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Antisemitism in Canada

History and Interpretation

This book is the first collection of scholarly essays to treat the topic of antisemitism in Canada, a complete history of which has yet to be written. Eleven leading thinkers in the field examine antisemitism in Canada, from the colonial era to the present day, in essays which reflect the saga of the nation itself. The history of the Jewish community, its struggles and its fortunes is mirrored in the wider history of Canada, from Confederation to the present.

The contributors cast light on Canadian antisemitism through a thorough examination of old and new tensions, including Anglo-French, east-west and Jewish-Ukrainian relations. Attitudes to Jews in pre-Confederation Canada, French Canada from Confederation to World War I as well as the interwar years, and in twentieth-century Ontario and Alberta from 1880-1950 are illustrated in various chapters. Of particular interest are the examinations of such well-known figures as Goldwin Smith, the greatly admired liberal historian of Victorian Canada, Adrien Arcand, the would-be Führer from Quebec, and James Keegstra and Ernst Züdel, of more recent notoriety. Analyses are also provided of Nazism and Canadian Protestantism and Jewish-Ukrainian relations since World War II. This is a complex and contentious subject; yet, to understand the ideas and forces that have sought to undermine the Jewish presence in Canada is to understand the dangers that threaten any democratic society, and thereby to guard against them.

This compelling collection of essays offers intelligent, readable accounts of an area of Canadian history about which we know too little.

Winner of the 1993 Jewish Book Committee award for Scholarship on a Canadian Jewish subject.

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Argimou

A Legend of the Micmac

S. Douglass S. Huyghue

Both an adventure-laced captivity tale and an impassioned denunciation of the marginalization of Indigenous culture in the face of European colonial expansion, Douglas Smith Huyghue’s Argimou (1847) is the first Canadian novel to describe the fall of eighteenth-century Fort Beauséjour and the expulsion of the Acadians. Its integration of the untamed New Brunswick landscape into the narrative, including a dramatic finale that takes place over the reversing falls in Saint John, intensifies a sense of the heroic proportions of the novel's protagonist, Argimou.

Even if read as an escapist romance and captivity tale, Argimou captures for posterity a sense of the Tantramar mists, boundless forests, and majestic waters informing the topographical character of pre-Victorian New Brunswick. Its snapshot of the human suffering occasioned by the 1755 expulsion of the Acadians, and its appeal to Victorian readers to pay attention to the increasingly disenfranchised state of Indigenous peoples, make the novel a valuable contribution to early Canadian fiction.

Situating the novel in its eighteenth-century historical and geographical context, the afterword to this new edition foregrounds the author's skilful adaptation of historical-fiction conventions popularized by Sir Walter Scott and additionally highlights his social concern for the fate of Indigenous cultures in nineteenth-century Maritime Canada.

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Artisans de la modernité

Les centres culturels en Ontario français

Diane Farmer

Au milieu du XXe siècle, soit au cours du passage de la société traditionnelle au monde contemporain, l’Ontario français a connu une rupture définitive dans son organisation sociale. C’est à ce moment que les Franco-Ontariens mettent sur pied un réseau unique de centres culturels, véritables foyers d’intégration d’une collectivité éclatée. Existe-t-il un lien entre ces deux phénomènes ? Pour répondre à cette question, Diane Farmer décrit les mécanismes de maintien et de transformation de l’identité franco-ontarienne en soulignant le rôle primordial du centre culturel dans ce processus. Elle analyse l’émergence et le fonctionnement de quatre centres culturels de l’Est et du Nord-Est, de même que la dynamique communautaire dans laquelle chacun inscrit son action. Cette étude lui permet de préciser les éléments qui assurent la cohésion du groupe et de cerner dans quelle mesure il y a création d’un espace francophone en Ontario.

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At the Speed of Light There is Only Illumination

A Reappraisal of Marshall McLuhan

edited by John Moss and Linda M. Morra

At the Speed of Light There is Only Illumination collects a dozen re-evaluative essays on Marshall McLuhan and his critical and theoretical legacy; from intellectual adventurer creating a complex architecture of ideas to cultural icon standing in line in Woody Allen’s Annie Hall. Given McLuhan’s prominent status in many academic disciplines, the contributors reflect a multi-disciplinary background. John Moss and Linda Morra chose the essays from a gathering of McLuhan’s academic devotees. The contribution – from “McLuhan as Medium” and “McLuhan in Space” to “What McLuhan Got Wrong” and “Trouble in the Global Village” – to provide a kaleidoscope of new views. As Moss writes of the collected essays: “Some are big and some are small, some exegetic and some confessional, some stand as major statements and others are sidelong glances; some resonate with the concerns of public discourse and others are private or privileged or impious and provocative. Each consists of many parts, each a design on its own. They speak to each other…they may have come together as one version of what happened.”

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Au fil des ans

L'Union catholique des fermières de la province d'Ontario de 1936 à 1945

Estelle Huneault

L’Union catholiques des fermières de la province d’Ontario, connue aujourd’hui sous le nom de l’Union culturelle des Franco-Ontariennes, est, depuis soixante ans, très active dans les milieux francophones ontariens. Dans cet ouvrage, Estelle Huneault a étudié un domaine peu exploré concernant les circonstances qui ont amené les femmes rurales franco-ontariennes des années trente à se regrouper dans une association autonome, francophone et catholique. Elle a brillamment démontré que les luttes de pouvoir entre la hiérarchie catholique et les dirigeants de l’État québécois ont eu des répercussions sur l’organisation et sur les orientations qui ont été prises par l’Union catholique des fermières en Ontario, association fondée en vue de favoriser l’émancipation de cette catégorie des femmes. Adoptant une approche féministe matérialiste, l’analyse de l’auteure a permis de constater que les pouvoirs étatiques et ecclésiastiques se sont approprié le mouvement des femmes rurales franco-ontariennes pour en faire une organisation répondant à leurs conceptions du rôle des femmes dans la société.

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Au service du Canada

Histoire du Royal Military College depuis la Deuxième Guerre mondiale

Richard Preston

En 1965, le Canada reçut son nouveau drapeau ; ce événement reflétait les grands changements qui s’étaient produits au cours des vingt années qui avaient suivi la Deuxième Guerre mondiale : la société canadienne était devenue hautement industrialisée, à l’avant-garde de la technologie et cosmopolite. Ce nouveau drapeau s’inspirait de celui qui flottait depuis des années au Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), ce qui lui donnait, par le fait même, une signification qui allait bien au-delà du simple souci esthétique, le développement du RMC étant intimement lié à celui du Canada. Durant les quarante dernières années, le RMC a su s’adapter à plusieurs changements. C’est ainsi que, devenant un lieu d’apprentissage privilégié et l’une des plus importantes universités du pays, il a formé des officiers professionnels de carrière. Le RMC a su relever les défis que représentaient, entre autres, l’intégration militaire et l’unification des forces, le bilinguisme, l’émergence du Collège militaire royal et du Royal Roads Military College, l’arrivée des femmes dans des rôles non traditionnels, les aspects culturels changeants du Canada et la montée fulgurante des nouvelles technologies. Dans un monde où les préceptes de la vie militaire apparaissent de plus en plus abstraits, la compétition constante que se livrent les candidats désirant être admis au RMC est la preuve irréfutable de sa pérennité comme lieu de savoir et de leadership.

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Aux origines de l'identité franco-ontarien

Éducation, culture, économie

Chad Gaffield

Durant les années 1880, les francophones de l’est de l’Ontario ont formulé une définition de leur communauté à la fois enracinée dans le passé et issue de circonstance contemporaines. En effet, c’est par suite de la controverse sur la langue d’enseignement en Ontario qu’émergeait l’identité franco-ontarienne. À partir de 1830, l’est de l’Ontario, surtout le comté de Prescott, est le point de jonction géographique des Canadas anglais et français, la boucle de la ceinture bilingue. Ainsi, l’immigration en provenance du Québec transforme cette région, d’une zone frontière où vit une population anglophone clairsemée, en un secteur à majorité francophone. Dès lors, toute l’attention de la province se tourne vers ce comté ; la controverse sur la langue d’enseignement s’intensifie particulièrement après 1885, alors que le gouvernement ontarien adopte une série de mesures destinées à restreindre l’utilisation du français dans les écoles de la province. Chad Gaffield examine ici la question linguistique par rapport à l’histoire sociale et à l’identité culturelle de l’est de l’Ontario. Il compare directement les écrits des autorités et des divers dirigeants sociaux au XIXe siècle en Ontario avec les opinions et l’expérience réelles des résidents de cette région.

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Barren Grounds

The Story of the Tragic Moffatt Canoe Trip

Skip Pessl

In 1955 Arthur Moffatt led an expedition consisting of young college students and recent graduates to the Inuit lands of Nunavut, Canada, to follow the path of the 1893 Tyrrell expedition and to film and photograph the group’s progress. The expedition, a 900-mile epic journey across the Barren Lands of Arctic Canada, has stirred controversy and criticism for over fifty years. The trip has been variously described as “the pioneering venture in modern recreational canoe travel” and as “an excellent example of how not to conduct a canoe trip.” Delays took their toll on the adventurers, exhausted by the seemingly endless paddling through unknown rivers and lakes, the trek across the windswept tundra, and torment by voracious insects. Threatened with diminishing food reserves and increasingly harsh weather, the members of the expedition were forced to travel with greater speed and less caution, and ultimately a fatal mistake was made. Two of the canoes capsized, dumping four men into the frigid waters. Moffatt, the leader, died of exposure. It took the survivors ten days of arduous travel with minimum food and equipment to reach the safety of the Hudson’s Bay Company post.

Barren Grounds features passages from the journals of two young Moffatt party members and excerpts about the 1893 expedition of Joseph Burr Tyrrell, along with entries from the journal of Art Moffatt himself.

Part cautionary tale, part nail-biting adventure, the book will appeal to outdoorsmen and armchair adventurers alike.

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Basements and Attics, Closets and Cyberspace

Explorations in Canadian Women’s Archives

Edited by Linda M. Morra

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The Battle for Berlin, Ontario

An Historical Drama

In August 1914, Berlin, Ontario, settled largely by people of German origin, was a thriving, peaceful city. By the spring of 1915 it was a city torn apart by the tensions of war. By September 1916, Berlin had become Kitchener. It began with the need to raise a battalion of 1,100 men to support the British war effort.

Meeting with resistance from a peace-loving community and spurred on by the jingoistic nationalism that demanded troops to fight the hated “Hun,” frustrated soldiers began assaulting citizens in the streets and, on one infamous occasion, a Lutheran clergyman in his parsonage. Out of this turmoil arose a movement to rid the city of its German name, and this campaign, together with the recruiting efforts, made 1916 the most turbulent year in Kitchener’s history.

This is the story of the men and women involved in these battles, the soldiers, the civic officials, the business leaders, and the innocent bystanders, and how they behaved in the face of conditions they had never before experienced.

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