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Au fil des ans

L'Union catholique des fermières de la province d'Ontario de 1936 à 1945

Estelle Huneault

L’Union catholiques des fermières de la province d’Ontario, connue aujourd’hui sous le nom de l’Union culturelle des Franco-Ontariennes, est, depuis soixante ans, très active dans les milieux francophones ontariens. Dans cet ouvrage, Estelle Huneault a étudié un domaine peu exploré concernant les circonstances qui ont amené les femmes rurales franco-ontariennes des années trente à se regrouper dans une association autonome, francophone et catholique. Elle a brillamment démontré que les luttes de pouvoir entre la hiérarchie catholique et les dirigeants de l’État québécois ont eu des répercussions sur l’organisation et sur les orientations qui ont été prises par l’Union catholique des fermières en Ontario, association fondée en vue de favoriser l’émancipation de cette catégorie des femmes. Adoptant une approche féministe matérialiste, l’analyse de l’auteure a permis de constater que les pouvoirs étatiques et ecclésiastiques se sont approprié le mouvement des femmes rurales franco-ontariennes pour en faire une organisation répondant à leurs conceptions du rôle des femmes dans la société.

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Au service du Canada

Histoire du Royal Military College depuis la Deuxième Guerre mondiale

Richard Preston

En 1965, le Canada reçut son nouveau drapeau ; ce événement reflétait les grands changements qui s’étaient produits au cours des vingt années qui avaient suivi la Deuxième Guerre mondiale : la société canadienne était devenue hautement industrialisée, à l’avant-garde de la technologie et cosmopolite. Ce nouveau drapeau s’inspirait de celui qui flottait depuis des années au Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), ce qui lui donnait, par le fait même, une signification qui allait bien au-delà du simple souci esthétique, le développement du RMC étant intimement lié à celui du Canada. Durant les quarante dernières années, le RMC a su s’adapter à plusieurs changements. C’est ainsi que, devenant un lieu d’apprentissage privilégié et l’une des plus importantes universités du pays, il a formé des officiers professionnels de carrière. Le RMC a su relever les défis que représentaient, entre autres, l’intégration militaire et l’unification des forces, le bilinguisme, l’émergence du Collège militaire royal et du Royal Roads Military College, l’arrivée des femmes dans des rôles non traditionnels, les aspects culturels changeants du Canada et la montée fulgurante des nouvelles technologies. Dans un monde où les préceptes de la vie militaire apparaissent de plus en plus abstraits, la compétition constante que se livrent les candidats désirant être admis au RMC est la preuve irréfutable de sa pérennité comme lieu de savoir et de leadership.

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Aux origines de l'identité franco-ontarien

Éducation, culture, économie

Chad Gaffield

Durant les années 1880, les francophones de l’est de l’Ontario ont formulé une définition de leur communauté à la fois enracinée dans le passé et issue de circonstance contemporaines. En effet, c’est par suite de la controverse sur la langue d’enseignement en Ontario qu’émergeait l’identité franco-ontarienne. À partir de 1830, l’est de l’Ontario, surtout le comté de Prescott, est le point de jonction géographique des Canadas anglais et français, la boucle de la ceinture bilingue. Ainsi, l’immigration en provenance du Québec transforme cette région, d’une zone frontière où vit une population anglophone clairsemée, en un secteur à majorité francophone. Dès lors, toute l’attention de la province se tourne vers ce comté ; la controverse sur la langue d’enseignement s’intensifie particulièrement après 1885, alors que le gouvernement ontarien adopte une série de mesures destinées à restreindre l’utilisation du français dans les écoles de la province. Chad Gaffield examine ici la question linguistique par rapport à l’histoire sociale et à l’identité culturelle de l’est de l’Ontario. Il compare directement les écrits des autorités et des divers dirigeants sociaux au XIXe siècle en Ontario avec les opinions et l’expérience réelles des résidents de cette région.

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Between Actor and Presence

The European Union and the Future for the Transatlantic Relationship

Edited by George A. MacLean

This collection of essays situates Canadian interests within the larger context of political change taking place in Europe and provides a context for the changing nature of this historical relationship and the relative influence of existing institutions.

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The Black Hole of Public Administration

Ruth Hubbard & Gilles Paquet

Public administration in Canada needs to change. A handful of scholars across Canada have been sounding the alarm for years but to no avail. Talented young bureaucrats have been joining the public service with fresh ideas capable of creating real change, but the black hole consumes all.

In The Black Hole of Public Administration, experienced public servant Ruth Hubbard and public administration iconoclast Gilles Paquet sound a wake-up call to the federal public service. They lament the lack of “serious play” going on in Canada’s public administration today and map some possible escape plans. They look to a more participatory governance model – “open source” governing or “small g” governance – as a way to liberate our public service from antiquated styles and systems of governing.

In their recognizably rebellious style, Hubbard and Paquet demand that public administration scholars and senior level bureaucrats pull their heads out of the sand and confront the problems of the current system and develop a new system that can address the needs of Canada today.

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Bliss Carman

A Reappraisal

Edited and with an introduction by Gerald Lynch

The tarnished reputation of this turn-of-the-century poet is persuasively burnished anew by fifteen scholars, editors, and poets.

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The Blue Shirts

Adrien Arcand and Fascist Anti-Semitism in Canada

Hugues Théorêt

While Adolf Hitler was seizing power in Germany, Adrien Arcand was laying the foundations in Quebec for his Parti national social chrétien. The Blue Shirts, as its members were called, wore a military uniform and prominently displayed the swastika. Arcand saw Jewish conspiracy wherever he turned and his views resonated with his followers who, like him, sought a scapegoat for all the ills eroding society.

Even after his imprisonment during the Second World War, the fanatical Adrien Arcand continued his correspondence with those on the frontlines of anti-semitism. Until his death in 1967, he pursued his campaign of propaganda against communists and Jews.

Hugues Théorêt describes a dark period in Quebec’s ideological history using an objective approach and careful, rigorous research in this book, which won the 2015 Canada Prize (Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences).

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The Bold and the Brave

A History of Women in Science and Engineering

Monique Frize

The Bold and the Brave investigates how women have striven throughout history to gain access to education and careers in science and engineering. Author Monique Frize, herself an engineer for over 40 years, introduces the reader to key concepts and debates that contextualize the obstacles women have faced and continue to face in the fields of science and engineering. She focuses on the history of women’s education in mathematics and science through the ages, from antiquity to the Enlightenment. While opportunities for women were often purposely limited, she reveals how many women found ways to explore science outside of formal education. The book examines the lives and work of three women –Sophie Germain, Mileva Einstein, and Rosalind Franklin – that provide excellent examples of how women’s contributions to science have been dismissed, ignored or stolen outright. She concludes with an in-depth look at women’s participation in science and engineering throughout the twentieth century and the current status of women in science and engineering, which has experienced a decline in recent years. To encourage more young women to pursue careers in science and engineering she advocates re-gendering the fields by integrating feminine and masculine approaches that would ultimately improve scientific and engineering endeavours.

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Bolder Flights

Essays on the Canadian Long Poem

Edited and with a preface by Frank M. Tierney and Angela Robbeson

A growing number of literary historians and critics now recognize the contemporary long poem as a distinctively Canadian genre. This collection of essays leads the reader to a deeper understanding of Canadian literary cultures in terms of their local intimacies and idiosyncrasies as well as in their national contexts.

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Borderlands

Comparing Border Security in North America and Europe

Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly

Border security has been high on public-policy agendas in Europe and North America since the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York City and on the headquarters of the American military in Washington DC. Governments are now confronted with managing secure borders, a policy objective that in this era of increased free trade and globalization must compete with intense cross-border flows of people and goods. Border-security policies must enable security personnel to identify, or filter out, dangerous individuals and substances from among the millions of travelers and tons of goods that cross borders daily, particularly in large cross-border urban regions. This book addresses this gap between security needs and an understanding of borders and borderlands. Specifically, the chapters in this volume ask policy-makers to recognize that two fundamental elements define borders and borderlands: first, human activities (the agency and agent power of individual ties and forces spanning a border), and second, the broader social processes that frame individual action, such as market forces, government activities (law, regulations, and policies), and the regional culture and politics of a borderland. Borders emerge as the historically and geographically variable expression of human ties exercised within social structures of varying force and influence, and it is the interplay and interdependence between people's incentives to act and the surrounding structures (i.e. constructed social processes that contain and constrain individual action) that determine the effectiveness of border security policies. This book argues that the nature of borders is to be porous, which is a problem for security policy makers. It shows that when for economic, cultural, or political reasons human activities increase across a border and borderland, governments need to increase cooperation and collaboration with regard to security policies, if only to avoid implementing mismatched security policies.

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