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To be human is to experience fear, but what is it exactly that makes us fearful? Landscapes of Fear—written immediately after his classic Space and Place—is renowned geographer Yi-Fu Tuan’s influential exploration of the spaces of fear and of how these landscapes shift during our lives and vary throughout history.
In a series of linked essays that journey broadly across place, time, and cultures, Tuan examines the diverse manifestations and causes of fear in individuals and societies: he describes the horror created by epidemic disease and supernatural visions of witches and ghosts; violence and fear in the country and the city; fears of drought, flood, famine, and disease; and the ways in which authorities devise landscapes of terror to instill fear and subservience in their own populations.
In this groundbreaking work—now with a new preface by the author—Yi-Fu Tuan reaches back into our prehistory to discover what is universal and what is particular in our inheritance of fear. Tuan emphasizes that human fear is a constant; it causes us to draw what he calls our “circles of safety” and at the same time acts as a foundational impetus behind curiosity, growth, and adventure.
Une approche géographique
Ce livre passe en revue les enjeux et les bouleversements qui traversent l’« espace-monde » contemporain. L’analyse thématique et régionale proposée montre que l’espace-monde est tout sauf homogène, ce qui met en relief l’importance d’une approche géographique attentive aux lieux et aux spécificités territoriales.Science du territoire, la géographie aborde le rapport de la société à l’espace, rapport à l’origine de l’ancrage territorial des collectivités humaines. Mondialisation aidant, cet ancrage territorial change. De nouveaux équilibres entre les collectivités et leur espace géographique cohabitent avec de profonds déséquilibres sociaux et écologiques, lesquels mettent au défi la capacité des décideurs et des citoyens, à tous les niveaux, du local au mondial, de prendre les décisions appropriées pour construire un monde équitable et viable.
Perspectives, pratiques et devenirs
À la fois existentielle et identitaire, notre condition territoriale nous oblige à nous intéresser aux diverses lectures que nous faisons de notre territoire puisque ce sont elles qui dictent nos comportements à son égard. Or le regard que nous portons sur notre territorialité est fort complexe. Si nous la percevons par nos sens, nous l’appréhendons aussi à partir de nos schèmes cognitifs et de nos valeurs. Regarder un paysage, par exemple, ne consiste pas à en dégager une image neutre, mais plutôt à en reproduire une image déjà pleinement codifiée et signifiée. Pareille lecture agit donc d’elle-même, partie prenante d’un imaginaire géographique qui structure le regard comme l’usage que nous faisons du territoire. Et c’est cette idée selon laquelle l’imaginaire géographique serait la matrice de notre présence au, de et par ce monde, que les scientifiques de divers horizons réunis dans ce livre souhaitent explorer en le posant comme un, sinon le principe fondateur de notre condition territoriale.
Gated Communities in a Puerto Rican City
In November 1993, the largest public housing project in the Puerto Rican city of Ponce—the second largest public housing authority in the U.S. federal system—became a gated community. Once the exclusive privilege of the city's affluent residents, gates now not only locked "undesirables" out but also shut them in. Ubiquitous and inescapable, gates continue to dominate present-day Ponce, delineating space within government and commercial buildings, schools, prisons, housing developments, parks, and churches. In Locked In, Locked Out, Zaire Zenit Dinzey-Flores shows how such gates operate as physical and symbolic ways to distribute power, reroute movement, sustain social inequalities, and cement boundary lines of class and race across the city.
In its exploration of four communities in Ponce—two private subdivisions and two public housing projects—Locked In, Locked Out offers one of the first ethnographic accounts of gated communities devised by and for the poor. Dinzey-Flores traces the proliferation of gates on the island from Spanish colonial fortresses to the New Deal reform movement of the 1940s and 1950s, demonstrating how urban planning practices have historically contributed to the current trend of community divisions, shrinking public city spaces, and privatizing gardens. Through interviews and participant observation, she argues that gates have transformed the twenty-first-century city by fostering isolation and promoting segregation, ultimately shaping the life chances of people from all economic backgrounds. Relevant and engaging, Locked In, Locked Out reveals how built environments can create a cartography of disadvantage—affecting those on both sides of the wall.
Rural Landscapes, Urban Development, and White Privilege
A Historic View of the Esthetics of Nature
Departing from the traditional study of land use as a history of technology, this book explores the emergence of modern attitudes in literature, art, and architecture--their evolutionary past and their taproot in European and Mediterranean cultures. With humor and wit, Shepard considers the influence of Christianity on ideas of nature, the absence of an ethic of nature in modern philosophy, and the obsessive themes of dominance and control as elements of the modern mind. In his discussions of the exploration of the American West, the establishment of the first national parks, and the reactions of pioneers to their totally new habitat, he identifies the transport of traditional imagery into new places as a sort of cultural baggage.
Folklore, Writing, and the Sense of Place
Any landscape has an unseen component: a subjective component of experience, memory, and narrative which people familiar with the place understand to be an integral part of its geography but which outsiders may not suspect the existence of—unless they listen and read carefully. This invisible landscape is make visible though stories, and these stories are the focus of this engrossing book.
Traveling across the invisible landscape in which we imaginatively dwell, Kent Ryden—himself a most careful listener and reader—asks the following questions. What categories of meaning do we read into our surroundings? What forms of expression serve as the most reliable maps to understanding those meanings? Our sense of any place, he argues, consists of a deeply ingrained experiential knowledge of its physical makeup; an awareness of its communal and personal history; a sense of our identity as being inextricably bound up with its events and ways of life; and an emotional reaction, positive or negative, to its meanings and memories.
Ryden demonstrates that both folk and literary narratives about place bear a striking thematic and stylistic resemblance. Accordingly, Mapping the Invisible Landscape examines both kinds of narratives. For his oral materials, Ryden provides an in-depth analysis of narratives collected in the Coeur d'Alene mining district in the Idaho panhandle; for his consideration of written works, he explores the “essay of place,” the personal essay which takes as its subject a particular place and a writer's relationship to that place.
Drawing on methods and materials from geography, folklore, and literature, Mapping the Invisible Landscape offers a broadly interdisciplinary analysis of the way we situate ourselves imaginatively in the landscape, the way we inscribe its surface with stories. Written in an extremely engaging style, this book will lead its readers to an awareness of the vital role that a sense of place plays in the formation of local cultures, to an understanding of the many-layered ways in which place interacts with individual lives, and to renewed appreciation of the places in their own lives and landscapes.
Géopolitique des conflits de voisinage
Dans la littérature européenne, la marche est perçue comme un préalable à la frontière linéaire, une étape historique du processus de construction nationale-territoriale qui aboutit in fine à l’émergence de l’État-nation. Les territoires concernés sont affectés d’un statut et de fonctions propres à leur position géographique, tout à côté d’un voisin perçu au minimum comme hostile. Généralisée par l’empire carolingien, la marche fut largement utilisée par la couronne anglaise, d’abord dans les îles britanniques puis sur les terres conquises au cours de son expansion territoriale. Les États actuels d’Asie du Sud ont hérité de ces dispositifs et entrepris de les intégrer à leur territoire national. Mais la disparition des marches a suscité depuis la décolonisation des tensions, voire dans certains cas des conflits de frontière, qui sont toujours actifs après plus de soixante ans d’indépendance. C’est le cas entre l’Inde et la Chine, mais c’est aussi valable, quoique à des degrés moindres, pour l’ensemble des frontières traversant les Himalayas. Mettant en scène les dissymétries de la marche himalayenne dans ses contextes géographique et historique, et dans sa dynamique actuelle, l’auteur s’attache à définir les constituantes physiques et humaines de cette barrière montagneuse. Il s’interroge sur la légitimité des revendications territoriales ou frontalières et esquisse une typologie des marches observables dans les Himalayas.
The Human Encounter and the Challenge of Coexistence
In this remarkable and often dazzling book, Paul Carter explores the conditions for sociability in a globalized future. He argues that we make many assumptions about communication but overlook barriers to understanding between strangers as well as the importance of improvisation in overcoming these obstacles to meeting. While disciplines such as sociology, legal studies, psychology, political theory, and even urban planning treat meeting as a good in its own right, they fail to provide a model of what makes meeting possible and worth pursuing: a yearning for encounter.
The volume’s central narrative—between Northern cultural philosophers and Australian societies—traverses the troubled history of misinterpretation that is characteristic of colonial cross-cultural encounter. As he brings the literature of Indigenous and non-Indigenous anthropological research into dialogue with Western approaches of conceptualizing sociability, Carter makes a startling discovery: that meeting may not be desirable and, if it is, its primary objective may be to negotiate a future of non-meeting.
To explain the phenomenon of encounter, Carter performs it in differing scales, spaces, languages, tropes, and forms of knowledge, staging in the very language of the book what he calls “passages.” In widely varying contexts, these passages posit the disjunction of Greco-Roman and Indigenous languages, codes, theatrics of power, social systems, and visions of community. In an era of new forms of technosocialization, Carter offers novel ways of presenting the philosophical dimensions of waiting, meeting, and non-meeting.
Mistress of the Americas
As a subtropical city and the southernmost metropolitan area in the United States, Miami has always lured both visitors and migrants from throughout the Americas. During its first half-century they came primarily from the American North, then from the Latin South, and eventually from across the hemisphere and beyond. But if Miami's seductive appeal is one half of the story, the other half is that few people have ever ended up staying there. Today, by many measures, Miami is one of the most transient of all major metropolitan areas in America.
Miami: Mistress of the Americas tells the story of an urban transformation, perfectly timed to coincide with the surging forces of globalization. Author Jan Nijman connects different historical episodes and geographical regions to illustrate how transience has shaped the city to the present day, from the migrant labor camps in south Miami-Dade to the affluent gated communities along Biscayne Bay. Transience offers opportunities, connecting business flows and creating an ethnically hybrid workforce, and also poses challenges: high mobility and population turnover impede identification of Miami as home.
According to Nijman, Miami is "mistress of the Americas" because of its cultural influence and economic dominance at the nexus of north and south. Nijman likens the city itself to a hotel; people check in, go about their business or pleasure, then check out. Locals, born and raised in the area, make up only one-fifth of the population. Exiles, those who have come to Miami as a temporary haven due to political or economic necessity, are typically yearning to return to their homeland. Mobiles, the affluent and well educated, who reside in Miami's most prized neighborhoods, are constantly on the move.
As a social laboratory in urban change and human relationships in a high-speed, high-mobility era, Miami raises important questions about identity, citizenship, place-attachment, transnationalism, and cosmopolitanism. As such, it offers an intriguing window onto our global urban future.