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Contact in the 16th Century

Networks Among Fishers, Foragers and Farmers

Brad Loewen

From Labrador to Lake Ontario, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to French Acadia, and Huronia-Wendaki to Tadoussac, and from one chapter to the next, this scholarly collection of archaeological findings focuses on 16th century European goods found in Native contexts and within greater networks, forming a conceptual interplay of place and mobility. The four initial chapters are set around the Gulf of Saint Lawrence where Euro-Native contact was direct and the historical record is strongest. Contact networks radiated northward into Inuit settings where European iron nails, roofing tile fragments and ceramics are found. Glass beads are scarce on Inuit sites as well as on Basque sites on the Gulf’s north shore, but they are numerous in French Acadia. Ceramics on northern Basque sites are mostly from Spain. An historical review discusses the partnership between Spanish Basques and Saint Lawrence Iroquoians c.1540-1580. The four chapters set in the Saint Lawrence valley show Tadoussac as a fork in inland networks. Saint Lawrence Iroquoians obtained glass beads around Tadoussac before 1580. Algonquin from Lac Saint-Jean began trading at Tadoussac after that. They plied a northern route that linked to Huronia-Wendaki via the Ottawa Valley and the Frontenac Uplands. Finally, four chapters set around Lake Ontario focus on contact between this region and the Saint Lawrence valley. Huron-Wendat sites around the Kawartha Lakes show an influx of Saint Lawrence trade in the 16th century, followed by an immigration wave about 1580. Huron-Wendat sites near Toronto show an unabated inflow of Native materials from the Saint Lawrence valley; however, neutral sites west of Lake Ontario show Native and European materials arriving from the south. A review of glass bead evidence presented by various authors shows trends that cut across chapters and bring new impetus to the study of beads to discover 16th-century networks among French and Basque fishers, Inuit and Algonquian foragers and Iroquoian farmers. With contributions from Saraí Barreiro, Meghan Burchell, Claude Chapdelaine, Martin S. Cooper, Amanda Crompton, Vincent Delmas, Sergio Escribano-Ruiz, William Fox, Sarah Grant, François Guindon, Erik Langevin, Brad Loewen, Jean-François Moreau, Jean-Luc Pilon, Michel Plourde, Peter Ramsden, Lisa Rankin and Ronald F. Williamson.

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Context North America

Canadian-U.S. Literary Relations

Edited by Camille R. La Bossière

Context North America is a comparative study of Canadian and American literary relations that emphasizes the cultural and institutional contexts in which Canadian literature is taught and read. This volume exemplifies the question of how the literatures of Canada might aptly be studied and contextualized in the days of heightened discontinuity and increasingly ambiguous borderlines both between and within the many narratives that make up North America.

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Conversations with Trotsky

Earle Birney and the Radical 1930s

Edited and with an Introduction by Bruce Nesbitt

This collection presents all of Earle Birney’s known published and unpublished writings on Trotsky and Trotskyism for the very first time. It includes their correspondence as well as a selection of Birney’s letters and literary writings. 

Before he became one of Canada’s most influential and popular twentieth century poets, Earle Birney lived a double life. To his students and colleagues, he was an engaging university lecturer and scholar. But for seven years—from 1933 to 1940—the great Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was the focus of his writing and much of his life. 

During his years as a Trotskyist in Canada, the United States and England, Birney wrote extensively about Trotsky, corresponded with him, organized Trotskyist cells in two countries, and recruited on behalf of Trotskyism; he also lectured on Trotsky and interviewed him over the course of several days. One of his two novels is based on some of these activities. 

The collection traces the origins of Trotsky’s mistrust of “the British” to his experiences in Canada; shows Birney’s influence on a major shift in Trotsky’s policy of “entrism” in British politics; includes the largest body of Trotskyist criticism in Canadian literary history; and demonstrates the need for a radical re-reading of Birney’s poetry in light of his Trotskyism.

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The Copyright Pentalogy

How the Supreme Court of Canada Shook the Foundations of Canadian Copyright Law

In the summer of 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada issued rulings on five copyright cases in a single day. The cases represent a seismic shift in Canadian copyright law, with the Court providing an unequivocal affirmation that copyright exceptions such as fair dealing should be treated as users’ rights, while emphasizing the need for a technology neutral approach to copyright law. This volume represents the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the five Court decisions. Edited by Professor Michael Geist, the Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-commerce Law at the University of Ottawa, the volume includes contributions from experts from across Canada. This indispensable volume identifies the key aspects of the Court's decisions and considers the implications for the future of copyright law in Canada.

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Crippling Epistemologies and Governance Failures

A Plea for Experimentalism

Gilles Paquet

In Crippling Epistemologies and Governance Failures, Gilles Paquet criticizes the prevailing practices of the social sciences on the basis of their inadequate concepts of knowledge, evidence and inquiry, concepts he claims have become methodological “mental prisons”. Paquet describes the prevailing policy development process in Canada in terms of its weak information infrastructure, poor accountability, and inflexible organization design. In contrast, he suggests that social science and public policy should promote forms of “serious play” that would allow organizations to experiment with new structures.

Paquet engages with numerous foundationalist programs in the social sciences in order to show their inadequacy and suggests important and unexplored directions in policy areas as diverse as education, science, health, intergovernmental and foreign policy. He closes the work with a plea for experimentalism in academic research, policy development, and organization design.

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Cyberidentities

Canadian and European Presence in Cyberspace

Edited by Leen D'Haenens

This innovative study explores diverse aspects of Canadian and European identity on the information highway and reaches beyond technical issues to confront and explore communication, culture and the culture of communication.

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D'un islam textuel vers un islam contextuel

La traduction du Coran et la construction de l'image de la femme

Naïma Dib

La mise en tutelle de la musulmane est-elle cautionnée par le Coran? L'idée de l'infériorité de la femme est-elle réellement inscrite dans le Coran? Telles sont les questions auxquelles l'auteure tente de répondre dans le présent ouvrage. Elle se penche sur les diverses approches adoptées par des penseurs réformistes musulmans, dont elle expose les enjeux sociaux, politiques et culturels ainsi que les finalités. Elle procède à une analyse comparative du Coran et d'un certain nombre de traductions françaises et anglaises, à l'issue de laquelle elle fait émerger une conception de la femme et du monde différente de celle proposée par les traductions. Elle explore ensuite le discours social commun, discours auquel participe la traduction, et qui se révèle empreint d'une vision androcentrique dans laquelle l'infériorité de la femme découle d'une construction humaine, inspirée par un besoin de domination. Grâce aux analyses sémiotique et sociohistorique, l'auteur démontre que le Coran peut être lu autrement et ce qui en ressort est une conception plus égalitaire de l'homme et de la femme.

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DanceHall

From Slave Ship to Ghetto

Sonjah Stanley Niaah

DanceHall combines cultural geography, performance studies and cultural studies to examine performance culture across the Black Atlantic. Taking Jamaican dancehall music as its prime example, DanceHall reveals a complex web of cultural practices, politics, rituals, philosophies, and survival strategies that link Caribbean, African and African diasporic performance.

Combining the rhythms of reggae, digital sounds and rapid-fire DJ lyrics, dancehall music was popularized in Jamaica during the later part of the last century by artists such as Shabba Ranks, Shaggy, Beenie Man and Buju Banton. Even as its popularity grows around the world, a detailed understanding of dancehall performance space, lifestyle and meanings is missing. Author Sonjah Stanley Niaah relates how dancehall emerged from the marginalized youth culture of Kingston’s ghettos and how it remains inextricably linked to the ghetto, giving its performance culture and spaces a distinct identity. She reveals how dancehall’s migratory networks, embodied practice, institutional frameworks, and ritual practices link it to other musical styles, such as American blues, South African kwaito, and Latin American reggaetòn. She shows that dancehall is part of a legacy that reaches from the dance shrubs of West Indian plantations and the early negro churches, to the taxi-dance halls of Chicago and the ballrooms of Manhattan. Indeed, DanceHall stretches across the whole of the Black Atlantic’s geography and history to produce its detailed portrait of dancehall in its local, regional, and transnational performance spaces.

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Dans tous les sens du terme

Regards croisés sur la terminologie

Jean Quirion

La terminologie, soit l'ensemble des termes spécifiques à une science, à une technique ou à un domaine particulier de l'activité humaine, représente aujourd'hui une discipline à part entière. Elle relève aussi bien de la linguistique, dans le cadre de l’analyse du discours spécialisé, que de la logique et des sciences et techniques, dans son rapport à l’objet décrit. Ce livre, dans lequel des spécialistes de divers domaines dressent un panorama de cette discipline en évolution, explore ainsi les multiples approches – actuelles ou émergentes – de la terminologie. On y découvre ses filiations avec de nombreux champs du savoir, dont la communication, la sociologie, la linguistique informatique, les technologies modernes et la documentation. L’ouvrage, qui approfondit certaines questions contemporaines, se veut également une nouvelle introduction à la terminologie ainsi qu’un repère pour se retrouver dans les différentes voies de recherche terminologiques et les applications contemporaines de cette discipline. Il intéressera tout lecteur curieux des faits de langue et des vocabulaires spécialisés.

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De France en Nouvelle-France

Société fondatrice et société nouvelle

Sous la direction de Hubert Watelet

Spécialiste des élites politiques de la Nouvelle-France, et de leurs origines familiales et sociales, le professeur Jean-Claude Dubé, de l’Université d’Ottawa, s’est fait connaître par l’originalité de ses travaux et son double intérêt pour la France de l’Ancien Régime et la colonie. Conçu dans un perspective large qui est celle de Jean-Claude Dubé lui-même, cet ouvrage est celui d’un groupe d’amis qui, des deux côtés de l’Atlantique, ont voulu lui rendre hommage en lui offrant une série d’études de choix. S’étendant du politique au religieux, ces contributions tantôt neuves, tantôt longuement mûries et parfois provocantes, permettent en même temps d’établir des relations entre les deux sociétés métropolitaine et coloniale.

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