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Race, Gender Identity, and Schooling
This in-depth look at a diverse group of young women at an alternative high school illuminates issues of race, class, gender, and identity formation, and shows the enormous power of schools to re-orient young women from school failure to success. This book examines the variations in the constitution of female gender in a group of young working class women of African American, Latina, U.S., Puerto Rican, and white European backgrounds who are enrolled in an alternative high school for students at risk of academic failure. It then analyzes the school processes that impact on the shaping of the young women’s gender identities and provides evidence that female gender identity among various racial or ethnic backgrounds can be very dissimilar. It also illustrates the enormous power of schools to re-orient young women who have previous experiences of academic failure to view education as crucial to attaining their future goals.
Directions for Research and Instruction
This groundbreaking book integrates the work of 54 contributors to the 1984 symposium on cognition, education, and deafness. It focuses on cognition and deaf students’ growth and development, problem-solving strategies, thinking processes, language development, reading methodology, measurement of potential, and intervention programs. The synthesis of these discoveries establishes directions for new research and outlines implications for all professionals working with hearing-impaired learners.
Madison and the New Left in the Sixties
As the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union escalated in the 1950s and 1960s, the federal government directed billions of dollars to American universities to promote higher enrollments, studies of foreign languages and cultures, and, especially, scientific research. In Cold War University, Matthew Levin traces the paradox that developed: higher education became increasingly enmeshed in the Cold War struggle even as university campuses became centers of opposition to Cold War policies. The partnerships between the federal government and major research universities sparked a campus backlash that provided the foundation, Levin argues, for much of the student dissent that followed. At the University of Wisconsin in Madison, one of the hubs of student political activism in the 1950s and 1960s, the protests reached their flashpoint with the 1967 demonstrations against campus recruiters from Dow Chemical, the manufacturers of napalm. Levin documents the development of student political organizations in Madison in the 1950s and the emergence of a mass movement in the decade that followed, adding texture to the history of national youth protests of the time. He shows how the University of Wisconsin tolerated political dissent even at the height of McCarthyism, an era named for Wisconsin's own virulently anti-Communist senator, and charts the emergence of an intellectual community of students and professors that encouraged new directions in radical politics. Some of the events in Madison—especially the 1966 draft protests, the 1967 sit-in against Dow Chemical, and the 1970 Sterling Hall bombing—have become part of the fabric of "The Sixties," touchstones in an era that continues to resonate in contemporary culture and politics.
Vers quel partenariat ?
Vingt spécialistes en éducation, en sociologie, en psychologie, en administration, en pédagogie et en andragogie font le point sur les orientations et les diverses formes de collaboration entre les institutions de formation et les milieux socioprofessionnels. Les auteurs expliquent comment a émergé le phénomène du partenariat entre les écoles et les entreprises, puis décrivent quelques expériences sous l'angle des milieux de l'éducation et du travail; enfin, ils posent un regard critique sur ce nouveau paradigme, exposent les principaux enjeux et proposent un modèle d'analyse du partenariat.
La place des outils technologiques
Les récentes réformes en éducation encouragent le recours à l'apprentissage par les pairs et prônent le développement de compétences liées aux technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC). Or, depuis au moins une décennie, des formateurs exploitent de nouveaux environnements favorisant les interactions entre apprenants sans toutefois examiner de façon systématique l'apport des nouvelles technologies à ce type d'apprentissage. Dans cet ouvrage, les auteurs présentent quelques designs d'environnement d'apprentissage et étudient l'impact de tels dispositifs sur les nouvelles façons d'apprendre.Les formateurs pourront y puiser des idées d'activités éducatives. Les chercheurs bénéficieront des dispositifs méthodologiques qui y sont décrits et de la réflexion sur le plan conceptuel à laquelle l'ouvrage accorde une attention particulière. Enfin, les lecteurs, nous l'espérons, pourront y développer le goût d'apprendre en coopération et en collaboration.
A History of the Council of Ontario Universities, 1962-2000
Chronicles the rise and decline of Ontario universities from the halcyon 1960s to the Common Sense Revolution through the history of its planning association, the Council of Ontario Universities.
Collective Autonomy: A History of the Council of Ontario Universities, 1962-2000 is the first full-length account of an organization that has played a major role in the development of the university system in Ontario. Edward J. Monahan served as the council’s chief executive officer for over fifteen years. This is his insider’s account, enhanced by archival material, of the key role the universities played in planning the high academic quality of the Ontario provincial university system.
Collective Autonomy traces the evolution of Ontario universities over a period of forty years, from the halcyon days of the 1960s, during which massive injections of public funds transformed these institutions from ivory towers to public utilities, through the 1970s and ’80s when universities were downgraded as a government spending priority and problems began to develop. It concludes by looking at the problems created by the “Common Sense Revolution” and the resulting severe cutbacks in government grants to universities. It chronicles the efforts of the universities to preserve their autonomy while expanding their service to the common good, and their efforts to maintain the delicate balance between university autonomy and public accountability.
Vol. 30, no. 1 (2003) through current issue
College Literature publishes original and innovative scholarly research across the various periods, intellectual fields, and geographical locations of Anglophone and comparative literary studies. The journal is committed to the renewal of critique as a historically determinate practice, and to questioning existing disciplinary frameworks and challenging new critical orthodoxies. It aims to investigate the involvement of literature and critical practice in the broader parameters of public debate organized by such enduring (though mutating) political demarcations as that between private and public, the national and the global, and the cultural and the political.
A New Framework for University Writing Instruction
Composition research consistently demonstrates that the social context of writing determines the majority of conventions any writer must observe. Still, most universities organize the required first-year composition course as if there were an intuitive set of general writing "skills" usable across academic and work-world settings.
In College Writing and Beyond: A New Framework for University Writing Instruction, Anne Beaufort reports on a longitudinal study comparing one student’s experience in FYC, in history, in engineering, and in his post-college writing. Her data illuminate the struggle of college students to transfer what they learn about "general writing" from one context to another. Her findings suggest ultimately not that we must abolish FYC, but that we must go beyond even genre theory in reconceiving it.
Accordingly, Beaufort would argue that the FYC course should abandon its hope to teach a sort of general academic discourse, and instead should systematically teach strategies of responding to contextual elements that impinge on the writing situation. Her data urge attention to issues of learning transfer, and to developmentally sound linkages in writing instruction within and across disciplines. Beaufort advocates special attention to discourse community theory, for its power to help students perceive and understand the context of writing.
A Theory of Writing Assessment
In a provocative book-length essay, Patricia Lynne argues that most programmatic assessment of student writing in U.S. public and higher education is conceived in the terms of mid-20th century positivism. Since composition as a field had found its most compatible home in constructivism, she asks, why do compositionists import a conceptual frame for assessment that is incompatible with composition theory?
By casting this as a clash of paradigms, Lynne is able to highlight the ways in which each theory can and cannot influence the shape of assessment within composition. She laments, as do many in composition, that the objectively oriented paradigm of educational assessment theory subjugates and discounts the very social constructionist principles that empower composition pedagogy. Further, Lynne criticizes recent practice for accommodating the big business of educational testing—especially for capitulating to the discourse of positivism embedded in terms like "validity" and "reliability." These terms and concepts, she argues, have little theoretical significance within composition studies, and their technical and philosophical import are downplayed by composition assessment scholars.
There is a need, Lynne says, for terms of assessment that are native to composition. To open this needed discussion within the field, she analyzes cutting-edge assessment efforts, including the work of Broad and Haswell, and she advances a set of alternate terms for evaluating assessment practices, a set of terms grounded in constructivism and composition.
Coming to Terms is ambitious and principled, and it takes a controversial stand on important issues. This strong new volume in assessment theory will be of serious interest to assessment specialists and their students, to composition theorists, and to those now mounting assessments in their own programs.
Vers un système de modèles d'enseignement
Pierre angulaire de la pensée structurée, le concept est le symbole qui désigne ou représente la réalité. Manier efficacement les concepts, cela signifie qu’on exprime justement le réel, que l’on est capable à la fois de raisonner, de déboucher sur des conclusions et de défendre logiquement des opinions. Cela signifie également que l’on est capable de détecter et d’exprimer les nuances et les multiples facettes que comporte le réel lui-même.