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The 1940 Under the Volcano

A Critical Edition

Malcolm Lowry

Upon completion, The 1940 Under the Volcano was shown by Lowry’s agent, Harold (Hal) Matson, to thirteen publishers in New York and then withdrawn. By that time, Lowry was already working on the 1947 Under the Volcano for which he became internationally renowned

The 1940 Under the Volcano is a bridge between Lowry’s 1930s fiction (especially In Ballast to the White Sea) and the 1947 Under the Volcano itself. In 1994, it was transcribed for posthumous publication, with a sensitive introduction by Frederick Asals and was offered by MLR Editions Canada in a short print-run. Although Asals wrote eloquently about the position of The 1940 Under the Volcano in Lowry’s corpus, scholars have only recently begun to pay systematic attention to convergences and divergences between this earlier work and the 1947 version. 

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The 1956 Hungarian Revolution

Hungarian and Canadian Perspectives

edited by Christopher Adam, Tibor Egervari, Leslie Laczko & Judy Young

In October 1956, a spontaneous uprising took Hungarian Communist authorities by surprise, prompting Soviet authorities to invade the country. After a few days of violent fighting, the revolt was crushed. In the wake of the event, some 200,000 refugees left Hungary, 35,000 of whom made their way to Canada. This would be the first time Canada would accept so many refugees of a single origin, setting a precedent for later refugee initiatives. More than fifty years later, this collection focuses on the impact of the revolution in Hungary, in Canada, and around the world.

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Aboriginal Canada Revisited

edited by Kerstin Knopf

Exploring a variety of topics—including health, politics, education, art, literature, media, and film—Aboriginal Canada Revisited draws a portrait of the current political and cultural position of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples. While lauding improvements made in the past decades, the contributors draw attention to the systemic problems that continue to marginalize Aboriginal people within Canadian society. From the Introduction: “[This collection helps] to highlight areas where the colonial legacy still takes its toll, to acknowledge the manifold ways of Aboriginal cultural expression, and to demonstrate where Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people are starting to find common ground.” Contributors include Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scholars from Europe and Canada, including Marlene Atleo, University of Manitoba; Mansell Griffin, Nisga’a Village of Gitwinksihlkw, British Columbia; Robert Harding, University College of the Fraser Valley; Tricia Logan, University of Manitoba; Steffi Retzlaff, McMaster University; Siobhán Smith, University of British Columbia; Barbara Walberg, Confederation College.

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Acadiensis: Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Revue d’histoire de la region atlantique

Vol. 45, (2016) through current issue

Established in 1971, Acadiensis is a journal of regional history devoted to the study of Atlantic Canada, the northeast, and the Atlantic World from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. The essential source for reading and research on the region, Acadiensis is one of Canada’s leading scholarly journals. It contains both English and French research articles (with bilingual abstracts), review essays, forums, ​historiographic comments, and research notes​ and documents.

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The Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada

A Survey Showing American Parallels

Paul Sharp

The Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada was first published in 1948. A revised edition appeared in 1997. In the 1940s, two American graduate students travelled to the prairie provinces to research Canadian farm movements. One was Seymour Martin Lipset and the other was Paul F. Sharp. Subsequently, their revised dissertations were published as books. Lipset’s Agrarian Socialism (1950), a sociological study of Saskatchewan’s Cooperative Commonwealth (CCF), is the better known of the two and has remained the point of departure for scholarship on the CCF ever since. Though not as frequently cited, Sharp’s Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada is the standard work on its topic as well. It explores the history of agrarian insurgency in the prairie provinces from the turn of the century until the Depression of the 1930s. From Sharp’s perspective, his work outlined the background of both Alberta’s Social Credit and Saskatchewan’s CCF. What made it provocative at the time was its emphasis upon American influences in these earlier movements. Virtually all reviewers acknowledged its contribution, and W. L. Morton offered a particularly enthusiastic assessment of its merits. The Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada provides an essential understanding of the development of agrarian movements in the prairie provinces, and a very useful perspective on such efforts south of the forty-ninth parallel.In honour of the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of The Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada, the Canadian Plains Research Center is pleased to make this seminal study available once more to students of both the Canadian and American farm movements. New introductions by Professors William Pratt (University of Nebraska, Omaha) and Lorne Brown (University of Regina) examine Sharp’s legacy from a contemporary American and Canadian perspective respectively.

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The American response to Canada since 1776

Gordon T. Stewart

Canadians long have engaged in in-depth, wide-ranging discussions about their nation's relations with the United States. On the other hand, American citizens usually have been satisfied to accept a series of unexamined myths about their country's unchanging, benign partnership with the "neighbor to the north". Although such perceptions of uninterrupted, friendly relations with Canada may dominate American popular opinion, not to mention discussions in many American scholarly and political circles, they should not, according to Stewart, form the bases for long-term U.S. international economic, political, and cultural relations with Canada. Stewart describes and analyzes the evolution of U.S. policymaking and U.S. policy thinking toward Canada, from the tense and confrontational post-Revolutionary years to the signing of the Free Trade Agreement in 1988, to discover if there are any permanent characteristics of American policies and attitudes with respect to Canada. American policymakers were concerned for much of the period before World War II with Canada's role in the British empire, often regarded as threatening, or at least troubling, to developing U.S. hegemony in North America and even, in the late nineteenth century, to U.S. trade across the Pacific. A permanent goal of U.S. policymakers was to disengage Canada from that empire. They also thought that Canada's natural geographic and economic orientation was southward to the U.S., and policymakers were critical of Canadian efforts to construct an east- west economy. The Free Trade Agreement of 1988 which prepared the way for north-south lines of economic force, in this context, had been an objective of U.S. foreign policy since the founding of the republic in 1776. At the same time, however, these deep-seated U.S. goals were often undermined by domestic lobbies and political factors within the U.S., most evidently during the era of high tariffs from the 1860s to the 1930s when U.S. tariff policies actually encouraged a separate, imperially-backed economic and cultural direction in Canada. When the dramatic shift toward integration in trade, investment, defense and even popular culture began to take hold in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s in the wake of the Depression and World War II, American policymakers viewed themselves as working in harmony with underlying, "natural" converging economic, political and cultural trends recognized and accepted by their Canadian counterparts.

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Anne Hébert

Le secret de vie et de mort

André Brochu

Très rapidement, Anne Hébert trouve sa voie, singulière entre toutes celles de notre littérature : le matérialisme. Entendons par là que, récusant l’enseignement religieux, c’est dans les profondeurs du moi que l’auteure cherche la vérité de l’être ; et la plongée en soi révèle essentiellement, comme le disait Freud, le jeu des pulsions. Pulsions de vie et de mort. Toute l’oeuvre est un quête du secret logé dans le coeur charnel, une quête du désir et des risques mortels qu’il fait courir à celui ou celle (François, Catherine, Elisabeth, Julie, Héloïse, Stevens…) qui s’abîme en lui. Cette étude couvre l’ensemble des écrits (poésie, roman, théâtre), jusqu’aux plus récents publiés par Anne Hébert. Les textes les plus importants font l’objet d’une analyse détaillée. Les continuités thématiques, relevées avec précision, font ressortir l’unité de l’œuvre ainsi que la complicité entre roman et poésie. Et la mise en lumière des différences permet d’observer l’évolution de la problématique d’ensemble. Écrit dans une langue claire, le discours critique évite tout jargon, et l’analyse se garde de toute perspective réductrice. L’oeuvre est mise en parallèle avec les grandes orientations littéraires contemporaines, ce qui met en évidence des aspects nouveaux comme la différence fondamentale avec l’oeuvre de Saint-Denys Garneau, et révèle en Anne Hébert l’une des grandes exploratrices de l’intériorité pulsionnelle de notre littérature.

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Anne of Tim Hortons

Globalization and the Reshaping of Atlantic-Canadian Literature

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Antisemitism in Canada

History and Interpretation

This book is the first collection of scholarly essays to treat the topic of antisemitism in Canada, a complete history of which has yet to be written. Eleven leading thinkers in the field examine antisemitism in Canada, from the colonial era to the present day, in essays which reflect the saga of the nation itself. The history of the Jewish community, its struggles and its fortunes is mirrored in the wider history of Canada, from Confederation to the present.

The contributors cast light on Canadian antisemitism through a thorough examination of old and new tensions, including Anglo-French, east-west and Jewish-Ukrainian relations. Attitudes to Jews in pre-Confederation Canada, French Canada from Confederation to World War I as well as the interwar years, and in twentieth-century Ontario and Alberta from 1880-1950 are illustrated in various chapters. Of particular interest are the examinations of such well-known figures as Goldwin Smith, the greatly admired liberal historian of Victorian Canada, Adrien Arcand, the would-be Führer from Quebec, and James Keegstra and Ernst Züdel, of more recent notoriety. Analyses are also provided of Nazism and Canadian Protestantism and Jewish-Ukrainian relations since World War II. This is a complex and contentious subject; yet, to understand the ideas and forces that have sought to undermine the Jewish presence in Canada is to understand the dangers that threaten any democratic society, and thereby to guard against them.

This compelling collection of essays offers intelligent, readable accounts of an area of Canadian history about which we know too little.

Winner of the 1993 Jewish Book Committee award for Scholarship on a Canadian Jewish subject.

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Artisans de la modernité

Les centres culturels en Ontario français

Diane Farmer

Au milieu du XXe siècle, soit au cours du passage de la société traditionnelle au monde contemporain, l’Ontario français a connu une rupture définitive dans son organisation sociale. C’est à ce moment que les Franco-Ontariens mettent sur pied un réseau unique de centres culturels, véritables foyers d’intégration d’une collectivité éclatée. Existe-t-il un lien entre ces deux phénomènes ? Pour répondre à cette question, Diane Farmer décrit les mécanismes de maintien et de transformation de l’identité franco-ontarienne en soulignant le rôle primordial du centre culturel dans ce processus. Elle analyse l’émergence et le fonctionnement de quatre centres culturels de l’Est et du Nord-Est, de même que la dynamique communautaire dans laquelle chacun inscrit son action. Cette étude lui permet de préciser les éléments qui assurent la cohésion du groupe et de cerner dans quelle mesure il y a création d’un espace francophone en Ontario.

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