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A Contextualist Research Paradigm for Rhetoric and Composition
Cindy Johanek offers a new perspective on the ideological conflict between qualitative and quantitative research approaches, and the theories of knowledge that inform them. With a paradigm that is sensitive to the context of one's research questions, she argues, scholars can develop less dichotomous forms that invoke the strengths of both research traditions. Context-oriented approaches can lift the narrative from beneath the numbers in an experimental study, for example, or bring the useful clarity of numbers to an ethnographic study.
A pragmatic scholar, Johanek moves easily across the boundaries that divide the field, and argues for contextualist theory as a lens through which to view composition research. This approach brings with it a new focus, she writes. "This new focus will call us to attend to the contexts in which rhetorical issues and research issues converge, producing varied forms, many voices, and new knowledge, indeed reconstructing a discipline that will be simultaneously focused on its tasks, its knowledge-makers, and its students."
Composing Research is a work full of personal voice and professional commitment and will be a welcome addition to the research methods classroom and to the composition researcher's own bookshelf.
2000 Outstanding Scholarship Award from the International Writing Centers Association.
The Theta System
Lorsqu'un enfant ne réussit pas bien en français à l’école, la tendance à juger de ses connaissances et de ses compétences en regard du savoir de l’adulte porte les enseignants à le classer systématiquement dans la catégorie des élèves en difficulté. Les apports de la linguistique permettent cependant de considérer les erreurs commises par l’enfant sous un autre angle. En vérité, le code écrit s'éloigne de plus en plus du code oral, et cet écart échappe parfois à l'adulte qui maîtrise parfaitement l'écrit. Si l'enseignant tente de se mettre à la place de l'enfant en apprentissage, certaines de ces erreurs lui sembleront non seulement compréhensibles, mais encore lui révéleront parfois une forme de logique et une réflexion qui ne saurait être ignorées.Cet ouvrage met en pratique les théories linguistiques dans l'objectif d'aider à la compréhension des erreurs des enfants, aussi bien dans leur apprentissage de la langue orale que de la langue écrite, voire du passage de l'une à l'autre. De cette nouvelle approche découleront une conception renouvelée de l'erreur ainsi que des outils plus appropriés pour y remédier.
A Festschrift for Munzali A. Jibril
The present volume, which is the 5th in the Nigerian Linguists Festschrift Series, is devoted to Professor Munzali A. Jibril, a celebrated icon in university administration, and an erudite Professor of English Linguistics. The title of this special edition was specifically chosen to crown Professor Jibrils academic prowess in both English and indigenous Nigerian languages, and to mark and laud his official departure from active university lectureship. 72 assessed papers are included from the many submitted. Papers cover the main theme of the volume, i.e. the interaction between English and indigenous Nigerian languages, and there are a number of papers on other secular areas of linguistics such as: language and history, language planning and policy, language documentation, language engineering, lexicography, translation, gender studies, language acquisition, language teaching and learning, pragmatics, discourse and conversational analysis, and literature in English and African languages. There is also a rich section devoted to the majwor traditional fields of linguistics - phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing
Media, Message, and the American Presidency
It's a common complaint that a presidential candidate's style matters more than substance and that the issues have been eclipsed by mass-media-fueled obsession with a candidate's every slip, gaffe, and peccadillo. This book explores political communication in American presidential politics, focusing on what political insiders call "message." Message, Michael Lempert and Michael Silverstein argue, is not simply an individual's positions on the issues but the craft used to fashion the creature the public sees as the candidate. Lempert and Silverstein examine some of the revelatory moments in debates, political ads, interviews, speeches, and talk shows to explain how these political creations come to have a life of their own. From the pandering "Flip-Flopper" to the self-reliant "Maverick," the authors demonstrate how these figures are fashioned out of the verbal, gestural, sartorial, behavioral—as well as linguistic—matter that comprises political communication.
When Mary R. Haas died in 1996, she left behind several thousand pages of notes and texts in the Creek (Muskogee) language collected in Oklahoma from 1936 to 1940. The majority of the texts come from the unpublished writings of James H. Hill of Eufaula, an especially knowledgeable elder who composed texts for Dr. Haas using the standard Creek alphabet. Twelve other speakers served as sources for dictated texts.
Leading scholars in composition, education, and literacy studies critique the English monolingualism dominating the study and teaching of college composition and pursue approaches that embrace the multilingualism and that pose cross-language writing as the norm for teaching and research.