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Three Billion Years Of Change
Iowa's rock record is the product of more than three billion years of geological processes. The state endured multiple episodes of continental glaciation during the Pleistocene Ice Age, and the last glacier retreated from Iowa a mere (geologically speaking) twelve thousand years ago. Prior to that, dozens of seas came and went, leaving behind limestone beds with rich fossil records. Lush coal swamps, salty lagoons, briny basins, enormous alluvial plains, ancient rifts, and rugged Precambrian mountain belts all left their mark. In Iowa's Geological Past, Wayne Anderson gives us an up-to-date and well-informed account of the state's vast geological history from the Precambrian through the end of the Great Ice Age.
Anderson takes us on a journey backward into time to explore Iowa's rock-and-sediment record. In the distant past, prehistoric Iowa was covered with shallow seas; coniferous forests flourished in areas beyond the continental glaciers; and a wide variety of animals existed, including mastodon, mammoth, musk ox, giant beaver, camel, and giant sloth.
The presence of humans can be traced back to the Paleo-Indian interval, 9,500 to 7,500 years ago. Iowa in Paleozoic time experienced numerous coastal plain and shallow marine environments. Early in the Precambrian, Iowa was part of ancient mountain belts in which granite and other rocks were formed well below the earth's surface.
The hills and valleys of the Hawkeye State are not everlasting when viewed from the perspective of geologic time. Overall, Iowa's geologic column records an extraordinary transformation over more than three billion years. Wayne Anderson's profusely illustrated volume provides a comprehensive and accessible survey of the state's remarkable geological past.
This book explores the customary, social, economic political and rights issues surrounding access, ownership and control over land from a gender perspective. It combines theory and practice from researchers, lawyers and judges, each with track records of working on women and rights concerns. The nexus between the reluctance to recognize and materialize womenís right to land, and the increasing feminization of poverty is undeniable. The problem assumes special acuity in an essentially agrarian context like Cameroon, where the problem is not so much the law as its manner of application. That this book delves into investigating the principal sources and reasons for this prevalent injustice is particularly welcome. As some of the analyses reveal, denying women their right to land acquisition or inheritance is sometimes contrary to established judicial precedents and even in total dissonance with the countryís constitution. Traditional and cultural shibboleths associated with land acquisition and ownership that tend to stymie womenís development and fulfilment, must be quickly shirked, for such retrograde excuses can no longer find comfort in the law, morality nor in ìmodernî traditional thinking. The trend, albeit timid, of appointing women to Land Consultative Boards and even as traditional authorities, can only be salutary. These are some positive practical steps that can translate the notion of equal rights into ìequal powerî over land for both sexes; otherwise ìequalityî in this context will remain an unattractive slogan.
Vol. 1 (2002) through current issue
The Conference of Latin-Americanist Geographers (CLAG) is a specialized group of the geographers founded on 1970 and at present has more than 280 members around the world. CLAG was organized to develop geographic investigation in and on Latin America. In order to fulfill this objective, CLAG organizes national and international conferences that include diverse subjects that reflect the different interests of its members. As well as the Journal of Latin American Geography it also publishes a Newsletter and maintains an active listserv. It invites social scientists of all disciplines related to CLAG subjects to participate in its conferences, held every 18 months in the US and Latin America, and in its publications. The Journal of Latin American Geography will continue and expand the tradition of the annual CLAG Yearbook which has published a selection of peer-reviewed papers by distinguished geographers and other scholars for more than 20 years. The editor will work with an international editorial board to promote the publication of original, high quality, and refereed manuscripts that represent the broad spectrum of geographic perspectives on and from the region.
Women’s Activism and Neoliberalism in the Colonias of the Southwest
Environment, Cosmology and Sovereignty
The indigenous people of Southern Vietnam, known as the Khmer Krom, occupy territory over which Vietnam and Cambodia have competing claims. Regarded with ambivalence and suspicion by nationalists in both countries, these in-between people have their own claims on the place where they live and a unique perspective on history and sovereignty in their heavily contested homelands. To cope with wars, environmental re-engineering and nation-building, the Khmer Krom have selectively engaged with the outside world in addition to drawing upon local resources and self-help networks. This groundbreaking book reveals the sophisticated ecological repertoire deployed by the Khmer Krom to deal with a complex river delta, and charts their diverse adaptations to a changing environment. In addition, it provides an ethnographically grounded exposition of Khmer mythic thought that shows how the Khmer Krom position themselves within a landscape imbued with life-sustaining potential, magical sovereign power and cosmological significance. Offering a new environmental history of the Mekong River delta, this book is the first to explore Southern Vietnam through the eyes of its indigenous Khmer residents.
Paradigme occidental, pratiques africaines
Face à la « crise mondiale de l’eau », la gestion intégrée des ressources en eau semble représenter la solution. Toutefois, les auteurs montrent qu’elle a de quoi être critiquée et la mettent à l’épreuve en analysant sa transférabilité à l’Afrique subsaharienne.
Nature and Culture in New England
Kent Ryden does not deny that the natural landscape of New England is shaped by many centuries of human manipulation, but he also takes the view that nature is everywhere, close to home as well as in more remote wilderness, in the city and in the countryside. In Landscape with Figures he dissolves the border between culture and nature to merge ideas about nature, experiences in nature, and material alterations of nature.
Ryden takes his readers from the printed page directly to the field and back again-. He often bypasses books and goes to the trees from which they are made and the landscapes they evoke, then returns with a renewed appreciation for just what an interdisciplinary, historically informed approach can bring to our understanding of the natural world. By exploring McPhee's The Pine Barrens and Ehrlich's The Solace of Open Spaces, the coastal fiction of New England, surveying and Thoreau's The Maine Woods, Maine's abandoned Cumberland and Oxford Canal, and the natural bases for New England's historical identity, Ryden demonstrates again and again that nature and history are kaleidoscopically linked.
To be human is to experience fear, but what is it exactly that makes us fearful? Landscapes of Fear—written immediately after his classic Space and Place—is renowned geographer Yi-Fu Tuan’s influential exploration of the spaces of fear and of how these landscapes shift during our lives and vary throughout history.
In a series of linked essays that journey broadly across place, time, and cultures, Tuan examines the diverse manifestations and causes of fear in individuals and societies: he describes the horror created by epidemic disease and supernatural visions of witches and ghosts; violence and fear in the country and the city; fears of drought, flood, famine, and disease; and the ways in which authorities devise landscapes of terror to instill fear and subservience in their own populations.
In this groundbreaking work—now with a new preface by the author—Yi-Fu Tuan reaches back into our prehistory to discover what is universal and what is particular in our inheritance of fear. Tuan emphasizes that human fear is a constant; it causes us to draw what he calls our “circles of safety” and at the same time acts as a foundational impetus behind curiosity, growth, and adventure.
Une approche géographique
Ce livre passe en revue les enjeux et les bouleversements qui traversent l’« espace-monde » contemporain. L’analyse thématique et régionale proposée montre que l’espace-monde est tout sauf homogène, ce qui met en relief l’importance d’une approche géographique attentive aux lieux et aux spécificités territoriales.Science du territoire, la géographie aborde le rapport de la société à l’espace, rapport à l’origine de l’ancrage territorial des collectivités humaines. Mondialisation aidant, cet ancrage territorial change. De nouveaux équilibres entre les collectivités et leur espace géographique cohabitent avec de profonds déséquilibres sociaux et écologiques, lesquels mettent au défi la capacité des décideurs et des citoyens, à tous les niveaux, du local au mondial, de prendre les décisions appropriées pour construire un monde équitable et viable.
Perspectives, pratiques et devenirs
À la fois existentielle et identitaire, notre condition territoriale nous oblige à nous intéresser aux diverses lectures que nous faisons de notre territoire puisque ce sont elles qui dictent nos comportements à son égard. Or le regard que nous portons sur notre territorialité est fort complexe. Si nous la percevons par nos sens, nous l’appréhendons aussi à partir de nos schèmes cognitifs et de nos valeurs. Regarder un paysage, par exemple, ne consiste pas à en dégager une image neutre, mais plutôt à en reproduire une image déjà pleinement codifiée et signifiée. Pareille lecture agit donc d’elle-même, partie prenante d’un imaginaire géographique qui structure le regard comme l’usage que nous faisons du territoire. Et c’est cette idée selon laquelle l’imaginaire géographique serait la matrice de notre présence au, de et par ce monde, que les scientifiques de divers horizons réunis dans ce livre souhaitent explorer en le posant comme un, sinon le principe fondateur de notre condition territoriale.