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Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics Cover

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Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics

Negation, Tense, and Clausal Architecture

Presenting cutting-edge research in syntax and semantics, this important volume furthers theoretical claims in generative linguistics and represents a significant addition to present scholarship in the field. Leading scholars present crosslinguistic studies dealing with clausal architecture, negation, and tense and aspect, and the issue of whether a statistical model can by itself capture the richness of human linguistic abilities. Taken together, these contributions elegantly show how theoretical tools can propel our understanding of language beyond pretheoretical descriptions, especially when combined with the insight and skills of linguists who can analyze difficult and complex data. Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics covers a range of topics currently at the center of lively debate in the linguistic literature, such as the structure of the left periphery of the clause, the proper treatment of negative polarity items, and the role of statistical learning in building a model of linguistic competence. The ten original contributions offer an excellent balance of novel empirical description and theoretical analysis, applied to a wide range of languages, including Dutch, German, Irish English, Italian, Malagasy, Malay, and a number of medieval Romance languages. Scholars and students of semantics, syntax, and linguistic theory will find it to be a valuable resource for ongoing scholarship and advanced study.

Dans tous les sens du terme Cover

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Dans tous les sens du terme

Regards croisés sur la terminologie

Jean Quirion

La terminologie, soit l'ensemble des termes spécifiques à une science, à une technique ou à un domaine particulier de l'activité humaine, représente aujourd'hui une discipline à part entière. Elle relève aussi bien de la linguistique, dans le cadre de l’analyse du discours spécialisé, que de la logique et des sciences et techniques, dans son rapport à l’objet décrit. Ce livre, dans lequel des spécialistes de divers domaines dressent un panorama de cette discipline en évolution, explore ainsi les multiples approches – actuelles ou émergentes – de la terminologie. On y découvre ses filiations avec de nombreux champs du savoir, dont la communication, la sociologie, la linguistique informatique, les technologies modernes et la documentation. L’ouvrage, qui approfondit certaines questions contemporaines, se veut également une nouvelle introduction à la terminologie ainsi qu’un repère pour se retrouver dans les différentes voies de recherche terminologiques et les applications contemporaines de cette discipline. Il intéressera tout lecteur curieux des faits de langue et des vocabulaires spécialisés.

De nominale constituent Cover

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De nominale constituent

Structuur en geschiedenis

Freek Van De Velde

De nominale constituent is een onderbelicht domein van de syntaxis, zeker in de historische taalkunde. Dat is niet terecht, want over de syntactische bouw ervan is men het lang niet eens, en de veranderingen die zich in de loop van de geschiedenis hebben voorgedaan, zijn talrijk. In dit boek wordt geargumenteerd dat achter die diverse veranderingen een grote tendens schuilgaat: de Nederlandse nominale constituent is het resultaat van een eeuwenlang proces van stapsgewijze uitbreiding ter linkerzijde met een aantal duidelijk onderscheiden kavels (‘slots’) in het voorveld. Deze visie laat toe een aantal ogenschijnlijk heel uiteenlopende taalveranderingen samenhangend te verklaren. Het onderzoek strekt zich uit over verschillende eeuwen taalgeschiedenis. De klemtoon ligt uiteraard op het Oud-, Middel- en Nieuwnederlands, maar waar mogelijk wordt nog verder teruggegaan, tot de gereconstrueerde fasen van het Proto-Germaans en het Proto-Indo-Europees. In de argumentatie worden data uit verschillende talen betrokken – onder andere Hittitisch, Sanskriet, Grieks, Latijn, Gotisch, Oudengels, Oudhoogduits – en er wordt gebruik gemaakt van allerhande technieken, van theoretisch onderzoek tot kwantitatief corpusonderzoek. Verder wordt er ook uitvoerig verwezen naar de bestaande internationale vakliteratuur.

Deaf Children in Public Schools Cover

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Deaf Children in Public Schools

Placement, Context, and Consequences

Claire L. Ramsey

Peters connects ASL literature to the literary canon with the archetypal notion of carnival as “the counterculture of the dominated.” Throughout history, carnivals have been opportunities for the “low,” disenfranchised elements of society to displace their “high” counterparts. Citing the Deaf community’s long tradition of “literary nights” and festivals like the Deaf Way, Peters recognizes similar forces at work in the propagation of ASL literature. The agents of this movement, Deaf artists and ASL performers—“Tricksters,” as Peters calls them—jump between the two cultures and languages. Through this process, they create a synthesis of English literary content reinterpreted in sign language, which raises the profile of ASL as a distinct art form in itself.

Defying Maliseet Language Death Cover

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Defying Maliseet Language Death

Emergent Vitalities of Language, Culture, and Identity in Eastern Canada

Bernard C. Perley

Published through the Recovering Languages and Literacies of the Americas initiative, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

Today, indigenous communities throughout North America are grappling with the dual issues of language loss and revitalization. While many communities are making efforts to bring their traditional languages back through educational programs, for some communities these efforts are not enough or have come too late to stem the tide of language death, which occurs when there are no remaining fluent speakers and the language is no longer used in regular communication. The Maliseet language, as spoken in the Tobique First Nation of New Brunswick, Canada, is one such endangered language that will either be revitalized and survive or will die off.

Defying Maliseet Language Death is an ethnographic study by Bernard C. Perley, a member of this First Nation, that examines the role of the Maliseet language and its survival in Maliseet identity processes. Perley examines what is being done to keep the Maliseet language alive, who is actively involved in these processes, and how these two factors combine to promote Maliseet language survival. He also explores questions of identity, asking the important question: “If Maliseet is no longer spoken, are we still Maliseet?” This timely volume joins the dual issues of language survival and indigenous identity to present a unique perspective on the place of language within culture.

Dialect and Dichotomy Cover

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Dialect and Dichotomy

Literary Representations of African American Speech

Written by Lisa Cohen Minnick

Applies linguistics methods for a richer understanding of literary texts and spoken language.

Dialect and Dichotomy outlines the history of dialect writing in English and its influence on linguistic variation. It also surveys American dialect writing and its relationship to literary, linguistic, political, and cultural trends, with emphasis on African American voices in literature.

Furthermore, this book introduces and critiques canonical works in literary dialect analysis and covers recent, innovative applications of linguistic analysis of literature. Next, it proposes theoretical principles and specific methods that can be implemented in order to analyze literary dialect for either linguistic or literary purposes, or both. Finally, the proposed methods are applied in four original analyses of African American speech as represented in major works of fiction of the American South—Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Charles W. Chesnutt's The Conjure Woman, William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury, and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God.

Dialect and Dichotomy is designed to be accessible to audiences with a variety of linguistic and literary backgrounds. It is an ideal research resource and course text for students and scholars interested in areas including American, African American, and southern literature and culture; linguistic applications to literature; language in the African American community; ethnicity and representation; literary dialect analysis and/or computational linguistics; dialect writing as genre; and American English.

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Directions in Self-Access Language Learning

David Gardner ,Lindsay Miller

This is a collection of articles on the topic of self-access language learning by a variety of experienced educators currently active in the field of English language teaching in Hong Kong. Separate chapters discuss a wide range of issues confronting ELT professionals in tertiary and secondary education, and in the private sector.

Disciplinary Discourses Cover

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Disciplinary Discourses

Social Interactions in Academic Writing

Ken Hyland

Why do engineers "report" while philosophers "argue" and biologists "describe"? In the Michigan Classics Edition of Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing, Ken Hyland examines the relationships between the cultures of academic communities and their unique discourses. Drawing on discourse analysis, corpus linguistics, and the voices of professional insiders, Ken Hyland explores how academics use language to organize their professional lives, carry out intellectual tasks, and reach agreement on what will count as knowledge. In addition, Disciplinary Discourses presents a useful framework for understanding the interactions between writers and their readers in published academic writing. From this framework, Hyland provides practical teaching suggestions and points out opportunities for further research within the subject area. As issues of linguistic and rhetorical expression of disciplinary conventions are becoming more central to teachers, students, and researchers, the careful analysis and straightforward style of Disciplinary Discourses make it a remarkable asset. The Michigan Classics Edition features a new preface by the author and a new foreword by John M. Swales.

Discourse 2.0 Cover

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Discourse 2.0

Language and New Media

Deborah Tannen and Anna Marie Trester, Editors.

Our everyday lives are increasingly being lived through electronic media, which are changing our interactions and our communications in ways that we are only beginning to understand. In Discourse 2.0: Language and New Media, editors Deborah Tannen and Anna Marie Trester team up with top scholars in the field to shed light on the ways language is being used in, and shaped by, these new media contexts.

Topics explored include: how Web 2.0 can be conceptualized and theorized; the role of English on the worldwide web; how use of social media such as Facebook and texting shape communication with family and friends; electronic discourse and assessment in educational and other settings; multimodality and the "participatory spectacle" in Web 2.0; asynchronicity and turn-taking; ways that we engage with technology including reading on-screen and on paper; and how all of these processes interplay with meaning-making.

Students, professionals, and individuals will discover that Discourse 2.0 offers a rich source of insight into these new forms of discourse that are pervasive in our lives.

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Discourse as Cultural Struggle

Edited by Xu Shi

The volume argues, through theory and research in multicultural perspectives, that discourse/communication is a site of cultural contest, change and cooperation and sets out a practical research agenda for this new area.

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