ghedini and has served as principal conductor and music director of the London Symphony Orchestra. He is the brother of conductor Claudio Abbado. Variations on a Minuet by J. S. Bach (BWV Anh. 121) 1951 (Zerboni 1953) 15pp. 12½ min. Var. I: two voices, chromatic, contrary motion between the hands. Var. II: Con decisione, rhythmic, chromatic. Var. III: Lento, full arpeggiated chords plus right-hand trills and tremolando, wide keyboard range. Var. IV: Scorrevole, veiled and subdued, melody transferred between the hands. Var. V: Allegro, hammered repeated chords, large span required, chords move over wide range of keyboard. Var. VI: Molto allegro, widely spaced two-note chords skipping over keyboard. Minuetto: Largamente, pointillistic , final eight measures suggest rising line of Bach minuet, build to large climax. M-D to D. Louis Abbiate (1866–1933) France Trois Pièces 1918 (Jobert 1980) 13pp. 1. Prélude; 2. Romance; 3. Diabolique. Post-Romantic style, with No.3 showing some Prokofiev influence. Large span required . M-D. Sonata No.4 Op.48 1925 (Jobert 1981) 31pp. In three movements. Allegretto con moto un poco barcarola: SA, many triadic figures. Cavatina: melodic writing suggests Chopin. Vivace: triadic use in a typically French toccata style. The roots of this work stretch back to Beethoven, with a mixture of the “heroics” of Romantic composers and the less extroverted style of the Impressionists . Conservative but effective writing. Worth investigating. M-D. Johann Joseph Abert (1832–1915) Germany Abert was known during his lifetime as a double bassist and conductor, and composed primarily operas, orchestral, and chamber music. Trauermarsch 1866 (W. Hader—Laurentius 003 2004) 8pp. First edition. Composed at the zenith of Romanticism in music, Abert’s short march in ternary form makes much use of octaves and declamatory effects. Preface in German. M-D. Hans Abrahamsen (1952– ) Denmark Abrahamsen teaches at the Royal Danish Academy of Music and composes in an individualist style stemming from the late twentieth century. 4   Absil 7 Studier (WH) 17pp. Entitled: Traumlied; Sturm; Arabeske; Ende; Boogie-Woogie ; For the Children; Blues. Studies take the character of their titles, generally tonal with altered harmonies. Performers and audiences will especially enjoy Boogie-Woogie with its Presto tempo and changing meters. Score is facsimile of manuscript; sometimes difficult to read, but with suggestive fingerings. M-D. Jean Absil (1893–1974) Belgium Many of Absil’s earlier works were written in a conventional idiom, but in later years Absil turned to a more personal, austere style. Unconventional rhythmic procedure was the norm in his writing. See anthologies of Belgian composers for other works. Échecs: Suite Op.96 1956 (CeBeDeM) 16 min. In six movements. 1. Le Roi; 2. La Reine; 3. Le Fou; 4. La Tour; 5. Les Pions; 6. Les Cavaliers: effective toccata. Much variety and contrast. M-D. Passacaille Op.101 1959 (CeBeDeM) 10pp. In memoriam Alban Berg. Required piece for the 1960 Queen Elisabeth Competition. Chromatic theme and twenty variations treated in various ways. A few variations are relieved by short episodes. A calm and expressive mood is characteristic of the four middle variations, while a brilliant coda concludes the work. D. Six Bulgarian Dances Op.102 (Lemoine). Dances in ternary or variation form. Bartók influence. Driving rhythms, unusual dissonances over stable tonalities , whimsical. See especially No.6. Int. Sonatine Op.125 1966 (Metropolis) 7pp. In three movements. Allegro moderato: fresh harmonies, clever rhythms. Pavane: imitative with mildly dissonant chords. Tarentelle: 6/8, dancelike, fleeting, attractive. Int. Pastourelle 1958 (Lemoine) 2pp. Accompanied melody, mildly twentieth-century. Int. See: Kathleen Cooper Vadala, The Concert Works of Jean Absil for Solo Piano: A Performance Tape and Stylistic Analysis (DMA document, University of Maryland, College Park, 1986), 132pp. Motohiko Adachi (1940– ) Japan Per Pianoforte (Zen-On 412 1978) 27pp. Accordo: Ostinato; Monodia. Complex rhythms, highly organized, clusters, aleatoric, avant-garde. D. Daniel A. d’Adamo (1966– ) France, born Argentina D’Adamo studied in Buenos Aires and Lyon, and has already received several prizes for his compositions, including the Prix de Rome. He has lived in France since 1991. Carta Segreta 2001 (Billaudot 2002) 24pp. 13 min. In one movement, emancipating from Expressionism with scalar formations, proportional rhythmic relationships, dramatic qualities, sudden dynamic changes, and dense harmonic structures. Challenging. D. See: Adès   5 George Adams (1904–1959) USA Sonata b 1959 (CFP 6232) 14 min. A three-movement (FSF) work written by a versatile hand. Tonal, dramatic, full...