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Classical NEG Raising Cover

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Classical NEG Raising

An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Chris Collins

In this book, Chris Collins and Paul Postal consider examples such the one below on the interpretation where Nancy thinks that this course is not interesting: <I>Nancy doesn't think this course is interesting</I>.They argue such examples instantiate a kind of syntactic raising that they term Classical NEG Raising. This involves the raising of a NEG (negation) from the embedded clause to the matrix clause. Collins and Postal develop three main arguments to support their claim. First, they show that Classical NEG Raising obeys island constraints. Second, they document that a syntactic raising analysis predicts both the grammaticality and particular properties of what they term Horn clauses (named for Laurence Horn, who discovered them). Finally, they argue that the properties of certain <I>parenthetical</I> structures strongly support the syntactic character of Classical NEG Raising. Collins and Postal also offer a detailed analysis of the main argument in the literature against a syntactic raising analysis (which they call the Composed Quantifier Argument). They show that the facts appealed to in this argument not only fail to conflict with their approach but actually support a syntactic view. In the course of their argument, Collins and Postal touch on a variety of related topics, including the syntax of negative polarity items, the status of sequential negation, and the scope of negative quantifiers.

Composing Research Cover

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Composing Research

A Contextualist Research Paradigm for Rhetoric and Composition

Cindy Johanek

Cindy Johanek offers a new perspective on the ideological conflict between qualitative and quantitative research approaches, and the theories of knowledge that inform them. With a paradigm that is sensitive to the context of one's research questions, she argues, scholars can develop less dichotomous forms that invoke the strengths of both research traditions. Context-oriented approaches can lift the narrative from beneath the numbers in an experimental study, for example, or bring the useful clarity of numbers to an ethnographic study.

A pragmatic scholar, Johanek moves easily across the boundaries that divide the field, and argues for contextualist theory as a lens through which to view composition research. This approach brings with it a new focus, she writes. "This new focus will call us to attend to the contexts in which rhetorical issues and research issues converge, producing varied forms, many voices, and new knowledge, indeed reconstructing a discipline that will be simultaneously focused on its tasks, its knowledge-makers, and its students."

Composing Research is a work full of personal voice and professional commitment and will be a welcome addition to the research methods classroom and to the composition researcher's own bookshelf.

2000 Outstanding Scholarship Award from the International Writing Centers Association.

The Connectives Cover

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The Connectives

Lloyd Humberstone

A comprehensive investigation of the sentence connectives--and, or, if, not--with special attention to their logical properties.

Contribution de la linguistique à l'enseignement du français Cover

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Contribution de la linguistique à l'enseignement du français

CLEF

Lorsqu'un enfant ne réussit pas bien en français à l’école, la tendance à juger de ses connaissances et de ses compétences en regard du savoir de l’adulte porte les enseignants à le classer systématiquement dans la catégorie des élèves en difficulté. Les apports de la linguistique permettent cependant de considérer les erreurs commises par l’enfant sous un autre angle. En vérité, le code écrit s'éloigne de plus en plus du code oral, et cet écart échappe parfois à l'adulte qui maîtrise parfaitement l'écrit. Si l'enseignant tente de se mettre à la place de l'enfant en apprentissage, certaines de ces erreurs lui sembleront non seulement compréhensibles, mais encore lui révéleront parfois une forme de logique et une réflexion qui ne saurait être ignorées.Cet ouvrage met en pratique les théories linguistiques dans l'objectif d'aider à la compréhension des erreurs des enfants, aussi bien dans leur apprentissage de la langue orale que de la langue écrite, voire du passage de l'une à l'autre. De cette nouvelle approche découleront une conception renouvelée de l'erreur ainsi que des outils plus appropriés pour y remédier.

Creatures of Politics Cover

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Creatures of Politics

Media, Message, and the American Presidency

Michael Lempert and Michael Silverstein

It's a common complaint that a presidential candidate's style matters more than substance and that the issues have been eclipsed by mass-media-fueled obsession with a candidate's every slip, gaffe, and peccadillo. This book explores political communication in American presidential politics, focusing on what political insiders call "message." Message, Michael Lempert and Michael Silverstein argue, is not simply an individual's positions on the issues but the craft used to fashion the creature the public sees as the candidate. Lempert and Silverstein examine some of the revelatory moments in debates, political ads, interviews, speeches, and talk shows to explain how these political creations come to have a life of their own. From the pandering "Flip-Flopper" to the self-reliant "Maverick," the authors demonstrate how these figures are fashioned out of the verbal, gestural, sartorial, behavioral—as well as linguistic—matter that comprises political communication.

Crossing Oceans Cover

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Crossing Oceans

Reconfiguring American Literary Studies in the Pacific Rim

Noella Brada-Williams ,Karen Chow

This book’s intended mission is to compliment and extend the vision of a seminal volume, published in 1995, American Studies Today: An Introduction to Methods and Perspectives, which came out of the American Studies Research Centre in Hyderabad, India.

Cross-Language Relations in Composition Cover

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Cross-Language Relations in Composition

Edited by Bruce Horner. Min-Zhan Lu, and Paul Kei Matsuda

Leading scholars in composition, education, and literacy studies critique the English monolingualism dominating the study and teaching of college composition and pursue approaches that embrace the multilingualism and that pose cross-language writing as the norm for teaching and research.

Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics Cover

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Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics

Negation, Tense, and Clausal Architecture

Presenting cutting-edge research in syntax and semantics, this important volume furthers theoretical claims in generative linguistics and represents a significant addition to present scholarship in the field. Leading scholars present crosslinguistic studies dealing with clausal architecture, negation, and tense and aspect, and the issue of whether a statistical model can by itself capture the richness of human linguistic abilities. Taken together, these contributions elegantly show how theoretical tools can propel our understanding of language beyond pretheoretical descriptions, especially when combined with the insight and skills of linguists who can analyze difficult and complex data. Crosslinguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics covers a range of topics currently at the center of lively debate in the linguistic literature, such as the structure of the left periphery of the clause, the proper treatment of negative polarity items, and the role of statistical learning in building a model of linguistic competence. The ten original contributions offer an excellent balance of novel empirical description and theoretical analysis, applied to a wide range of languages, including Dutch, German, Irish English, Italian, Malagasy, Malay, and a number of medieval Romance languages. Scholars and students of semantics, syntax, and linguistic theory will find it to be a valuable resource for ongoing scholarship and advanced study.

Dans tous les sens du terme Cover

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Dans tous les sens du terme

Regards croisés sur la terminologie

Jean Quirion

La terminologie, soit l'ensemble des termes spécifiques à une science, à une technique ou à un domaine particulier de l'activité humaine, représente aujourd'hui une discipline à part entière. Elle relève aussi bien de la linguistique, dans le cadre de l’analyse du discours spécialisé, que de la logique et des sciences et techniques, dans son rapport à l’objet décrit. Ce livre, dans lequel des spécialistes de divers domaines dressent un panorama de cette discipline en évolution, explore ainsi les multiples approches – actuelles ou émergentes – de la terminologie. On y découvre ses filiations avec de nombreux champs du savoir, dont la communication, la sociologie, la linguistique informatique, les technologies modernes et la documentation. L’ouvrage, qui approfondit certaines questions contemporaines, se veut également une nouvelle introduction à la terminologie ainsi qu’un repère pour se retrouver dans les différentes voies de recherche terminologiques et les applications contemporaines de cette discipline. Il intéressera tout lecteur curieux des faits de langue et des vocabulaires spécialisés.

De nominale constituent Cover

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De nominale constituent

Structuur en geschiedenis

Freek Van De Velde

De nominale constituent is een onderbelicht domein van de syntaxis, zeker in de historische taalkunde. Dat is niet terecht, want over de syntactische bouw ervan is men het lang niet eens, en de veranderingen die zich in de loop van de geschiedenis hebben voorgedaan, zijn talrijk. In dit boek wordt geargumenteerd dat achter die diverse veranderingen een grote tendens schuilgaat: de Nederlandse nominale constituent is het resultaat van een eeuwenlang proces van stapsgewijze uitbreiding ter linkerzijde met een aantal duidelijk onderscheiden kavels (‘slots’) in het voorveld. Deze visie laat toe een aantal ogenschijnlijk heel uiteenlopende taalveranderingen samenhangend te verklaren. Het onderzoek strekt zich uit over verschillende eeuwen taalgeschiedenis. De klemtoon ligt uiteraard op het Oud-, Middel- en Nieuwnederlands, maar waar mogelijk wordt nog verder teruggegaan, tot de gereconstrueerde fasen van het Proto-Germaans en het Proto-Indo-Europees. In de argumentatie worden data uit verschillende talen betrokken – onder andere Hittitisch, Sanskriet, Grieks, Latijn, Gotisch, Oudengels, Oudhoogduits – en er wordt gebruik gemaakt van allerhande technieken, van theoretisch onderzoek tot kwantitatief corpusonderzoek. Verder wordt er ook uitvoerig verwezen naar de bestaande internationale vakliteratuur.

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