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Francisci de Marchia Q13-27

Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 13-27

T. Suarez-Nani ; W. Duba; E. Babey ; G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

The texts edited in this volume deal with angelology and anthropology, and particularly with the nature and the functions of immaterial substances like angels and the human rational soul. Marchia discusses such controversial issues as universal hylomorphism, i.e., whether angels and the rational soul are composed of both matter and form (q. 13), the immortality of the soul (qq. 18-19), and the nature and the object of the intellect and will (qq. 20, 21), as well as the functionality of the angelic intellect - whether angels understand through discursive reasoning (q. 23), and how they can speak with each other (q. 26). The problematic nature of the relationship between the material and the immaterial is approached through asking whether an angel can produce a material object (q. 22) and whether a material object can be the source of an angel's understanding of that object (q. 25). A particularly interesting treatment concerns how angels, immaterial substances, can be in a place (q. 16); this treatment includes Marchia's attempt to provide a physical theory explaining why an angel cannot move over some distance instantaneously. Throughout these fifteen questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the best minds of the later Middle Ages, not only major figures of the thirteenth century like Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome but also fourteenth-century authors like John Duns Scotus, Hervaeus Natalis, Walter Burley, and Peter Auriol.

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Freud au cas par cas

Lectures philosophiques des cas freudiens

Gilles Ribault (ed.)

Etudes philosophiques des cas freudiens. Dora, l’Homme aux rats, Hans, le Président Schreber, l’Homme aux loups… les cas freudiens sont célèbres, mais que sont-ils vraiment : des aperçus biographiques ? Des récits de cure ? On y a longtemps vu des témoignages de la manière dont les théories freudiennes ont « jailli » de l’expérience clinique. Les articles de ce recueil y font voir autre chose : des échantillons d’une pensée qui s’essaie, se met à l’épreuve, se corrige et se réinvente sans cesse ; des analyses qui interrogent la tension toujours précaire entre le normal et le pathologique. Psychanalyse et philosophie se rencontrent ici : qu’est-ce que bien vivre ? Etre en bonne santé, sans doute, s’il est vrai, comme l’affirme Freud, qu’il n’y a d’âme qu’incarnée. Mais existe-t-il une santé de l’âme ? Que serait une santé qui soit autant psychique que corporelle ? Les commentaires des grands cas freudiens réunis dans ce volume circulent à travers l'oeuvre fondatrice de la psychanalyse en questionnant autant qu'en instruisant.

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From Eckhart to Ruusbroec

Satoshi Kikuchi

The mystical relationship between Meister Eckhart and Jan van Ruusbroec. In this thorough textual, historical, and doctrinal study the author seeks to clarify the relationship between two prominent mystics of the fourteenth century: Meister Eckhart, the German Dominican, and Jan van Ruusbroec, the Brabantine Augustinian. Special attention is paid to Ruusbroec’s criticism of mystical tenets circulating in Brabant at that time which were both textually and doctrinally related to Eckhart’s condemned propositions in the papal bull In agro dominico. This fact implies that Ruusbroec was confronted with the impact of the condemnation of Eckhart’s doctrines on the people in Brabant. Situating Ruusbroec’s life and works within the aftermath of Eckhart’s arrival, the author elucidates Ruusbroec’s position regarding the relevant mystical themes in the later Middle Ages, and follows a process of critical inheritance of mystical tradition from Eckhart to Ruusbroec.

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Geleerd in de tropen

Leuven, Congo & de wetenschap, 1885-1960

Ruben Mantels

Van de dagen van Leopold II tot de dag dat koning Boudewijn Congo onafhankelijk verklaarde, was de Leuvense universiteit actief in de kolonie. Hoogleraren en onderzoekers ondernamen tropische expedities en volgden de veranderende kennis van Congo in Leuven op. Belgische studenten voegden zich bij de ontdekkingsreizen van Stanley, namen deel aan de exploitatie van Katanga of sympathiseerden met de onafhankelijkheidsstrijd. In die strijd speelde Leuven een voortrekkersrol met de Lovanium-universiteit die zij nabij Leopoldstad oprichtte. Op basis van archiefonderzoek en interviews brengt Ruben Mantels een intrigerend portret van Lovanium, de universiteit onder de tropenzon. Mantels beschrijft het dagelijks leven op de campus, verhaalt van tropische carrières en portretteert de eerste generatie Congolese intellectuelen. Geleerd in de tropen is een geschiedenis van een universiteit en een kolonie, van 'blanken' en 'zwarten', van kolonisatie en dekolonisatie. Het vertelt over de faam van koloniale helden en over de pioniers van Lovanium en doet dit in een aantrekkelijke stijl, met een ruime keuze aan origineel beeldmateriaal.

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Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe

Beyond the Feminization Thesis

Patrick Pasture; Jan Art (eds)

Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, and the churches themselves have reacted to the association of religion and femininity, often formulated by their critics, by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. In this book the authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches with regard to Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, the authors capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.

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Gids van Landbouwarchieven in België, 1795-2000

Wim Lefebvre; Christa Matthys

De Belgische landbouw onderging de voorbije twee eeuwen grondige transformaties. Hiervan blijven in verschillende archieven sporen bewaard. Toch komen in de agrarische geschiedschrijving slechts een beperkt aantal onderwerpen aan bod. Eén van de redenen hiervoor is de geringe kennis omtrent het bestaan en de inhoud van landbouwarchieven in België. Deze gids is een wegwijzer in het Belgische archieflandschap voor al wie interesse heeft in de landbouwgeschiedenis van België en Belgisch-Congo. Hij beschrijft systematisch een brede waaier aan openbare en private instellingen en organisaties die dienst doen als archiefbewaarplaats en voorziet in de nodige contactgegevens. Per bewaarplaats geeft de gids een kritisch overzicht van de landbouwgerelateerde bestanden. Toegangen en eventuele literatuur worden steeds geciteerd. Een uitgebreide index maakt thematisch zoeken mogelijk. Hoewel agrarische archieven centraal staan, kan deze gids ook zijn nut bewijzen voor wie zich bezighoudt met lokale of koloniale geschiedenis, geschiedenis van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek, van de Wereldoorlogen, enz.

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The Global Horizon

Expectations of Migration in Africa and the Middle East

Knut Graw; Samuli Schielke (eds)

Although contemporary migration in and from Africa can be understood as a continuation of earlier forms of interregional and international migration, current processes of migration seem to have taken on a new quality. This volume argues that one of the main reasons for this is the fact that local worlds are increasingly measured against a set of possibilities whose referents are global, not local. Due to this globalization of the personal and societal horizons of possibilities in Africa and elsewhere, in many contexts migration gains an almost inevitable attraction while, at the same time, actual migration becomes increasingly restricted. Based on detailed ethnographic accounts, the contributors to this volume focus on the imaginations, expectations, and motivations that propel the pursuit of migration. Decentring the focus of much of migration studies on the ‘receiving societies', the volume foregrounds the subjective aspect of migration and explores the impact which the imagination and practice of migration have on the sociocultural conditions of the various local settings concerned.

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Grand Hotel Abyss

Desire, Recognition and the Restoration of the Subject

Vladimir Safatle

Long-expected translation of the Portuguese academic bestseller Grande Hotel Abismo. In the last two decades recognition - arguably one of the most central notions of the dialectical tradition since Hegel - has once again become a crucial philosophical theme. Nevertheless, the new theories of recognition fail to provide room for reflection on transformation processes in politics and morality. This book aims to recover the disruptive nature of the dialectical tradition by means of a severe critique of the dominance of an anthropology of the individual identity in contemporary theories of recognition. This critique implies a thorough rethinking of basic concepts such as desire, negativity, will and drive, with Hegel, Lacan and Adorno being our main guides. The Marxist philosopher György Lukács said that the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, etc.) left us with nothing but negativity towards the state of the world. Their work failed to open up a concrete possibility of practical engagement in this world. All too eager to describe the impasses of reason, the Frankfurt philosphers remained trapped in a metaphorical Grand Hotel Abyss (Grand Hotel Abgrund). It was as living and being guardian of lettered civilization in a beautiful and melancholy grand hotel, of which the balconies face a gaping abyss. But perhaps in this way Lukács gave – and no doubt without realizing it himself – a perfect definition of contemporary philosophy, namely to confront chaos, to peer into what appears to a certain rationality as an abyss and to feel good about it. Touching Hegelian dialectics, critical theory and psychoanalysis, Grand Hotel Abyss gives a new meaning to the notion of negativity as the first essential step for rethinking political and moral engagement.

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Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology

Aaron N. Shugar, Jennifer L. Mass

Over the last decade the technique of X-ray fluorescence has evolved, from dependence on laboratory-based standalone units to field use of portable and lightweight handheld devices. These portable instruments have given researchers in art conservation and archaeology the opportunity to study a broad range of materials with greater accessibility and flexibility than ever before. In addition, the low relative cost of handheld XRF has led many museums, academic institutions, and cultural centres to invest in the devices for routine materials analysis purposes. Although these instruments often greatly simplify data collection, proper selection of analysis conditions and interpretation of the data still require an understanding of the principles of x-ray spectroscopy. These instruments are often marketed and used as ‘point and shoot' solutions; however, their inexpert use can easily generate deceptive or erroneous results. This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld XRF in art conservation and archaeology. The papers deal with experimental methodologies, protocols, and possibilities of handheld XRF analysis in dealing with the complexity of materials encountered in this research.

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Haven in de branding

De economische ontwikkeling van de Antwerpse haven vanaf 1900

Reginald Loyen

De haven van Antwerpen telt vandaag de dag 65.000 voltijdse banen en genereert bijna 3% van het bruto binnenlands product. Over de manier waarop dit economische complex tot stand kwam, is maar weinig bekend – behalve dat er sinds 150 jaar een bijna explosieve groei moet hebben plaatsgevonden. Haven in de branding analyseert voor het eerst het tijdspad,de oorzaken en gevolgen van deze groei op basis van de goederen-stromen en de toegevoegde-waardecreatie. Zo wordt de waarde van de Antwerpse staaltrafiek verduidelijkt, net als de impact van de tonnage balans, de mythe van de ‘spoorweghaven Antwerpen’ en het ‘Belgische’ karakter van de overslag. Ook de groei bij inter-nationale concurrenten Rotterdam en Hamburg komt aan bod. Centraal staat de vraag hoe de haven van Antwerpen goederen-stromen kon aantrekken. Was de haven gelijk een rots in de branding overgeleverd aan de grillen van de stroming, of hadden havenarbeiders en havenbestuurders invloed op de richting en de sterkte van de stroom?

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