The Body of the People is the first comprehensive study of dance and choreography in East Germany. More than twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Jens Richard Giersdorf investigates a national dance history in the German Democratic Republic, from its founding as a Communist state that supplanted the Soviet zone of occupation in 1949 through the aftermath of its collapse forty years later, examining complex themes of nationhood, ideology, resistance, and diaspora through an innovative mix of archival research, critical theory, personal narrative, and performance analysis. Giersdorf looks closely at uniquely East German dance forms—including mass exercise events, national folk dances, Marxist-Leninist visions staged by the dance ensemble of the armed forces, the vast amateur dance culture, East Germany’s version of Tanztheater, and socialist alternatives to rock ‘n’ roll—to demonstrate how dance was used both as a form of corporeal utopia and of embodied socialist propaganda and indoctrination. The Body of the People also explores the artists working in the shadow of official culture who used dance and movement to critique and resist state power, notably Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, Arila Siegert, and Fine Kwiatkowski. Giersdorf considers a myriad of embodied responses to the Communist state even after reunification, analyzing the embodiment of the fall of the Berlin Wall in the works of Jo Fabian and Sasha Waltz, and the diasporic traces of East German culture abroad, exemplified by the Chilean choreographer Patricio Bunster.
This, the third and final volume of Kevin Morgan’s widely acclaimed series Bolshevism and the British Left, centres around the figure of Alf Purcell (1872-1935), who was one of the leading personalities in the British and international labour movement. Purcell was most famous as one of TUC ‘lefts’ of the 1920s. He was Labour MP for both the Forest of Dean and Coventry, as well as being the founder of a working guild in the spirit of guild socialism, the controversial president of the International Federation of Trade Unions and the man who moved the formation of the British communist party. A sometime syndicalist and associate of Tom Mann, his experiences in the militant Furnishing Trades gave rise to the uncompromising trade-union internationalism which features so centrally in these chapters. With the squeezing of his syndicalist approach, as the labour movement polarised into Labour and communist currents, Purcell died a politically broken figure. Morgan uses Purcell’s biography to explore wider controversies – among them the rival modernities of Bolshevism and Americanism; the reactions to Bolshevism of anarchists like Emma Goldman; and the roots of political tourism to the USSR by British labour delegations in which Purcell featured so prominently. The volume also includes a major challenge to existing interpretations of the general strike, which it compellingly presents, not as the last fling of the syndicalists, but as a first and disastrously ill-conceived imposition of social-democratic centralism by Ernest Bevin.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, French colonists and their Native allies participated in a slave trade that spanned half of North America, carrying thousands of Native Americans into bondage in the Great Lakes, Canada, and the Caribbean. In ###Bonds of Alliance#, Brett Rushforth reveals the dynamics of this system from its origins to the end of French colonial rule. Balancing a vast geographic and chronological scope with careful attention to the lives of enslaved individuals, this book gives voice to those who lived through the ordeal of slavery and, along the way, shaped French and Native societies.
Traces Joyce’s involvement in early modern cinema, his thematic and formal borrowing from this genre, and the impact of his writings on later avant-garde and mainstream cinema ranging from Godard to Rossellini to Scorsese.
Between 1945 and 1957, West Germany made a dizzying pivot from Nazi bastion to Britain's Cold War ally against the Soviet Union. Successive London governments, though often faced with bitter public and military opposition, tasked the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) to serve as a protecting force while strengthening West German integration into the Western defense structure.
Peter Speiser charts the BAOR's fraught transformation from occupier to ally by looking at the charged nexus where British troops and their families interacted with Germany's civilian population. Examining the relationship on many levels, Speiser ranges from how British mass media representations of Germany influenced BAOR troops to initiatives taken by the Army to improve relations. He also weighs German perceptions, surveying clashes between soldiers and civilians and comparing the popularity of the British services with that of the other occupying powers. As Speiser shows, the BAOR's presence did not improve the relationship between British servicemen and the German populace, but it did prevent further deterioration during a crucial and dangerous period of the early Cold War.
An incisive look at an under-researched episode, The British Army of the Rhine sheds new light on Anglo-German diplomatic, political and social relations after 1945, and evaluates their impact on the wider context of European integration in the postwar era.
British Broadcasting in Transition was first published in 1961. Recent developments in British radio and television broadcasting are of keen interest to those on both sides of the Atlantic who are concerned with the basic problems of broadcast regulation. Dr. Paulu gives a detailed account of these developments since 1955, when the new Independent Television Authority introduced commercial television in competition with the noncommercial service of the British Broadcasting Corporation. This volume, a sequel to his earlier book, British Broadcasting: Radio and Television in the United Kingdom, brings the study up to date and provides a comprehensive basis for an evaluation of the British system of managing the airwaves.The author describes the legal and financial structures of both the BBC and the ITA and reviews their program policies and operations. He discusses the effects of television on other communications media and the reaction of the British public to both radio and television. He appraises current performances of the BBC and ITA, notes the effects of competitions, and offers some recommendations for the future of British broadcasting.With increasing numbers of Americans questioning the merits of their broadcasting system, with Britons considering possible changes in theirs, and with several Continental countries contemplating commercial support for television, this account of the British experience provides timely and needed data.
British Broadcasting was first published in 1956. Those interested in the uses and abuses of the airwaves frequently indulge in lively debates over the merits of British broadcasting policies and practices as compared to their American counterparts. Most such arguments, however, are based on scanty knowledge of actual facts about British broadcasting. Now this gap of information is remedied by the comprehensive survey which Dr. Paulu presents in this book. He traces the development of both radio an television broadcasting from their inception in Britain to the present and assays the results. Dr. Paulu did the basic research for this volume as a Fulbright scholar in London in 1953-54, when the new Independent Television Authority was being debated in Parliament and the British Broadcasting Corporation was laying its plans to meet competition. While he frequently compares British and American practices, the author believes that broadcasting must be studied in its own national setting. He treats the subject, therefore, in the British context rather than the American. He describes the development of the BBC as a noncommercial public corporation with a monopoly of British broadcasting and reviews the factors that led to the emergence of the commercially supported ITA. He places major emphasis on program descriptions but also discusses audience reactions, staff and technical facilities, and finances. The book offers valuable data for students and teachers in communications courses as well as for those engaged in radio or television on either side of the Atlantic.
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