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Geleerd in de tropen

Leuven, Congo & de wetenschap, 1885-1960

Ruben Mantels

Van de dagen van Leopold II tot de dag dat koning Boudewijn Congo onafhankelijk verklaarde, was de Leuvense universiteit actief in de kolonie. Hoogleraren en onderzoekers ondernamen tropische expedities en volgden de veranderende kennis van Congo in Leuven op. Belgische studenten voegden zich bij de ontdekkingsreizen van Stanley, namen deel aan de exploitatie van Katanga of sympathiseerden met de onafhankelijkheidsstrijd. In die strijd speelde Leuven een voortrekkersrol met de Lovanium-universiteit die zij nabij Leopoldstad oprichtte. Op basis van archiefonderzoek en interviews brengt Ruben Mantels een intrigerend portret van Lovanium, de universiteit onder de tropenzon. Mantels beschrijft het dagelijks leven op de campus, verhaalt van tropische carrières en portretteert de eerste generatie Congolese intellectuelen. Geleerd in de tropen is een geschiedenis van een universiteit en een kolonie, van 'blanken' en 'zwarten', van kolonisatie en dekolonisatie. Het vertelt over de faam van koloniale helden en over de pioniers van Lovanium en doet dit in een aantrekkelijke stijl, met een ruime keuze aan origineel beeldmateriaal.

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Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe

Beyond the Feminization Thesis

Patrick Pasture; Jan Art (eds)

Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, and the churches themselves have reacted to the association of religion and femininity, often formulated by their critics, by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. In this book the authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches with regard to Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, the authors capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.

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Gids van Landbouwarchieven in België, 1795-2000

Wim Lefebvre; Christa Matthys

De Belgische landbouw onderging de voorbije twee eeuwen grondige transformaties. Hiervan blijven in verschillende archieven sporen bewaard. Toch komen in de agrarische geschiedschrijving slechts een beperkt aantal onderwerpen aan bod. Eén van de redenen hiervoor is de geringe kennis omtrent het bestaan en de inhoud van landbouwarchieven in België. Deze gids is een wegwijzer in het Belgische archieflandschap voor al wie interesse heeft in de landbouwgeschiedenis van België en Belgisch-Congo. Hij beschrijft systematisch een brede waaier aan openbare en private instellingen en organisaties die dienst doen als archiefbewaarplaats en voorziet in de nodige contactgegevens. Per bewaarplaats geeft de gids een kritisch overzicht van de landbouwgerelateerde bestanden. Toegangen en eventuele literatuur worden steeds geciteerd. Een uitgebreide index maakt thematisch zoeken mogelijk. Hoewel agrarische archieven centraal staan, kan deze gids ook zijn nut bewijzen voor wie zich bezighoudt met lokale of koloniale geschiedenis, geschiedenis van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek, van de Wereldoorlogen, enz.

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The Global Horizon

Expectations of Migration in Africa and the Middle East

Knut Graw; Samuli Schielke (eds)

Although contemporary migration in and from Africa can be understood as a continuation of earlier forms of interregional and international migration, current processes of migration seem to have taken on a new quality. This volume argues that one of the main reasons for this is the fact that local worlds are increasingly measured against a set of possibilities whose referents are global, not local. Due to this globalization of the personal and societal horizons of possibilities in Africa and elsewhere, in many contexts migration gains an almost inevitable attraction while, at the same time, actual migration becomes increasingly restricted. Based on detailed ethnographic accounts, the contributors to this volume focus on the imaginations, expectations, and motivations that propel the pursuit of migration. Decentring the focus of much of migration studies on the ‘receiving societies', the volume foregrounds the subjective aspect of migration and explores the impact which the imagination and practice of migration have on the sociocultural conditions of the various local settings concerned.

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Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology

Aaron N. Shugar, Jennifer L. Mass

Over the last decade the technique of X-ray fluorescence has evolved, from dependence on laboratory-based standalone units to field use of portable and lightweight handheld devices. These portable instruments have given researchers in art conservation and archaeology the opportunity to study a broad range of materials with greater accessibility and flexibility than ever before. In addition, the low relative cost of handheld XRF has led many museums, academic institutions, and cultural centres to invest in the devices for routine materials analysis purposes. Although these instruments often greatly simplify data collection, proper selection of analysis conditions and interpretation of the data still require an understanding of the principles of x-ray spectroscopy. These instruments are often marketed and used as ‘point and shoot' solutions; however, their inexpert use can easily generate deceptive or erroneous results. This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld XRF in art conservation and archaeology. The papers deal with experimental methodologies, protocols, and possibilities of handheld XRF analysis in dealing with the complexity of materials encountered in this research.

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Haven in de branding

De economische ontwikkeling van de Antwerpse haven vanaf 1900

Reginald Loyen

De haven van Antwerpen telt vandaag de dag 65.000 voltijdse banen en genereert bijna 3% van het bruto binnenlands product. Over de manier waarop dit economische complex tot stand kwam, is maar weinig bekend – behalve dat er sinds 150 jaar een bijna explosieve groei moet hebben plaatsgevonden. Haven in de branding analyseert voor het eerst het tijdspad,de oorzaken en gevolgen van deze groei op basis van de goederen-stromen en de toegevoegde-waardecreatie. Zo wordt de waarde van de Antwerpse staaltrafiek verduidelijkt, net als de impact van de tonnage balans, de mythe van de ‘spoorweghaven Antwerpen’ en het ‘Belgische’ karakter van de overslag. Ook de groei bij inter-nationale concurrenten Rotterdam en Hamburg komt aan bod. Centraal staat de vraag hoe de haven van Antwerpen goederen-stromen kon aantrekken. Was de haven gelijk een rots in de branding overgeleverd aan de grillen van de stroming, of hadden havenarbeiders en havenbestuurders invloed op de richting en de sterkte van de stroom?

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Henrici de Gandavo Summa (Quaestiones ordinariae) art. LIII-LV

G. Wilson, G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

Critical study of the ‘second part’ of Henry’s Summa devoted to the Persons of the Trinity. Henry of Ghent’s Summa, art. 53-55, was composed shortly after Christmas of 1281, at the height of Henry’s teaching career in the Theology Faculty at the University in Paris. These questions, which begin the ‘second part’ of his Summa, are devoted to the Persons of the Trinity. They contain Henry’s philosophical analyses of the theoretical concepts person, relation, and universals. The text has been reconstructed based upon manuscripts copied from a first and second Parisian university exemplar. In the critical study that precedes the Latin text, the editors argue that the manuscript, Biblioteca VATICANA, Borghese 17, which contains the texts of these articles and which has, in the latter part of this manuscript, many of the features of an exemplar divided into pecia, could not have been the exemplar divided into pecia for these particular articles. The volume concludes with the typical tables.

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Henrici de Gandavo Summa

Quaestiones ordinariae art. XLVII-LII

Markus L. Führer (ed.)

Volume 30 of the Henrici de Gandavo Opera Omnia series is devoted to Henry’s Summa quaestionum ordinariarum, articles 47-52. This section of Henry’s Summa deals with the action of the (divine) will; the divine will in relation to the divine intellect; divine beatitude; passion in relation to the divine being; the differences between the divine attributes; and the order of the divine attributes. The critical edition of the text is accompanied by a detailed introduction to the manuscripts and to Henry’s sources.

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Henricus de Gandavo Quodlibet IV

G. Wilson ; G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

Henry of Ghent, the most influential philosopher/theologian of the last quarter of the 13th century at Paris, delivered his fourth Quodlibet during 1279. This Quodlibet was written at the beginning of what could be called the height of his career. In total there are 37 questions, which cover a wide range of topics, including theories in theology, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophical anthropology, ethics, and canon law. In these questions Henry presents his mature thought concerning the number of human substantial forms in which he counters the claims of the defenders of Thomas Aquinas, particularly those in Giles of Lessines’s De unitate formae, but also those found in Giles of Rome’s Contra Gradus. He is critical of Thomas Aquinas’s theories concerning human knowledge, the ‘more’ and the ‘less,’ and virtue. He also is critical of Bonaventure’s analysis of Augustine’s notion of rationes seminales. There are 33 known manuscripts which contain the text of Quodlibet IV, and the critical text is reconstructed based upon manuscripts known to have been in Henry’s school, as well as manuscripts copied from two successive university exemplars in Paris.

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Henry of Ghent: Metaphysics and the Trinity

With a Critical Edition of Question Six of Article Fifty-Five of the Summa Quaestionum Ordinariarum

Juan Carlos Flores

The book elucidates Henry of Ghent's philosophical and theological system with special reference to his trinitarian writings. It demonstrates the fundamental role of the Trinity in Henry's philosophy and theology. It also shows how Henry (d. 1293), the most influential theologian of his day at Paris, developed the Augustinian tradition in seminal ways in response to the Aristotelian tradition, especially Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274).

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