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Leuven University Press

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Leuven University Press

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Results 41-50 of 137

Fate, Providence and Moral Responsibility in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Thought Cover

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Fate, Providence and Moral Responsibility in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Thought

Studies in Honour of Carlos Steel

Pieter d'Hoine ; Gerd Van Riel (eds)

Essays on key moments in the intellectual history of the West. This book forms a major contribution to the discussion on fate, providence and moral responsibility in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and Early Modern times. Through 37 original papers, renowned scholars from many different countries, as well as a number of young and promising researchers, write the history of the philosophical problems of freedom and determinism since its origins in pre-socratic philosophy up to the seventeenth century. The main focus points are classic Antiquity (Plato and Aristotle), the Neoplatonic synthesis of late Antiquity (Plotinus, Proclus, Simplicius), and thirteenth-century scholasticism (Thomas Aquinas, Henry of Ghent). They do not only represent key moments in the intellectual history of the West, but are also the central figures and periods to which Carlos Steel, the dedicatary of this volume, has devoted his philosophical career.

The Forgotten Contribution of the Teaching Sisters Cover

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The Forgotten Contribution of the Teaching Sisters

A Historiographical Essay on the Educational Work of Catholic Women Religious in the 19th and 20th Centuries

Marc Depaepe, Frank Simon, Bart Hellinckx

For far too long Catholic teaching sisters have been denied their rightful place in the history of education. It is only during the past twenty-five years that researchers in many countries have begun to reveal the fundamental role played by these women in the schooling of children of both the masses and the elite during the 19th and 20th centuries. This essay provides for the first time a detailed overview of the historiography of the teaching sisters in Western Europe, North America, Latin America and Australasia, surveying scholarship since 1985. It reviews the literature on six major themes: contribution to schooling, teaching orders and schools, educational philosophy, content and practice, life and lived experience of teachers and students, the professionalization of teaching, and changes in the composition of the teaching staff. Very rich in bibliographical references, this book is indispensable for all further research on this significant but underexplored group of women teachers.

Francisci de Marchia Q1-12 Cover

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Francisci de Marchia Q1-12

Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 1-12

T. Suarez-Nani T., W. Duba, T. Babey, G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

This commentary exists in two versions: The major version is contained in 17 manuscripts and the critical edition of it is being prepared by a team of specialists led by Prof. Tiziana Suarez-Nani of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. A minor version is found in one Vatican manuscript and is being edited by Prof. Em. Girard J. Etzkorn. The texts edited in this volume all deal with creation, and investigate such central philosophical and theological issues as action, production, and causality, being and nothingness, the nature of time, God’s relation to the world he created, and the distinction between God’s creation and God’s conservation of the world. Typical of this section of Sentences commentaries is a discussion of the eternity of the world (q. 12), in which Marchia defends the (counterfactual) possibility of the world’s eternality as well as the possibility of an actual infinite. Somewhat more unusual for this part of a medieval Sentences commentary is Marchia’s highly detailed discussion of the problem of universals and the validity of syllogistic argumentation, all of this part of Marchia’s attempt to determine whether creation can be demonstrated about God (q. 1). Throughout these twelve questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the later Middle Ages’ best minds, including Peter Auriol, Durand of St. Pourçain, John Duns Scotus, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome.

Francisci de Marchia Q13-27 Cover

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Francisci de Marchia Q13-27

Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 13-27

T. Suarez-Nani ; W. Duba; E. Babey ; G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

The texts edited in this volume deal with angelology and anthropology, and particularly with the nature and the functions of immaterial substances like angels and the human rational soul. Marchia discusses such controversial issues as universal hylomorphism, i.e., whether angels and the rational soul are composed of both matter and form (q. 13), the immortality of the soul (qq. 18-19), and the nature and the object of the intellect and will (qq. 20, 21), as well as the functionality of the angelic intellect - whether angels understand through discursive reasoning (q. 23), and how they can speak with each other (q. 26). The problematic nature of the relationship between the material and the immaterial is approached through asking whether an angel can produce a material object (q. 22) and whether a material object can be the source of an angel's understanding of that object (q. 25). A particularly interesting treatment concerns how angels, immaterial substances, can be in a place (q. 16); this treatment includes Marchia's attempt to provide a physical theory explaining why an angel cannot move over some distance instantaneously. Throughout these fifteen questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the best minds of the later Middle Ages, not only major figures of the thirteenth century like Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome but also fourteenth-century authors like John Duns Scotus, Hervaeus Natalis, Walter Burley, and Peter Auriol.

Geleerd in de tropen Cover

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Geleerd in de tropen

Leuven, Congo & de wetenschap, 1885-1960

Ruben Mantels

Van de dagen van Leopold II tot de dag dat koning Boudewijn Congo onafhankelijk verklaarde, was de Leuvense universiteit actief in de kolonie. Hoogleraren en onderzoekers ondernamen tropische expedities en volgden de veranderende kennis van Congo in Leuven op. Belgische studenten voegden zich bij de ontdekkingsreizen van Stanley, namen deel aan de exploitatie van Katanga of sympathiseerden met de onafhankelijkheidsstrijd. In die strijd speelde Leuven een voortrekkersrol met de Lovanium-universiteit die zij nabij Leopoldstad oprichtte. Op basis van archiefonderzoek en interviews brengt Ruben Mantels een intrigerend portret van Lovanium, de universiteit onder de tropenzon. Mantels beschrijft het dagelijks leven op de campus, verhaalt van tropische carrières en portretteert de eerste generatie Congolese intellectuelen. Geleerd in de tropen is een geschiedenis van een universiteit en een kolonie, van 'blanken' en 'zwarten', van kolonisatie en dekolonisatie. Het vertelt over de faam van koloniale helden en over de pioniers van Lovanium en doet dit in een aantrekkelijke stijl, met een ruime keuze aan origineel beeldmateriaal.

Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe Cover

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Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe

Beyond the Feminization Thesis

Patrick Pasture; Jan Art (eds)

Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, and the churches themselves have reacted to the association of religion and femininity, often formulated by their critics, by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. In this book the authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches with regard to Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, the authors capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.

Gids van Landbouwarchieven in België, 1795-2000 Cover

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Gids van Landbouwarchieven in België, 1795-2000

Wim Lefebvre; Christa Matthys

De Belgische landbouw onderging de voorbije twee eeuwen grondige transformaties. Hiervan blijven in verschillende archieven sporen bewaard. Toch komen in de agrarische geschiedschrijving slechts een beperkt aantal onderwerpen aan bod. Eén van de redenen hiervoor is de geringe kennis omtrent het bestaan en de inhoud van landbouwarchieven in België. Deze gids is een wegwijzer in het Belgische archieflandschap voor al wie interesse heeft in de landbouwgeschiedenis van België en Belgisch-Congo. Hij beschrijft systematisch een brede waaier aan openbare en private instellingen en organisaties die dienst doen als archiefbewaarplaats en voorziet in de nodige contactgegevens. Per bewaarplaats geeft de gids een kritisch overzicht van de landbouwgerelateerde bestanden. Toegangen en eventuele literatuur worden steeds geciteerd. Een uitgebreide index maakt thematisch zoeken mogelijk. Hoewel agrarische archieven centraal staan, kan deze gids ook zijn nut bewijzen voor wie zich bezighoudt met lokale of koloniale geschiedenis, geschiedenis van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek, van de Wereldoorlogen, enz.

The Global Horizon Cover

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The Global Horizon

Expectations of Migration in Africa and the Middle East

Knut Graw; Samuli Schielke (eds)

Although contemporary migration in and from Africa can be understood as a continuation of earlier forms of interregional and international migration, current processes of migration seem to have taken on a new quality. This volume argues that one of the main reasons for this is the fact that local worlds are increasingly measured against a set of possibilities whose referents are global, not local. Due to this globalization of the personal and societal horizons of possibilities in Africa and elsewhere, in many contexts migration gains an almost inevitable attraction while, at the same time, actual migration becomes increasingly restricted. Based on detailed ethnographic accounts, the contributors to this volume focus on the imaginations, expectations, and motivations that propel the pursuit of migration. Decentring the focus of much of migration studies on the ‘receiving societies', the volume foregrounds the subjective aspect of migration and explores the impact which the imagination and practice of migration have on the sociocultural conditions of the various local settings concerned.

Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology Cover

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Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology

Aaron N. Shugar, Jennifer L. Mass

Over the last decade the technique of X-ray fluorescence has evolved, from dependence on laboratory-based standalone units to field use of portable and lightweight handheld devices. These portable instruments have given researchers in art conservation and archaeology the opportunity to study a broad range of materials with greater accessibility and flexibility than ever before. In addition, the low relative cost of handheld XRF has led many museums, academic institutions, and cultural centres to invest in the devices for routine materials analysis purposes. Although these instruments often greatly simplify data collection, proper selection of analysis conditions and interpretation of the data still require an understanding of the principles of x-ray spectroscopy. These instruments are often marketed and used as ‘point and shoot' solutions; however, their inexpert use can easily generate deceptive or erroneous results. This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld XRF in art conservation and archaeology. The papers deal with experimental methodologies, protocols, and possibilities of handheld XRF analysis in dealing with the complexity of materials encountered in this research.

Haven in de branding Cover

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Haven in de branding

De economische ontwikkeling van de Antwerpse haven vanaf 1900

Reginald Loyen

De haven van Antwerpen telt vandaag de dag 65.000 voltijdse banen en genereert bijna 3% van het bruto binnenlands product. Over de manier waarop dit economische complex tot stand kwam, is maar weinig bekend – behalve dat er sinds 150 jaar een bijna explosieve groei moet hebben plaatsgevonden. Haven in de branding analyseert voor het eerst het tijdspad,de oorzaken en gevolgen van deze groei op basis van de goederen-stromen en de toegevoegde-waardecreatie. Zo wordt de waarde van de Antwerpse staaltrafiek verduidelijkt, net als de impact van de tonnage balans, de mythe van de ‘spoorweghaven Antwerpen’ en het ‘Belgische’ karakter van de overslag. Ook de groei bij inter-nationale concurrenten Rotterdam en Hamburg komt aan bod. Centraal staat de vraag hoe de haven van Antwerpen goederen-stromen kon aantrekken. Was de haven gelijk een rots in de branding overgeleverd aan de grillen van de stroming, of hadden havenarbeiders en havenbestuurders invloed op de richting en de sterkte van de stroom?

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