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The Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand

Essays on the History and Historiography of Patani

Patrick Jory

At the heart of the on-going armed conflict in southern Thailand is a fundamental disagreement about the history of relations between the Patani Malays and the Thai kingdom.While the Thai royalist-nationalist version of history regards Patani as part of that kingdom "since time immemorial," Patani Malay nationalists look back to a golden age when the Sultanate of Patani was an independent, prosperous trading state and a renowned center for Islamic education and scholarship in Southeast Asia -- a time before it was defeated, broken up, and fell under the oppressive control of the Thai state. While still influential, in recent years these diametrically opposed views of the past have begun to make way for more nuanced and varied interpretations. Patani scholars, intellectuals and students now explore their history more freely and confidently than in the past, while the once-rigid Thai nationalist narrative is open to more pluralistic interpretations. There is growing interaction and dialogue between historians writing in Thai, Malay and English, and engagement with sources and scholarship in other languages, including Chinese and Arabic. In The Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand, thirteen historians who have worked on this sensitive region evaluate the current state of current historical writing about the Patani Malays of southern Thailand. The essays in this book demonstrate that an understanding of the conflict must take into account the historical dimensions of relations between Patani and the Thai kingdom, and the ongoing influence of these perceptions on Thai state officials, militants, and the local population.

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Global Movements, Local Concerns

Medicine and Health in Southeast Asia

edited by Laurence Monnais and Harold J. Cook

The development of medicine in Southeast Asia over the past two centuries has not been a simple imposition of European scientific medicine, but a complex and negotiated process that drew on Southeast Asian health experts, local medical traditions, and changing national and popular expectations. The contributors to this volume show how the practices of health in Southeast Asia over the past two centuries were mediated by local medical traditions, colonial interests, governments and policies, international interventions, and by a wide range of health agents and intermediaries. Their findings call into question many of the claims based on medicalization and biopolitics that treat change as a process of rupture. While governments, both colonial and national, used their powers to institute policies that affected large numbers of people, much healthcare remained rooted in a more interactive and locally-mediated experience, in which tradition, adaptation and hybridization is as important as innovation and conflict. "Semi-subaltern" Western-trained doctors adn varied traditional healers, many of them women, were among the cultural brokers involved in the building of healthcare systems, and helped circulate mixed practices and ideas about medicine and health even as they found their place in new professional and social hierarchies in an era of globalization.

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Hard Choices

Challenging the Singapore Consensus

Donald Low and Sudhir Thomas Vadaketh

The Singapore polity is changing – profoundly and probably irrevocably. The consensus that the PAP government constructed and maintained over five decades is fraying. The assumptions that underpin Singaporean exceptionalism are no longer accepted as easily and readily as before. Among these are the ideas that the country is uniquely vulnerable, that this vulnerability limits its policy and political options, that good governance demands a degree of political consensus that ordinary democratic arrangements cannot ensure, and that the country’s success requires a competitive meritocracy accompanied by relatively little income or wealth redistribution. But the policy and political conundrums that Singapore faces today are complex and defy easy answers. Confronted with a more critical and sceptical public and a political landscape that is likely to become more contested, how will politics and policymaking in Singapore evolve? What reforms should the government pursue? This collection of essays suggests that a far-reaching and radical rethinking of the country's policies and institutions is necessary, even if it weakens the very consensus that enabled Singapore to succeed in its first 50 years.

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Heroes and Revolution in Vietnam, 1948-1964

Benoît de Tréglodé

On the eve of the war against the South Vietnamese regime in 1964, the communist party strove to carve out a new productivist and political elite from the towns and villages of the country. According to a categorization of patriotic exemplarity devised by Ho Chi Minh, "avant-garde workers", "exemplary soldiers" and "new heroes" would fill the ranks of a "new model society", one in which political virtue would serve as the principle to mobilize the masses. This study present and analyzes the process by which "new heroes" were invented. It first develops a picture of what constituted heroes in Vietnamese tradition and history, and then shows how the new model, effectively a Sino-Soviet import, was imposed, only to be slowly distorted by its own cultural rationale and by specific objectives. Far from being a transitory phenomenon, this model has contributed for more than half a century to the reconstruction of the national imagination and the development of a new collective, patriotic and communist memory in Vietnam.

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A History of Korean Science and Technology

Jeon Sang-Woon

Korean science is closely related to traditional Chinese technology, but Jeon Sang-woon's A History of Science and Technology in Koreafollows a different course of development. Building on Chinese foundations, Korean scientists, engineers and technicians developed technologies that were adapted to the natural elements, seasons and climate of the Korean peninsula. the writer develops this thesis by considering the creative legacy of Korean practitioners in a number of different areas: astronomy and meteorology ("the sciences of the heavens"), metal, glass and gunpowder ("the sciences of earth and fire"), printing, geography and carography. He concludes with a comparison of science and technology in Korea and Japan, and with a discussion of important scientists active in the Choson Period. The book is filled with new information and arguments, and frequently with deep insights. Much of what the author says will be useful for professional scholars in the history of science and technology and for general historians as well, as it provides topics for academic debate and fruitful research subjects for young scholars. the lavish illustrations support the writer's thesis and are themselves part of Korea's rich artistic heritage.

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Identity and Pleasure

The Politics of Indonesian Screen Culture

Ariel Heryanto

The years following the fall of Suharto have been full of promises of liberation but also apprehension for the future. The period brought an unprecedented rise in the public profile of Islamic politics, new and public debates on past human rights violations, protracted and irrevocable divisions within the top political elite, the rise of Asian popular culture, and a digital communication revolution passionately welcomed by young Indonesians along with youths all around the world. Identity and Pleasure: The Politics of Indonesian Screen Culture critically examines what media and screen culture reveal about the ways urban-based Indonesians attempted to redefine their identity in the first decade of this century. Through a richly nuanced analysis of their expressions and representations across screen culture (cinema, television and social media), it analyses the waves of energy and optimism, and the disillusionment, disorientation and despair, that arose in the power vacuum after the dramatic collapse of the militaristic New Order government. The overall narrative provides much reason for optimism, but it also suggests that the deep reservoir of creativity that gave rise to Indonesia’s local hybrid modernities has been targeted by competing groups of modernists, who favour a narrow definition of what it means to be Indonesian.

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Impressions of the Goh Chok Tong Years in Singapore

Edited by Bridget Welsh, Jame Chin, Arun Mahizhnan and Tan Tarn How

Singapore experiences substantial changes during the 14-year tenure of the country's second Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong (1990-2004). Coming after a long period of growth and stability, the period brought to office a new generation of political leaders who faced the task of sustaining and building the policies of their predecessors. There were social and cultural initiatives and significant challenges to the economy arising from the Asian financial crisis of 1998 and the SARS outbreak in 2003. This volume examines the changes that took place during the Goh premiership and assesses its legacy. The 45 essays collected in this volume review a range of issues from domestic politics and foreign policy to economic development, society, culture, the arts and media.

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Index of Drinking Water Adequacy (IDWA)

International and Intra-national Exploration

Edited by Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and Bhanoji Rao

At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, world leaders adopted the Millennium Declaration setting out a series of Millennium Development Goals. "MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability" included the target of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water. This volume looks at access in terms of five key components and integrates them into the Index of Drinking Water Adequacy — IDWA for short. The substantive papers comprise international and intranational explorations based on IDWA estimates. Globally, IDWA estimates for 144 economies, have strong correlations with Human Development and Human Poverty Indexes and thus affirms the importance of investment in safe drinking water.

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Indonesian Women and Local Politics

Islam, Gender and Networks in Post-Suharto Indonesia

Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi

In an important social change, female Muslim political leaders in Java have enjoyed considerable success in direct local elections following the fall of Suharto in Indonesia. Indonesian Women and Local Politics shows that Islam, gender, and social networks have been decisive in their political victories. Islamic ideas concerning female leadership provide a strong religious foundation for their political campaigns. However, their approach to women's issues shows that female leaders do not necessarily adopt a woman's perspectives when formulating policies. This new trend of Muslim women in politics will continue to shape the growth and direction of democratization in local politics in post-Suharto Indonesia and will color future discourse on gender, politics, and Islam in contemporary Southeast Asia.

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Institute of Water Policy Staff Papers 2011

Edited by Seetharam Kallidaikurichi E. and

IWP Staff Papers 2011 is the first volume of an annual series showcasing innovative research papers from the staff and associates of the Institute of Water Policy (IWP) at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore (NUS). This volume contains six research papers and four case studies on various water and sanitation related topics, such as national water policy reviews, water utility performances, water and sanitation data evaluation, rural and urban water supply, and business models for sanitation provision.

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