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The G-20 Summit at Five

Time for Strategic Leadership

edited by Kemal Dervis and Peter Drysdale

Can the G-20 become a steering committee for the world's economy? Launched at a moment of panic triggered by the financial crisis in late 2008, the leaders' level G-20 is trying to evolve from crisis committee for the world economy to a real steering group facilitating international economic cooperation.

What can and should such a "steering committee" focus on? How important could the concrete gains from cooperation be? How much faster could world growth be? Is there sufficient legitimacy in the G-20 process? How does the G-20 relate to the IMF and the World Bank? How can Australia in 2015, and then Turkey in 2016, chair the process so as to encourage strategic leadership?

The East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in the Crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National University and the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution joined forces in putting together this volume and asked opinion leaders and policymakers from G-20 countries to provide their independent perspectives.

Contributors include Colin Bradford (Brookings), Peter Drysdale (Australian National University), Kemal Dervis (Brookings), Andrew Elek (Australian National University), Ross Garnaut (University of Melbourne), Huang Yiping (China Center for Economic Research), Bruce Jones (Brookings), Muneesh Kapur (IMF), Homi Kharas (Brookings), Wonhyuk Lim (Korea Development Institute), Rakesh Mohan (IMF), David Nellor (consultant, Indonesia), Yoshio Okubo (Japan Securities Dealers Association), Mari Pangestu (Republic of Indonesia), Changyong Rhee (former Asian Development Bank), Alok Sheel (Government of India), Mahendra Siregar (Republic of Indonesia), Paola Subacchi (Chatham House, London), Carlos Vegh (Brookings), Guillermo Vuletin (Brookings), and Maria Monica Wihardja (World Bank).

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G Company's War

Two Personal Accounts of the Campaigns in Europe, 1944-1945

Bruce E. Egger and Lee McMillian Otts, edited and with commentary by Paul Roley

This unique account of combat in World War II provides parallel day-to-day records of the same events as seen by two men in the same company, one an enlisted man, one an officer.  

G Company's War is the story of a World War II rifle company in Patton's Third Army as detailed in the journals of S/Sgt. Bruce Egger and Lt. Lee M. Otts, both of G Company, 328th Regiment, 26th infantry Division. 

Bruce Egger arrived in France in October 1944, and Lee Otts arrived in November. Both fought for G Company through the remainder of the war. Otts was wounded seriously in March 1945 and experienced an extended hospitalization in England and the United States. Both men kept diaries during the time they were in the service, and both expanded the diaries into full-fledged journals shortly after the war. 

These are the voices of ordinary soldiers--the men who did the fighting--not the generals and statesmen who viewed events from a distance. Most striking is how the two distinctly different personalities recorded the combat experience. For the serious-minded Egger, the war was a grim ordeal; for Otts, with his sunny disposition, the war was a once-in-a-lifetime experience, sometimes even fun. Each account is accurate in its own right, but the combination of the two into a single, interwoven story provides a broader understanding of war and the men caught up in it. 

Historian Paul Roley has interspersed throughout the text helpful overviews and summaries that place G Company's activities in the larger context of overall military operations in Europe. In addition, Roley notes what happened to each soldier mentioned as wounded in action or otherwise removed from the company and provides an appendix summarizing the losses suffered by G Company. The total impact of the work is to describe the reality of war in a frontline infantry company. 

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G.I. contre jihad

Qui, de George W. Bush ou d’Oussama ben Laden, peut être sacré vainqueur de l’affrontement amorcé par les événements du 11 septembre 2001 ? Sur le ring mondial, le premier round est sans nul doute déclaré nul. Sans nul doute, car les stratégies des deux combattants n’ont qu’exacerbé les tensions. Au terme des deux mandats de George W. Bush, et au retour à une politique américaine plus classique, Pierre-Alain Clément expose les causes de cet échec mutuel. Nous plongeant dans les rouages du terrorisme, il explique les raisons de sa persistance et identifie les travers des politiques contre-terroristes actuelles. Le choc des civilisations anticipé en cette première décennie du millénaire n’a peut-être pas eu lieu, mais les contentieux à l’origine du jihadisme restent entiers. De nouvelles pistes doivent être explorées pour comprendre ce phénomène. La partie est loin d’être terminée.

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G.I. Nightingales

The Army Nurse Corps in World War II

Barbara Brooks Tomblin

"Weaving together information from official sources and personal interviews, Barbara Tomblin gives the first full-length account of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps in the Second World War. She describes how over 60,000 army nurses, all volunteers, cared for sick and wounded American soldiers in every theater of the war, serving in the jungles of the Southwest Pacific, the frozen reaches of Alaska and Iceland, the mud of Italy and northern Europe, or the heat and dust of the Middle East. Many of the women in the Army Nurse Corps served in dangerous hospitals near the front lines—201 nurses were killed by accident or enemy action, and another 1,600 won decorations for meritorious service. These nurses address the extreme difficulties of dealing with combat and its effects in World War II, and their stories are all the more valuable to women’s and military historians because they tell of the war from a very different viewpoint than that of male officers. Although they were unable to achieve full equality for American women in the military during World War II, army nurses did secure equal pay allowances and full military rank, and they proved beyond a doubt their ability and willingness to serve and maintain excellent standards of nursing care under difficult and often dangerous conditions.

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The Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World

Joshua D. Hendrick

The "Hizmet" ("Service") Movement of Fethullah Gülen is Turkey’s most influential Islamic identity community. Widely praised throughout the early 2000s as a mild and moderate variation on Islamic political identity, the Gülen Movement has long been a topic of both adulation and conspiracy in Turkey, and has become more controversial as it spreads across the world. In Gülen, Joshua D. Hendrick suggests that when analyzed in accordance with its political and economic impact, the Gülen Movement, despite both praise and criticism, should be given credit for playing a significant role in Turkey's rise to global prominence.
Drawing on 14 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Turkey and the U.S., Hendrick examines the Gülen Movement’s role in Turkey’s recent rise, as well as its strategic relationship with Turkey’s Justice and Development Party-led government. He argues that the movement’s growth and impact both inside and outside Turkey position both its leader and its followers as indicative of a "post political" turn in twenty-first century Islamic political identity in general, and as illustrative of Turkey’s political, economic, and cultural transformation in particular.
Joshua D. Hendrick is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Global Studies at Loyola University Maryland in Baltimore. 

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Générations et cycles de vie

Au carrefour des temps biologiques et psychosociaux.

Edited by Laurence Charton

Cet ouvrage collectif, à partir des contributions de chercheurs de différentes disciplines en sciences humaines, tente de cerner les problématiques posées par l'arrimage de deux conceptions du temps, sociale et biologique, en se fondant sur des études qualitatives, provenant de terrains divers. On y décrit les rapports entre temps et parentalité, et entre temps et maladie. Ces thèmes illustrent l'intérêt et la complexité des liens existant entre ces deux domaines de réflexion qui ouvrent de nouveaux champs de recherche.

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Género, nación y literatura

Emilia Pardo Bazán en la literatura gallega y española

by Carmen Pereira-Muro

Emilia Pardo Bazán’s place in Spanish and Galician literatures has been hard won, and she has yet to receive the recognition she deserves. In Género, nación y literatura: Emilia Pardo Bazán en la literatura gallega y española, Carmen Pereira-Muro studies the work and persona of this fascinating author in the context of Spanish and Galician competing nationalisms. She rereads the literary histories and national canons of Spain and Galicia as patriarchal master narratives that struggle to assimilate or silence Pardo Bazán’s alternative national project. Pereira-Muro argues that Pardo Bazán posited the inclusion of women in the national culture as a key step in circumventing the representational logic behind Realism and Liberalism in the modern nation-state. By insisting that women should be equal partners, Pardo Bazán problematically adopted the patriarchal binarism that assigns women to Nature and men to Culture, but she also subverted it by denying its supplemental relationship. Her astute choice and manipulation of masculine cultural models (Realism, not Romanticism; prose, not poetry; Castilian language, not Galician) ultimately won her (despite fierce opposition) inclusion in the Spanish national canon. Furthermore, the study of her thorny relations with emerging Galician nationalism shows that her exclusion from “Galician literature” was due largely to her transgressive gender performance. Finally, Pereira-Muro contends that in the author’s last novel, Pardo Bazán experimented with creating a feminine writing and a feminine canon for Spain. Nevertheless, the prevailing gender politics ensured that only her realist (masculine) production made it into the Spanish canon, and not this last, modernist (feminine) writing. In conclusion, this book questions the naturalization of national canons by uncovering the gender politics behind what is cast as naturally determined by language and geography. Doing this also exposes the parallel gender strictures at work behind seemingly opposed central (Spanish) and peripheral (Galician) national projects.

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Génies des lieux

Enchevêtrement culturel, clivages et ré-inventions du sujet collectif

Edited by Pierre-Wilfrid Boudreault

Au moment où la mondialisation et l’ouverture des frontières semblent inaugurer un imaginaire de l’échange à dimension planétaire, apparaît aussi une dynamique de la différence, des clivages, voire de la barbarie. Par delà l’unanimité altermondialiste, un sujet collectif est peut-être en train de tracer les lignes d’un nouveau « caractère social ». Les pratiques sociales de l’espace local/régional redéfinissent-elles un nouveau rapport au monde ? N’y a-t-il pas des génies des lieux et des esprits qui participent à une esthétique sociale de l’implication civique sans gommer les références cosmopolitiques ?

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Géographie de l'Amérique latine

Une culture de l'incertitude

Edited by Nathalie Gravel

De la présentation historique des grands moments de l'Amérique latine aux tendances démographiques, l'auteure s'attarde sur les politiques d'assimilation et d'homogénéisation des populations autochtones. Elle propose une discussion détaillée par région, du Mexique jusqu'à la Terre de Feu, en exposant les enjeux socioéconomiques et les défis auxquels leur développement est confronté. Elle analyse l'évolution de leur ouverture commerciale et les processus de démocratisation et d'intégration régionale qu'on y rencontre. Enfin, elle décrit une Amérique latine incertaine qui cherche des réponses à des questions qu'elle a même peine à formuler et présente une réflexion sur la culture de l'incertitude ainsi qu'une voie alternative afin de la transformer en prémisses de développement rural et urbain durable.

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Géographie et société

Vers une géographie citoyenne

Edited by Suzanne Laurin

Jamais les concepts d'espace et de territoire n'ont été aussi présents. Jamais l'environnement n'a soulevé autant de débats. Jamais, non plus, n'a-t-on disposé d'outils de représentation du territoire aussi performants que les systèmes d'information géographique. Quelle est donc la place de l'analyse géographique dans la compréhension des grandes questions sociales de l'heure? Des géographes se sont penchés sur ce thème et ont analysé l'expertise du géographe, le rôle de la géographie et l'environnement, les défis à relever par les «jeunes géographes», la place de la géographie dans l'institution universitaire, les liens entre la technologie et la géographie, la géographie et la citoyenneté ainsi que la culture géographique.

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