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Throughout the Ancien Régime, mythology played a vital role in opera, defining such epoch-making works as Claudio Monteverdi's La favola d'Orfeo (1607) and Christoph Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride (1779). The operatic presence of the Greco-Roman gods and heroes was anything but unambiguous or unproblematic, however. (Dis)embodying Myths in Ancien Régime Opera highlights myth's chameleonic life in the Italian dramma per musica and French tragédie en musique of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Written by eminent scholars in the fields of music, literature, theatre, and cultural studies, the six essays in this book address important questions. Through what ideological lenses did the Ancien Régime perceive an ancient legacy that was fundamentally pagan and fictitious, as opposed to Christian and rationalistic? What dramaturgies did librettists and composers devise to adapt mythical topics to altering philosophical and esthetic doctrines? Were the ancients' precepts obeyed or precisely overridden by the age of ‘classicism'? And how could myths be made to fit changing modes of spectatorship? Enlightening and wide-ranging on an essentially multidisciplinary development in European culture, (Dis)embodying Myths in Ancien Régime Opera will appeal to all music, literature, and art lovers seeking to deepen their knowledge of an increasingly popular repertoire.
NS-taal en de Shoah
De uitroeiing van de Europese joden is het symbool geworden van de moderne, gebureaucratiseerde massamoord. Als geen ander historisch thema heeft de judeocide ons gedwongen om na te denken over de vraag welke factoren aan de grondslag liggen van dit soort georganiseerde brutaliteit - een vraag die nog steeds op een bevredigend antwoord wacht. Doodgewone woorden benadert de Shoah vanuit een verrassende, nieuwe invalshoek. In een vlot leesbare stijl beschrijft Fabian Van Samang de typische kenmerken van de nazitaal en beargumenteert hij hoe dit specifieke NS-discours mee aan de basis lag van de ontwikkeling van de Shoah. Hij brengt inzichten uit de psychologie, geschiedenis, filosofie en taalkunde op subtiele wijze samen. Sleuteldocumenten worden in een nieuw licht geplaatst, bestaande interpretaties worden getoetst en het besluitvormingsproces wordt opnieuw bekeken. Doodgewone woorden is een gewaagd en uitdagend boek dat de lezer er ongetwijfeld zal toe aanzetten zichzelf, zijn omgeving en zijn taal kritisch te bevragen.
Four Contemporary Perspectives on the Mozart/Da Ponte Operas
The three Mozart/Da Ponte operas offer an inexhaustible wellspring for critical reflection, possessing a complexity and equivocation common to all great humane works. They have the potential to reflect and refract whatever locus of contemporaneity may be the starting point for enquiry. Thus, even postmodern and postmillennial concerns, far from seeming irrelevant to these operas, are instead given new perspectives by them, whilst the music and the dramatic situations have the multivalency to accept each refreshed pallet of interpretation without loss of their essential character. These operas seem perennially ‘new'. In exploring the evergreen qualities of Don Giovanni and Le Nozze di Figaro, this collection of studies does not shun approaches that have foundations in established theory, but refracts them through such problems as the tension between operatic tradition and psychological realism, the co-existence of multiple yet equal plots, and the antagonism between the tenets of tradition and the need for self-actualization. In exploring such themes, the authors not only illuminate new aspects of Mozart's operatic compositions, but also probe the nature of musical analysis itself.
Current Developments in Russian State Identity and Institutional Reform under President Putin
Since President Putin came to power, Russia's domestic political process underwent continuous changes. Up till now it remains unclear whether Russia is on the road towards becoming a fullfledged democracy or if it is diverting from this path. Elusive Russia brings together the views of four leading Russia experts on Russian state identity and institutional reform. Marie Mendras, Luke March, Irina Busygina and Andrei Zakharov share their original approaches on some key components of today's russian politics and bring their own perspective to the complex and ongoing process of Russia's nation and state building. They address urgent questions that relate to Russia's post-Soviet democratization process. In which way has the relationship between the legislative and executive branches of power been developing? How has Russia conceptualized itself as a federal state? How strong is the nationalist component in today's Russian politics? Which concept of the Rule of Law finds its resonance in Russia's state structures? Although Russia seems to remain an elusive entity according to the concepts of Western political sciences, this volume aims to shed some light on the ongoing political developments by offering a 'status questionis'.
Apport à la compréhension de la variabilité passée des hommes modernes
The study of modern human origin, variation and behaviour focused mainly on two distinct periods: the oxygen isotopic stages OIS 6 and 5e with the oldest anatomically modern human remains from Africa and the Middle East and the oxygen isotopic stages 2 and 1 with the expansion of modern humans all over the world. Currently, genetic studies agree to consider that extant human populations reflect only a restricted part of past modern human diversity. One of the key periods to try to understand the complex evolution of Homo sapiens is the oxygen isotopic stage 3. However, few complete human remains are known for this period which limits the knowledge of the Upper Pleistocene modern human variation. The Nazlet Khater 2 (NK 2) human remains represent the oldest OIS 3 complete modern human skeleton from Northern Africa. It was discovered in 1980 near Tahta in Upper Egypt by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project (BMEPP). This specimen, voluntarily buried, is associated to the Nazlet Khater 4 chert mining site whose exploitation period ranged from 40 to 35 Kyr BP. The Nazlet Khater 2 skeleton is complete and belongs to a young adult male. It is well preserved with the exception of the distal part of the legs and the feet. Morphological and biometrical comparative analyses of this specimen underline the complex morphology of modern humans from this time period. NK 2 exhibits several retained archaic features notably on the face and the mandible. The set of particular labyrinthine traits identified on NK 2 inner ear distinguished it partially from extant humans. Its postcranial remains are characterized by strong muscular insertions. Cross-sectional geometric properties of the long bones show adaptations to high biomechanical strengths. Furthermore, Nazlet Khater 2 has vertebral and membral lesions which are unusual for such a young specimen and might be related to intensive mining activities. The study of this specimen provides an opportunity to increase our understanding of modern human variation during this time period (OIS 3) for which few human remains are known.
Lessen voor de eenentwintigste eeuw
In de reeks ‘Lessen voor de eenentwintigste eeuw' wordt jaarlijks op een originele en toegankelijke manier nagedacht over de grote thema's van mens, wereld en wetenschap. In deze editie ligt de nadruk op Europa als de ruimte waarbinnen wetenschappelijk onderzoek zich afspeelt. De toekomst van de Europese gedachte, tussen de wereld van de euro en de wereld van de armoede, tussen de invloed op het klimaat en het groene Europa, laat telkens andere dimensies van het Europese verhaal zien. Steeds nadrukkelijker wordt duidelijk dat geen enkel thema, geen enkel onderzoeksprogramma kan beperkt blijven tot de eigen knusse ruimte. Telkens opnieuw zijn Europa en de wereld de horizon waartegen de zoektocht naar kennis en inzicht plaatsvindt. Van het groene Afrika tot de waterproblematiek, van psychofarmaca tot intellectuele eigendom is er slechts één wereld, die de onze is.
Reassessment of the 2003 priorities of the European Commission
The harmonisation of company law has always been on the agenda of the European Union. Besides the protection of third parties affected by business transactions, the founders had two other objectives: first, promoting freedom of establishment, and second, preventing the abuse of such freedom. In fact, the fear of the Netherlands becoming the ‘Delaware of Europe' (in terms of competition among Member States) seemed real, until, ironically, at the beginning of the 21st century, it was the privilege of the Dutch (and the Danish) state to fail in making the abuse argument before the European Court of Justice. The Court was apparently at ease since comparative law research had shown that the U.S. model of state competition was more fruitful than harmful: Delaware had, among U.S states, developed the most sophisticated corporate law, and nurtured the country's most experienced company law judges. Therefore the Commission felt ready to refocus its company law strategy. On the basis of the so-called Winter Group Report, it wrote its Company Law Action Plan, which was issued on 21 May 2003. Now, six years later, a revisit is appropriate. In this volume researchers of the Jan Ronse Institute for Company law of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven present five papers on the main priorities of the Action Plan: capital and creditor protection, corporate governance, one share one vote, financial reporting, and corporate mobility. The book also includes responses and ensuing discussions by reputed European company law experts. The conclusion of the book is written by Jaap Winter.
Studies in Honour of Carlos Steel
Essays on key moments in the intellectual history of the West. This book forms a major contribution to the discussion on fate, providence and moral responsibility in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and Early Modern times. Through 37 original papers, renowned scholars from many different countries, as well as a number of young and promising researchers, write the history of the philosophical problems of freedom and determinism since its origins in pre-socratic philosophy up to the seventeenth century. The main focus points are classic Antiquity (Plato and Aristotle), the Neoplatonic synthesis of late Antiquity (Plotinus, Proclus, Simplicius), and thirteenth-century scholasticism (Thomas Aquinas, Henry of Ghent). They do not only represent key moments in the intellectual history of the West, but are also the central figures and periods to which Carlos Steel, the dedicatary of this volume, has devoted his philosophical career.
A Historiographical Essay on the Educational Work of Catholic Women Religious in the 19th and 20th Centuries
For far too long Catholic teaching sisters have been denied their rightful place in the history of education. It is only during the past twenty-five years that researchers in many countries have begun to reveal the fundamental role played by these women in the schooling of children of both the masses and the elite during the 19th and 20th centuries. This essay provides for the first time a detailed overview of the historiography of the teaching sisters in Western Europe, North America, Latin America and Australasia, surveying scholarship since 1985. It reviews the literature on six major themes: contribution to schooling, teaching orders and schools, educational philosophy, content and practice, life and lived experience of teachers and students, the professionalization of teaching, and changes in the composition of the teaching staff. Very rich in bibliographical references, this book is indispensable for all further research on this significant but underexplored group of women teachers.
Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 1-12
This commentary exists in two versions: The major version is contained in 17 manuscripts and the critical edition of it is being prepared by a team of specialists led by Prof. Tiziana Suarez-Nani of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. A minor version is found in one Vatican manuscript and is being edited by Prof. Em. Girard J. Etzkorn. The texts edited in this volume all deal with creation, and investigate such central philosophical and theological issues as action, production, and causality, being and nothingness, the nature of time, God’s relation to the world he created, and the distinction between God’s creation and God’s conservation of the world. Typical of this section of Sentences commentaries is a discussion of the eternity of the world (q. 12), in which Marchia defends the (counterfactual) possibility of the world’s eternality as well as the possibility of an actual infinite. Somewhat more unusual for this part of a medieval Sentences commentary is Marchia’s highly detailed discussion of the problem of universals and the validity of syllogistic argumentation, all of this part of Marchia’s attempt to determine whether creation can be demonstrated about God (q. 1). Throughout these twelve questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the later Middle Ages’ best minds, including Peter Auriol, Durand of St. Pourçain, John Duns Scotus, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome.