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Language and Linguistics > Translation Studies

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Results 31-40 of 65

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Le Québec traduit en Espagne Cover

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Le Québec traduit en Espagne

Analyse sociologique de l’exportation d’une culture périphérique

María Sierra Córdoba Serrano

Comment une « petite nation » peut-elle exister et subsister dans l’espace culturel mondialisé actuel ? Par quels mécanismes une culture minoritaire peut-elle être exportée et se tailler un créneau dans un marché culturel central surchargé ? Voici les questions auxquelles María Sierra Córdoba Serrano tente de répondre dans ce livre. L’ouvrage examine les transferts culturels du Canada vers l’Espagne en analysant un corpus de 77 traductions d’œuvres littéraires québécoises traduites en Espagne, en espagnol et en catalan, entre 1975 et 2004. Les assises théoriques de cette étude reposent sur la sociologie des champs de Pierre Bourdieu appliquée à la traduction et s’appuient, d’une part, sur les études de réseaux et, d’autre part, sur la recherche dans le domaine de la diplomatie culturelle. Ce livre met en lumière les différentes phases d’un transfert littéraire : d’abord l’initiation et la sélection des biens culturels, puis la circulation, la réception et la reclassification ou création d’une nouvelle image de marque de ces biens cadrant avec la logique des champs sociaux et littéraires cibles où ils se voient recontextualisés et resémantisés. L’auteure montre comment les intérêts propres à chacun des champs culturels concernés – source (canadienne et québécoise) et cible (espagnole et catalane) – se traduisent par des stratégies politiques, commerciales, éditoriales et textuelles différentiées. L’ouvrage porte en outre un regard inédit sur le rôle déterminant (mais non déterministe) des acteurs institutionnels, ici canadiens et québécois : ceux-ci développent des stratégies et des structures visant à promouvoir et à accueillir la littérature québécoise en Espagne et en Catalogne. L’auteure se penche aussi sur l’action d’autres agents (éditeurs, directeurs de collection, traducteurs, professeurs de littérature, etc.) qui jouent un rôle central dans le transfert concerné.

Le Traducteur, l'Église et le Roi Cover

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Le Traducteur, l'Église et le Roi

Clara Foz

Cet ouvrage jette un nouvel éclairage sur une période particulièrement fertile de l’histoire de la traduction, qui s’étend sur les XIIe siècles en Espagne. C’est au cours de cette période que le savoir scientifique et philosophique des Grecs, revu et corrigé par les Arabes, est transmis aux Occidentaux. Clara Foz remet en question l’idée communément admise que l’École de Tolède formerait une entreprise unique. Son analyse révèle plutôt l’existence de deux mouvements de traduction, l’un commandité par l’Église, au XIIe siècle, l’autre par le roi Alphonse X, le Sage, au XIIIe siècle. L’auteur fait d’abord état de pratiques qui avaient cours à l’époque pour la traduction, puis elle fait ressortir les enjeux politiques et culturels sous-jacents. Que traduit-on ? Pourquoi traduit-on ? Quels sont les modes de collaboration entre traducteurs ? Quels sont les rapports qui unissent les traducteurs à leurs commanditaires ?

Les Belles Étrangères Cover

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Les Belles Étrangères

Canadians in Paris

Written by Jane Koustas

While translation history in Canada is well documented, the history of the translation of Canadian fiction outside the nation remains obscure. Les Belles Étrangères examines the translation of Canadian English-language fiction in France. This book considers the history of this practice, the reasons for the move away from Quebec translators as well as the process and perils involved in this detour. Within a theoretical framework and drawing on primary sources, this study considers the historical, theoretical, and concrete aspects of this practice through the study of the translations of authors such as Robertson Davies, Carol Shields, Margaret Atwood, Michael Ondaatje, Ann-Marie MacDonald, and Alistair MacLeod. The book also includes a comprehensive bibliography of English-language novels, poetry, and plays published and translated in France over the past 240 years.

Les Inventeurs de dictionnaires Cover

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Les Inventeurs de dictionnaires

De l'eduba des scribes mésopotamiens au scriptorium des moines médiévaux

Jean-Claude Boulanger

Le dictionnaire est certainement l’une des plus grandes inventions intellectuelles de l’humanité. Ce livre retrace son histoire depuis ses humbles origines au milieu du IVe millénaire av. J.-C. jusqu’en 1539, date de la publication du premier dictionnaire du français par Robert Estienne. Un itinéraire culturel et historique de 5000 ans qui entraîne le lecteur à travers de grandes civilisations : la Mésopotamie, l’Égypte, la Grèce, Rome et l’Europe. L’optique retenue favorise deux dimensions : d’abord, le récit historique chronologique à partir de l’invention de l’écriture vers 3500 av. J.-C. jusqu’à l’invention de l’imprimerie au milieu du XVe siècle ; ensuite, l’étude critique des ouvrages marquants et innovateurs sur le plan des principes et des méthodes lexicographiques, et cela pour chacune des époques et des civilisations mentionnées. Les créatures de dictionnaires ne sont pas oubliés : chaque fois qu’un lexicographe a laissé son nom, une courte notice biographique le situe dans la longue lignée des bâtisseurs de dictionnaires.

Lexicography, Terminology, and Translation Cover

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Lexicography, Terminology, and Translation

Text-based Studies in Honour of Ingrid Meyer

Edited by Lynne Bowker

This volume in honour of Ingrid Meyer is a tribute to her work in the interrelated fields of lexicography, terminology and translation. One key thing shared by these fields is that they all deal with text. Accordingly, the essays in this collection are united by the fact that they too are all "text-based" in some way. In the majority of essays, electronic corpora serve as the textual basis for investigations. Chapters focusing on electronic corpora include a description of a tool that can be used to help build specialized corpora in a semi-automatic fashion; corpus-based investigations of terminological knowledge patterns, terminological implantation, lexicographic information and translation solutions; comparisons of corpora to conventional resources such as dictionaries; and analyses of corpus processing tools such as translation memory systems. In several essays, notably those dealing with historical or literary documents, the texts in question are specific manuscripts that have been studied with a view to learning more about lexicographic and translation practice. The volume is rounded out with a chapter on audiovisual translation that takes a non-conventional view of text, where "text" includes film.

Literature in Translation Cover

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Literature in Translation

Teaching Issues and Reading Practices

Edited by Carol Maier and Francoise Massardier-Kenney

New pedagogy for studying literature in translation

In the last several decades, literary works from around the world have made their way onto the reading lists of American university and college courses in an increasingly wide variety of disciplines. This is a cause for rejoicing. Through works in translation, students in our mostly monolingual society are at last becoming acquainted with the multilingual and multicultural world in which they will live and work. Many instructors have expanded their reach to teach texts that originate from across the globe. Unfortunately, literature in English translation is frequently taught as if it had been written in English, and students are not made familiar with the cultural, linguistic, and literary context in which that literature was produced. As a result, they submit what they read to their own cultural expectations; they do not read in translation and do not reap the benefits of intercultural communication.

Here a true challenge arises for an instructor. Books in translation seldom contain introductory information about the mediation that translation implies or the stakes involved in the transfer of cultural information. Instructors are often left to find their own material about the author or the culture of the source text. Lacking the appropriate pedagogical tools, they struggle to provide information about either the original work or about translation itself, and they might feel uneasy about teaching material for which they lack adequate preparation. Consequently, they restrict themselves to well-known works in translation or works from other countries originally written in English.

Literature in Translation: Teaching Issues and Reading Practices squarely addresses this pedagogical lack. The book's sixteen essays provide for instructors a context in which to teach works from a variety of languages and cultures in ways that highlight the effects of linguistic and cultural transfers.

More Than Meets the Eye Cover

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More Than Meets the Eye

Revealing the Complexities of an Interpreted Education

Melissa B. Smith

This volume describes a doctoral study designed to identify the skills and knowledge educational interpreters need. Three K-12 interpreters were videotaped and interviewed to explore what interpreters do and illuminate the factors that inform their decisions. The study reveals five primary tasks that interpreters perform; furthermore, data indicate that what interpreters do at any given moment is affected by their ongoing assessments of a constellation of contextual factors. Findings highlight the need for further research and serve as a call to action to prepare interpreters to more effectively meet the needs of Deaf and hard of hearing mainstreamed students.

New Approaches to Interpreter Education Cover

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New Approaches to Interpreter Education

Cynthia B. Roy, Editor

The complex nuances of interpreting generate a continuous demand for detailed curricula to enhance instruction. The latest addition to the Interpreter Education series New Approaches to Interpreter Education expands the tools available to instructors with seven new, vital chapters on new curricula and creative teaching methods. Series editor Cynthia B. Roy, Associate Professor in the Department of Interpretation at Gallaudet University in Washington, DC, called upon the expertise of nine other renowned interpreter educators to create this incisive collection. David Sawyer begins the volume with the foreword in which he emphasizes the importance of integrating theory and practice in order to improve the quality of interpreter education. Risa Shaw, Steven D. Collins, and Melanie Metzger follow with a description of the process for establishing a bachelor of arts program in interpreting at Gallaudet University distinct from the already existent masters program. that outlines the positive results from the use of a discourse-oriented curriculum for educating interpreters. In the second chapter, Claudia Angelelli outlines the bottom-line principles for teaching effective health-care interpreting, postulating a model that depends upon the development of skills in six critical areas: cognitive-processing, interpersonal, linguistics, professional, setting-specific, and sociocultural. Helen Slatyer delineates the use of an action research methodology in the third chapter to establish a curriculum for teaching ad hoc interpreters of languages used by small population segments in Australia. In the fourth chapter, Jemina Napier blends three techniques for instructing signed language interpreters in Australia: synthesizing sign and spoken language interpreting curricula; integrating various interpreting concepts into a theoretical framework; and combining online and face-to-face instruction. David Sawyer adopts a holistic perspective in his chapter on training interpreters in less frequently taught language combinations, to offer models and methods for interpreters in areas such as the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Doug Bowen-Bailey describes how to apply theories of discourse-based interpreter education in specific contexts by producing customized videos. Finally, Mary Mooney addresses issues of ethnicity, cultural awareness, and intercultural communication skills among interpreters, interpreter educators, and interpreter education programs in the sign language community, to enhance competency for working within these diverse communities. All of these innovative concepts for creating curricula for interpreter training combine to ensure New Approaches to Interpreter Education as the state-of-the-art standard in this intricate discipline.

New Readings of Yiddish Montreal - Traduire le Montréal yiddish Cover

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New Readings of Yiddish Montreal - Traduire le Montréal yiddish

Pierre Anctil, Norman Ravvin et Sherry Simon

The texts collected in this volume unveil the practice and the methods of the translators and scholars who contributed to the reemergence of Yiddish in contemporary Canada. Each of the personalities discussed enlarged the historical position and interpreted various aspects of the Yiddish language in Montreal that until recently remained obscure or inaccessible. -- Les textes rassemblés dans ce volume tentent de lever le voile sur la démarche et les méthodes des traducteurs et chercheurs qui ont contribué à la réémergence du yiddish dans le Canada contemporain. Ces traducteurs et chercheurs ont élargi l’assise historique et interprété de nombreux aspects de la langue yiddish à Montréal, aspects qui jusque-là demeuraient obscurs et inaccessibles.

The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation Cover

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The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation

The Nuremberg Trial

Francesca Gaiba

This book offers the first complete analysis of the emergence of simultaneous interpretation a the Nuremburg Trail and the individuals who made the process possible. Francesca Gaiba offers new insight into this monumental event based on extensive archival research and interviews with interpreters, who worked at the trial. This work provides an overview of the specific linguistic needs of the trial, and examines the recruiting of interpreters and the technical support available to them.

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