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Innovative Water Resource Use and Management for Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Anthology

Paulos Chanie

Publication Year: 2014

Like in many parts of the world, water resources in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been pivotal for human survival, economic growth, social development, and practicing certain religion and cultural ethos. However, in spite of the intrinsic values of water, its use and management in sub-Saharan Africa has not been without limitations. The demand for water resources is increasing mainly due to rapid population growth, industrialization and urbanization and dealing with water-related issues has been complex and challenging for sustainable growth. Whilst there are various efforts by national governments, non-government organizations and communities to effectively and efficiently utilize and manage water resources, there are few comprehensive studies in sub- Saharan Africa that show the impact of the efforts on poverty reduction. Although certain reports indicate that many SSA countries lack clear vision on how water use can be harnessed with pro-poor growth and how poor communities can be capacitated to use water for poverty reduction, there are little exhaustive studies that clearly show familiar and innovative water use and management interventions followed by communities, national governments and other stakeholders, and demonstrate the challenges and successes of the same. Cognizant of the knowledge gap, in 2012 OSSREA launched a research project on ordinary and innovative water use and management patterns and practices in SSA, with a view to generate new knowledge on unexploited opportunities that could enhance the contribution of water resources to poverty reduction. This anthology documents various issues including water use and management in agriculture especially in irrigation projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe; water harvesting in Kenya and Uganda; the role of local water use institutions in Ethiopia; and water source maintenance and protection in Uganda.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. iii-

About the Authors

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pp. iv-v

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Introduction

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pp. vi-xii

Like in many parts of the world, water resources in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been pivotal for human survival, economic growth, social development, and practicing certain religion and cultural ethos. Water in this region is used for drinking, keeping hygiene and sanitation, irrigation, energy production, industrial use, transportation, but to mention a few. ...

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1. Water Resources Use and Management for Poverty Alleviation in Gerado Irrigation Scheme, South Wollo, Ethiopia

Hassen Beshir

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pp. 1-40

The objective of the study was to examine dimensions of poverty and determinants of the use of water resources for poverty alleviation, in Gerado Irrigation Scheme, South Wollo. Qualitative and quantitative data were used and analyzed, using various descriptive and econometric techniques (Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke model and Heckman model). ...

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2. Innovative Risk-Reduction Measures and Urban Welfare in Wastewater-Irrigated Agriculture: An Endogenous Switching Regression Approach for Nairobi, Kenya

Ezekiel N. Ndunda, Eric D. Mungatana

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pp. 41-66

This paper examines the ex post impact of adopting innovative risk-reduction measures in wastewater irrigation on consumption expenditure and crop income in urban and peri-urban Kenya. The study relies on cross-sectional data of 317 households, which was obtained in a survey conducted between December 2011 and February 2012, in the Motoine-Ngong River basin in Nairobi. ...

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3. River Based Agricultural Water Use Innovations in Uganda Kabarole District: Opportunities and Challenges

Kirungi Jackline

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pp. 67-94

The paper is part of the overall efforts to examine the nexus between water and poverty in southern and eastern parts of Africa, with a case study of Uganda. Agricultural water use innovations remain to be seen as one area of great activity in improving efficiency and effectiveness of water, mainly in Africa. ...

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4. Approaches to Agricultural Water Utilization and Management for Poverty Alleviation: A Case of Makonde District, Mashonaland West Province, in Zimbabwe

Esther Sigauke, Rumbidza D. Katsaruware

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pp. 95-110

Zimbabwe has been experiencing scarcity of water due to climate change. This has prompted the agriculture-dependent population to device coping strategies, to mitigate impacts of climate change, whilst reducing poverty. In this paper, innovative water resource utilization and management approaches that play a critical role in poverty alleviation are examined. ...

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5. Harnessing Water for Poverty Alleviation: Water Resource Use and Management in Informal Irrigation Schemes in Nyamaropa Communal Lands, Zimbabwe

Krasposy Kujinga, Sunungurai Dominica Chingarande

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pp. 111-136

Informal irrigation has a long history, which dates back to precolonial Zimbabwe. The practice is not officially recognized though it supports and sustains a significant number of rural households. This study was undertaken in Nyanga District, in Nyamaropa communal lands. Quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. ...

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6. Innovative but Not Feasible: Green Water Saving Schemes at the Crossroad in Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya

Chris Allan Shisanya, Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Joy Apiyo Obando

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pp. 137-174

Green Water Saving (GWS) schemes are very crucial in determining the availability of blue water in streams, lakes and groundwater. Green water is being depleted in Kenya due to the effects of deforestation and climate change. ...

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7. Drivers for Adoption of Water Harvesting Technologies in Uganda With Reference to Lira District in Northern Region

Tobias Onweng

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pp. 175-204

Despite the availability of abundant water resources, most farming households in Lira District still depend on rain for agricultural production. While policies for water (1999) and agriculture (2011) support water use for production, they have not been effectively implemented. ...

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8. The Role of Local Institutions in Water Use Management and its Implications for Poverty Reduction: The Case of Small-Scale Irrigation in Tigray

Fredu Nega, Sintayoh Fisseha

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pp. 205-232

Abstract: The overall goal of this paper is to understand the role of local water use institutions in water use management and community relations, and its implication on poverty reduction in Tigray region of Northern Ethiopia. Based on 289 households in three irrigation schemes, the paper measured the operation of Water User Associations (WUA) and analyzed the implications on poverty, ...

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9. Assessment of the Impact of Innovations in Water Resource Management on Poverty in Wakiso District, Uganda

Jamil Serwanga, Faisal Buyinza

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pp. 233-262

This study set out to assess the impact of innovations in water resource management on poverty reduction in Wakiso District, Uganda. Data for the study comprised primary data that was collected from respondents using a structured questionnaire and supplemented with personal interviews. ...

Back cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789994455775
Print-ISBN-13: 9789994455751

Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2014