Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Essays
Biblical and Early Christianity Studies from Malawi
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Abbreviations for Qumran Literature
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The present book offers an opportunity to bring together selected essays prepared over the past few years. The book has fifteen essays touching on various issues in Biblical Studies and Early Christianity, ranging from the history and life of the Qumran covenanters, a Jewish religious sect that lived along the Dead Sea ...
Chapter One - Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls: History and Practice of the Qumran Community
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The initial scholarly response to the Dead Sea Scrolls was an awareness of the contribution they would make to our understanding of the Old Testament. Soon, however, scholarly opinion shifted to their significance to the New Testament as the Christian public longed for an explanation of their relationship to early Christianity. ...
Chapter Two - Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Theology of the Qumran Community
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In the previous chapter, I discussed the history of the Qumran community and some of their practices. The community also achieved significant developments in theological reflection. In this chapter I shall look at their theological perspectives in relation to the New Testament. I will focus on dualism, eschatology, sacraments, the after-life and on religious language. ...
Chapter Three - The Old Testament and Jewish Hermeneutics
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There is no handy rule by which to explain the manner in which the New Testament writers use their Scriptures which to us are represented more or less by the Old Testament of the Christian Bible or the Hebrew Bible. This situation has led to misunderstanding among scholars as to how the two testaments relate to each other in terms of scriptural interpretation. ...
Chapter Four - New Testament Exegesis of the Old Testament
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In this chapter I shall look at major approaches to the exegesis of the Old Testament which the New Testament writers took. It has already been hinted that these approaches were not exclusively Christian but rather that they were shared with Jewish scholarship at large. ...
Chapter Five - Discipleship in Matthew: A Redaction - Critical Study
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Matthew has used his sources to construct a broad portrayal of discipleship. His idea of a disciple is not limited to the twelve historical disciples of Jesus. It extends to include other followers of Jesus who together form the Matthean community of disciples. Redaction–critical studies have shed much light on this view of discipleship in Matthew’s gospel. ...
Chapter Six - "Love Your Enemies": A Study of Luke 6:27-36
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Jesus’ teaching about loving enemies forms a climactic statement in the new teaching he brings about the kingdom of God. It clearly indicates that the new ethic and the life it presupposes are grounded in the love and mercy of God. Life in the kingdom is to be governed by being merciful even to the undeserving, just as God is merciful to all. ...
Chapter Seven - Table Fellowship in the Gospel of Luke
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Meals play a central role in the Lukan narrative of the gospel. Much of previous Lukan studies approached the question of the role of meals in Luke’s gospel from a historical-theological perspective. It is not until recently that the social dimension of table fellowship in Luke’s contemporary world began to receive much scholarly attention. ...
Chapter Eight - Acts as History in Ancient Historiography
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The genre of the Book of Acts has been a subject for scholarly debate for a long time. There are still divergent views on the subject. Proposals range from ancient lives, through Hellenistic and Jewish historiography, to historical fiction. In this chapter I argue that Acts of the Apostles is a standard ancient historiography with a strong Jewish apologetic motif. ...
Chapter Nine - History of the Johannine Community: Its Possibility and Legitimacy
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The attempt to reconstruct and write a history of the Johannine community is a legitimate and worthwhile task to undertake. This chapter argues that although the task is a difficult one, a reconstruction of the history of a Johannine community helps us better understand the nature and character of the first recipients of the Gospel ...
Chapter Ten - Water as Revelatory Symbol in John 1-12
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The Fourth Gospel more than any other canonical gospel uses symbolic language as a means to communicate its kerygma. In this section of the gospel such themes as life, light, judgment and of course water are woven into the narrative, not in direct progression with each theme developed from beginning to end, but rather in a symphonic way like musical notes. ...
Chapter Eleven - Ignatius: Martyrdom or Suicide? A Study in Light of His Letter to the Romans
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At first glance, one would easily conclude that Ignatius’ death is a suicide case. His willingness to die and the manner in which he arranges and conducts his journey to Rome, refusing to have anyone prevent his impending death through the beasts in the arena would seem to support such a preliminary view. ...
Chapter Twelve - Martyrdom of Perpetua: Public Spaces and the Early Christian Martyrs
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In the early church martyrdom served a number of functions. Martyrdom was viewed as an embodiment of Christian witness both to Christians themselves and to non-Christians. It also served as a process of self-definition for the church as it struggled with its own theological self-understanding. ...
Chapter Thirteen - Ritual and Symbolism as a Hermeneutical Approach
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The study of the New Testament which was previously dominated by philosophical, historical and literary approaches is now coming more and more under the influence of sociological and anthropological methods. New Testament scholars are now turning to the study of the Mediterranean world in search for clues ...
Chapter Fourteen - The Use of ‘Hallelujah’ and the Malawian Context
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This chapter is an attempt to examine its Biblical significance and usage in the worshipping community of Israel and the implication of such usage in the history of the church with special focus on its use in contemporary Christianity, particularly in the Malawian context. ...
Chapter Fifteen - Gender Differentiation in the Bible: Created and Recognized
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The thesis of the chapter is that according to the Bible, gender differentiation is created and recognized (accepted).1 In light of this assertion, it will be demonstrated that apparent marginalization of the women folk in society2 based on their feminine gender is not inherent in creation.3 ...
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Page Count: 198
Publication Year: 2013