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A Hedgefoxian Perspective
Philosophers have long tussled over whether moral judgments are the products of logical reasoning or simply emotional reactions. From Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility to the debates of modern psychologists, the question of whether feeling or sober rationality is the better guide to decision making has been a source of controversy. In Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? Kathleen Vohs, Roy Baumeister, and George Loewenstein lead a group of prominent psychologists and economists in exploring the empirical evidence on how emotions shape judgments and choices. Researchers on emotion and cognition have staked out many extreme positions: viewing emotions as either the driving force behind cognition or its side effect, either an impediment to sound judgment or a guide to wise decisions. The contributors to Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? provide a richer perspective, exploring the circumstances that shape whether emotions play a harmful or helpful role in decisions. Roy Baumeister, C. Nathan DeWall, and Liqing Zhang show that while an individual’s current emotional state can lead to hasty decisions and self-destructive behavior, anticipating future emotional outcomes can be a helpful guide to making sensible decisions. Eduardo Andrade and Joel Cohen find that a positive mood can negatively affect people’s willingness to act altruistically. Happy people, when made aware of risks associated with altruistic acts, become wary of jeopardizing their own well-being. Benoît Monin, David Pizarro, and Jennifer Beer find that whether emotion or reason matters more in moral evaluation depends on the specific issue in question. Individual characteristics often mediate the effect of emotions on decisions. Catherine Rawn, Nicole Mead, Peter Kerkhof, and Kathleen Vohs find that whether an individual makes a decision based on emotion depends both on the type of decision in question and the individual’s level of self-esteem. And Quinn Kennedy and Mara Mather show that the elderly are better able to regulate their emotions, having learned from experience to anticipate the emotional consequences of their behavior. Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? represents a significant advance toward a comprehensive theory of emotions and cognition that accounts for the nuances of the mental processes involved. This landmark book will be a stimulus to scholarly debates as well as an informative guide to everyday decisions.
What They Don't Want You to Know about Shock Treatment
Doctors of Deception is a revealing history of ECT (or shock therapy) in the United States, told here for the first time. Through the examination of court records, medical data, FDA reports, industry claims, her own experience as a patient of shock therapy, and the stories of others, Andre exposes tactics used by the industry to promote ECT as a responsible treatment when all the scientific evidence suggested otherwise.
How do emotions change over time? When is hate honorable? What happens when love is translated into different languages? Such questions are now being addressed by historians who trace how emotions have been expressed and understood in different cultures throughout history. Doing Emotions History explores the history of feelings such as love, joy, grief, nostalgia as well as a wide range of others, bringing together the latest and most innovative scholarship on the history of the emotions. Spanning the globe from Asia and Europe to North America, the book provides a crucial overview of this emerging discipline. An international group of scholars reviews the field's current status and variations, addresses many of its central debates, provides models and methods, and proposes an array of possibilities for future research. Emphasizing the field's intersections with anthropology, psychology, sociology, neuroscience, data-mining, and popular culture, this groundbreaking volume demonstrates the affecting potential of doing emotions history.
Practices, Methods, and Resources in Dream Education
The essential guide on how to teach about dreaming.Dreaming in the Classroom provides teachers from virtually all fields with a uniquely informative guidebook for introducing their students to the universal human phenomenon of dreaming. Although dreaming may not be held in high esteem in mainstream Western society, students at all education levels consistently enjoy learning about dreams and rank classes on dreaming among their favorite, most significant educational experiences. Covering a wide variety of academic disciplines such as psychology, anthropology, film studies, philosophy, and religious studies, the book explains in clear and practical language the most effective methods for teaching accurate, useful information about dreams to students in colleges and universities, graduate programs, psychotherapy institutes, seminaries, primary and secondary schools, and nonacademic settings. Included are detailed discussions of how to create an appropriate syllabus, integrate material from multiple disciplines, nurture skills in writing and critical reasoning, propose courses to skeptical administrators, and facilitate a responsible process for sharing dreams in a classroom setting. The book draws on interviews with dozens of accomplished teachers, along with the authors’ many years of pedagogical practice, to present proven strategies for using this perennially fascinating topic to promote successful student learning.
Une perspective transdisciplinaire qui vise à mieux saisir cette problématique et à offrir des pistes d'intervention
Cet ouvrage collectif, dirigé par deux professeurs-chercheurs engagés dans le domaine de la réadaptation au travail, propose de passer en revue les éléments essentiels à une bonne compréhension du retour et de la réintégration au travail de personnes aux prises avec un trouble mental. Au sein de notre société moderne, notamment dans les organisations, les troubles mentaux constituent désormais une problématique qui préoccupe les acteurs concernés par le retour et la réintégration au travail, tels que l’employeur, le supérieur immédiat, le représentant syndical, le représentant du système d’assurance, le professionnel de la santé et l’intervenant qui facilite le retour au travail, sans oublier les personnes significatives de l’environnement immédiat de l’individu souffrant d’un trouble mental.Tous ces acteurs clés, mais aussi les chercheurs, les planificateurs et les décideurs des instances gouvernementales qui souhaitent mieux saisir cette problématique et tenter d’y faire face adéquatement trouveront dans cet ouvrage des pistes à explorer selon leurs besoins respectifs. Les outils et les interventions abordés dans cet ouvrage, dont on a reconnu l’efficacité, sont sans conteste des leviers qui permettront de faire progresser cette problématique en plein essor. Aussi, doté d’une approche transdisciplinaire, il pourra offrir aux étudiants de diverses formations un portrait holistique de ce domaine de recherche sur la santé: vivre ou avoir vécu un trouble mental tout en participant de façon active au marché du travail ordinaire. Cet ouvrage a donc l’ambition d’aller au-delà de l’incapacité au travail chez une personne souffrant d’un trouble mental.
Freud as a Modern Jew
Using Freud’s correspondence, this book argues that his Jewishness was in fact a source of energy and pride for him and that he identified with both Jewish and humanist traditions. Gresser presents an extended analysis of Freud’s personal correspondence. Arranged in chronological order, the material conveys a vivid sense of Freud’s personal and psychological development. Close reading of Freud’s letters, with frequent attention to the original German and its cultural context, allows Gresser to weave a fascinating story of Freud’s life and Jewish commitments, as seen through the words of the master himself. The book culminates in an extended discussion of Freud’s last and most deliberately Jewish work, Moses and Monotheism. Gresser thus initiates a discussion about modern Jewish identity that will be of interest to anyone concerned about questions of the relationship between tradition and modernity, and between the particular and the universal, that moderns struggle with in the search for authenticity.
Les bases du développement
Ce livre présente les connaissances et les hypothèses qui animent le domaine du développement social et émotionnel de l’enfant. Ce premier tome porte sur les aspects normatifs du développement, comme le tempérament, la relation d’attachement ou encore les influences génétiques et biologiques.
A Culturally Adaptive Clinical Guide
Taking into account cultural differences between Asian and Western patients, this book focuses on delivery of effective treatment at an early stage in psychosis, especially for young people. It pays particular attention to early intervention programmes established in Hong Kong and Singapore, and assesses recent developments in Korea, Japan and other countries. The volume covers approaches in the management of psychosis, including pathway to care, stigma and interventions. With reference to the experiences of frontline practitioners, research findings and theories, it highlights the practical needs in non-Western healthcare settings. Culturally relevant discussions on recovery, relapse, self-harm and comorbid substance abuse are discussed. It also covers case studies to illustrate challenges and strategies in managing early psychosis.
This timely volume reviews current data on the effects of estrogen on the central nervous system, highlighting clinical aspects of this topic. Experts from the fields of psychiatry, pharmacology, neurology, and geriatrics collaborate to clarify the known risks and benefits of hormone therapy and explore questions that remain to be elucidated. Among the topics discussed: " Preclinical data on estrogen's effects on cognitive performance " The short-lived effects of hormone replacement therapy on cognitive function " Structural and functional brain imaging data regarding estrogen's effects on the central nervous system " Preclinical efforts to develop effective NeuroSERMs for the brain " The effects of estrogen on mood Citing the ongoing confusion over the risks and benefits of estrogen therapy, the contributors emphasize the need for additional research on medication, doses, preparations, methods of administration, alternative therapies, and supplements. This volume educates researchers, clinicians, and students on the current knowledge—including the effects of estrogen on mood, cognition, and brain metabolism—and provides guidelines for clinical practice and future research. Contributors: Roberta Diaz Brinton, Ph.D., University of Southern California; Cheri L. Geist, B.A., David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles; Robert B. Gibbs, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy; Eva Hogervorst, Ph.D., University of Loughborough and University of Oxford; Pauline M. Maki, Ph.D., Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of Illinois–Chicago; Peter J. Schmidt, M.D., National Institute of Mental Health; Daniel H. S. Silverman, M.D., Ph.D., David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles; Katherine E. Williams, M.D., Stanford University School of Medicine; Kristine Yaffe, M.D., University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco VA Medical Center; Laurel N. Zappert, B.A., Stanford University School of Medicine; Liqin Zhao, Ph.D., University of Southern California