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Results 61-70 of 121

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Innocent Weapons

The Soviet and American Politics of Childhood in the Cold War

Margaret E. Peacock

In the 1950s and 1960s, images of children appeared everywhere, from movies to milk cartons, their smiling faces used to sell everything, including war. In this provocative book, Peacock offers an original account of how Soviet and American leaders used emotionally charged images of children in an attempt to create popular support for their policies at home and abroad.

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Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures

Vol. 1 (2009) through current issue

Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures is an interdisciplinary, refereed academic journal whose mandate is to publish research on, and to provide a forum for discussion about, cultural productions for, by, and about young people. Our scope is international; while we have a special interest in Canada, we welcome submissions concerning all areas and cultures. We are especially interested in the cultural functions and representations of “the child.” This can include children’s and young adult literature and media; young people’s material culture, including toys; digital culture and young people; historical and contemporary constructions, functions, and roles of “the child” and adolescents; and literature, art, and films by children and young adults. We welcome articles in both English and French.

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Jeunesse en tête

Au-delà du risque de maltraitance, les besoins de développement des enfants

Edited by Marie-Andrée Poirier, Sophie Léveillé and Marie-Ève Clément

L'approche Looking After Children a été développée en Angleterre au début des années 1990 dans le but d’améliorer la qualité et l’efficacité des soins offerts aux enfants confiés à des familles d’accueil ou à des ressources résidentielles. Elle repose sur un cadre conceptuel du développement et du bien-être de l’enfant (Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and Their Families) développé par les Britanniques, qui a été transposé aux enfants ayant besoin de protection mais demeurant dans leur famille d’origine, puis intégré aux services d’aide à l’enfance pour tous les enfants ayant besoin de services. Au Québec, mais aussi au Canada, en Suède et en Australie, de nombreux acteurs du milieu de l’intervention et de la recherche réalisent des travaux autour de ce cadre conceptuel afin de le traduire, de l’adapter et de le faire vivre dans des projets concrets d’action, telles l’approche S’occuper des enfants ou l’initiative Action intersectorielle pour le développement des enfants et de leur sécurité. Cet ouvrage réunit des textes présentant des expériences en lien avec le cadre de référence britannique, l’adaptation de l’approche ou des outils développés auprès des enfants placés ou exposés à de multiples facteurs de risque, ou encore mettant en lumière des concepts qui sous-tendent ce cadre de référence. Il révèle les principaux enjeux de la mise en place d’une approche de la protection de la jeunesse qui remet au centre de ses préoccupations l’ensemble des besoins de développement des enfants, le soutien des figures parentales et le développement d’une offre de services qui intègre tous les acteurs de la communauté, parce que protéger les enfants est nécessaire, mais insuffisant!

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The Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth

Vol. 1 (2008) through current issue

Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth (JHCY) explores the development of childhood and youth cultures and the experiences of young people across diverse times and places. JHCY embraces a wide range of historical methodologies as well as scholarship in other disciplines that share a historical focus. The Journal publishes original articles based on empirical research and essays that place contemporary issues of childhood and youth in a historical context. Each issue also includes an "object lesson" on the material culture of childhood, contemporary policy pieces, and relevant book reviews. JHCY is the official journal of the Society for the History of Children and Youth (SHCY).

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Kids in the Middle

How Children of Immigrants Negotiate Community Interactions for Their Families

Vikki S. Katz

Complicating the common view that immigrant incorporation is a top-down process, determined largely by parents, Vikki Katz explores how children actively broker connections that enable their families to become woven into the fabric of American life. Children’s immersion in the U.S. school system and contact with mainstream popular culture enables them more quickly to become fluent in English and familiar with the conventions of everyday life in the United States. These skills become an important factor in how families interact with their local environments. Kids in the Middle explores children’s contributions to the family strategies that improve communication between their parents and U.S. schools, healthcare facilities, and social services, from the perspectives of children, parents, and the English-speaking service providers that interact with these families via children’s assistance. Katz also considers how children’s brokering affects their developmental trajectories. While their help is critical to addressing short-term family needs, children’s responsibilities can constrain their access to educational resources and have consequences for their long-term goals. Kids in the Middle explores the complicated interweaving of family responsibility and individual attainment in these immigrant families.

Through a unique interdisciplinary approach that combines elements of sociology and communication approaches, Katz investigates not only how immigrant children connect their families with local institutional networks, but also how they engage different media forms to bridge gaps between their homes and mainstream American culture. Drawing from extensive firsthand research, Katz takes us inside an urban community in Southern California and the experiences of a specific community of Latino immigrant families there. In addition to documenting the often-overlooked contributions that children of immigrants make to their families’ community encounters, the book provides a critical set of recommendations for how service providers and local institutions might better assist these children in fulfilling their family responsibilities. The story told in Kids in the Middle reveals an essential part of the immigrant experience that transcends both geographic and ethnic boundaries.

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Kingdom of Children

Culture and Controversy in the Homeschooling Movement

Mitchell Stevens

More than one million American children are schooled by their parents. As their ranks grow, home schoolers are making headlines by winning national spelling bees and excelling at elite universities. The few studies conducted suggest that homeschooled children are academically successful and remarkably well socialized. Yet we still know little about this alternative to one of society's most fundamental institutions. Beyond a vague notion of children reading around the kitchen table, we don't know what home schooling looks like from the inside.

Sociologist Mitchell Stevens goes behind the scenes of the homeschool movement and into the homes and meetings of home schoolers. What he finds are two very different kinds of home education--one rooted in the liberal alternative school movement of the 1960s and 1970s and one stemming from the Christian day school movement of the same era. Stevens explains how this dual history shapes the meaning and practice of home schooling today. In the process, he introduces us to an unlikely mix of parents (including fundamentalist Protestants, pagans, naturalists, and educational radicals) and notes the core values on which they agree: the sanctity of childhood and the primacy of family in the face of a highly competitive, bureaucratized society.

Kingdom of Children aptly places home schoolers within longer traditions of American social activism. It reveals that home schooling is not a random collection of individuals but an elaborate social movement with its own celebrities, networks, and characteristic lifeways. Stevens shows how home schoolers have built their philosophical and religious convictions into the practical structure of the cause, and documents the political consequences of their success at doing so.

Ultimately, the history of home schooling serves as a parable about the organizational strategies of the progressive left and the religious right since the 1960s.Kingdom of Children shows what happens when progressive ideals meet conventional politics, demonstrates the extraordinary political capacity of conservative Protestantism, and explains the subtle ways in which cultural sensibility shapes social movement outcomes more generally.

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L'agression sexuelle envers les enfants - Tome 1

Edited by Martine Hébert

L’agression sexuelle est un fléau social sans frontières qui touchera une fille sur cinq et un garçon sur dix avant qu’ils aient atteint 18 ans. Les caractéristiques de l’agression sexuelle, celles de l’enfant et de l’environnement dans lequel il évolue sont autant de facteurs susceptibles de moduler l’incidence de cette agression sexuelle à court et à long terme.Dans cet ouvrage, des chercheurs œuvrant au sein du Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les problèmes conjugaux et les agressions sexuelles (CRIPCAS), de l’Équipe Violence Sexuelle et Santé (EVISSA) et de la Chaire interuniversitaire Marie-Vincent, ainsi que des cliniciens provenant de différentes disciplines telles que la psychologie, la médecine, la psychoéducation, la sexologie, cernent l’ensemble des facteurs susceptibles d’influencer le vécu de l’enfant victime d’agression sexuelle. À partir de synthèses des connaissances issues des recherches ou de l’expérience clinique, des pistes d’intervention sont proposées pour la prévention, l’évaluation et l’intervention auprès des jeunes victimes d’agression sexuelle et leur famille.

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L'agression sexuelle envers les enfants - Tome 2

Edited by Martine Hébert

Dans ce deuxième tome de L’agression sexuelle envers les enfants, les auteurs approfondissent les conséquences associées à l’agression sexuelle, puis abordent des thèmes émergents dans ce domaine de recherche et d’intervention, comme le concept de sécurité d’attachement ou encore le phénomène de cycle intergénérationnel de la victimisation sexuelle. Cette synthèse de connaissances, issues des travaux de chercheurs œuvrant au sein du Centre de ­recherche interdisciplinaire sur les problèmes conjugaux et les agressions ­sexuelles (CRIPCAS), de l’Équipe Violence sexuelle et santé (EVISSA) et de la Chaire interuniversitaire Marie-Vincent, ainsi que de cliniciens ­provenant de différentes disciplines telles que la psychologie, la médecine, la psychoéducation et la sexologie, propose des pistes d’intervention pour aider les victimes d’agression sexuelle et de nouvelles avenues de recherche.

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Learning Race, Learning Place

Shaping Racial Identities and Ideas in African American Childhoods

Erin N. Winkler

In an American society both increasingly diverse and increasingly segregated, the signals children receive about race are more confusing than ever. In this context, how do children negotiate and make meaning of multiple and conflicting messages to develop their own ideas about race? Learning Race, Learning Place engages this question using in-depth interviews with an economically diverse group of African American children and their mothers. Through these rich narratives, Erin N. Winkler seeks to reorient the way we look at how children develop their ideas about race through the introduction of a new framework—comprehensive racial learning—that shows the importance of considering this process from children’s points of view and listening to their interpretations of their experiences, which are often quite different from what the adults around them expect or intend. At the children’s prompting, Winkler examines the roles of multiple actors and influences, including gender, skin tone, colorblind rhetoric, peers, family, media, school, and, especially, place. She brings to the fore the complex and understudied power of place, positing that while children’s racial identities and experiences are shaped by a national construction of race, they are also specific to a particular place that exerts both direct and indirect influence on their racial identities and ideas.

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Learning the Hard Way

Masculinity, Place, and the Gender Gap in Education

Edward W. Morris

An avalanche of recent newspapers, weekly newsmagazines, scholarly journals, and academic books has helped to spark a heated debate by publishing warnings of a “boy crisis” in which male students at all academic levels have begun falling behind their female peers. In Learning the Hard Way, Edward W. Morris explores and analyzes detailed ethnographic data on this purported gender gap between boys and girls in educational achievement at two low-income high schools—one rural and predominantly white, the other urban and mostly African American. Crucial questions arose from his study of gender at these two schools. Why did boys tend to show less interest in and more defiance toward school? Why did girls significantly outperform boys at both schools? Why did people at the schools still describe boys as especially “smart”?

            Morris examines these questions and, in the process, illuminates connections of gender to race, class, and place. This book is not simply about the educational troubles of boys, but the troubled and complex experience of gender in school. It reveals how particular race, class, and geographical experiences shape masculinity and femininity in ways that affect academic performance. His findings add a new perspective to the “gender gap” in achievement.

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