Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Essays
Biblical and Early Christianity Studies from Malawi
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Abbreviations for Qumran Literature
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The present book offers an opportunity to bring together selected essays prepared over the past few years. The book has fifteen essays touching on various issues in Biblical Studies and Early Christianity, ranging from the history and life of the Qumran covenanters, a Jewish religious sect that lived along the Dead Sea in the last few centuries before Christ, and possibly in the first century after Christ, through the ...
Chapter One - Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls: History and Practice of the Qumran Community
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The initial scholarly response to the Dead Sea Scrolls was an awareness of the contribution they would make to our understanding of the Old Testament. Soon, however, scholarly opinion shifted to their significance to the New Testament as the Christian public longed for an explanation of their relationship to early Christianity. The discussion of the relationship between the Dead Sea Scrolls and the New ...
Chapter Two - Significance of the Ddead Sea Scrolls: Theology of the Qumran Community
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In the previous chapter, I discussed the history of the Qumran community and some of their practices. The community also achieved significant developments in theological reflection. In this chapter I shall look at their theological perspectives in relation to the New Testament. I will focus on dualism, eschatology, The basic philosophical and religious concept that shaped the religious and ...
Chapter Three - The Old Testament and Jewish Hermeneutics
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There is no handy rule by which to explain the manner in which the New Testament writers use their Scriptures which to us are represented more or less by the Old Testament of the Christian Bible or the Hebrew Bible. This situation has led to misunderstanding among scholars as to how the two testaments relate to each other in terms of scriptural interpretation. Paul Joyce claims that a "careful study of the ...
Chapter Four - New Testament Exegesis of the Old Testament
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In this chapter I shall look at major approaches to the exegesis of the Old Testament which the New Testament writers took. It has already been hinted that these approaches were not exclusively Christian but rather that they were shared with The term midrash is used in different senses by those who apply it to New Testament studies. When taken in its broader sense it only becomes vague. It is often ...
Chapter Five - Discipleship in Matthew: A Redaction - Critical Study
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Matthew has used his sources to construct a broad portrayal of discipleship. His idea of a disciple is not limited to the twelve historical disciples of Jesus. It extends to include other followers of Jesus who together form the Matthean community of disciples. Redaction–critical studies have shed much light on this view of discipleship in Matthew’s gospel. This chapter is an attempt to highlight some of the ...
Chapter Six - "Love Your Enemies": A Study of Luke 6:27-36
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Jesus’ teaching about loving enemies forms a climactic statement in the new teaching he brings about the kingdom of God. It clearly indicates that the new ethic and the life it presupposes are grounded in the love and mercy of God. Life in the kingdom is to be governed by being merciful even to the undeserving, just as God is merciful to all. This chapter examines the love command in light of its Old ...
Chapter Seven - Table Fellowship in the Gospel of Luke
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Meals play a central role in the Lukan narrative of the gospel. Much of previous Lukan studies approached the question of the role of meals in Luke’s gospel from a historical-theological perspective. It is not until recently that the social dimension of table fellowship in Luke’s contemporary world began to receive much scholarly attention. Information derived from the social-anthropological approach can in turn ...
Chapter Eight - Acts as History in Ancient Historiography
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The genre of the Book of Acts has been a subject for scholarly debate for a long time. There are still divergent views on the subject. Proposals range from ancient lives, through Hellenistic and Jewish historiography, to historical fiction. In this chapter I argue that Acts of the Apostles is a standard ancient historiography with a Pervo is probably the most critical scholar, in recent times, against the view that the ...
Chapter Nine - History of the Johannine Community: Its Possibility and Legitimacy
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The attempt to reconstruct and write a history of the Johannine community is a legitimate and worthwhile task to undertake. This chapter argues that although the task is a difficult one, a reconstruction of the history of a Johannine community helps us better understand the nature and character of the first recipients of the Gospel and leads to a fresh appreciation of the Gospel’s message. It further ...
Chapter Ten - Water as Revelatory Symbol in John 1-12
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The Fourth Gospel more than any other canonical gospel uses symbolic language as a means to communicate its kerygma. In this section of the gospel such themes as life, light, judgment and of course water are woven into the narrative, not in direct progression with each theme developed from beginning to end, but rather in a symphonic way like musical notes. A theme is introduced, developed to some point, ...
Chapter Eleven - Ignatius: Martyrdom or Suicide? A Study in Light of His Letter to the Romans
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At first glance, one would easily conclude that Ignatius’ death is a suicide case. His willingness to die and the manner in which he arranges and conducts his journey to Rome, refusing to have anyone prevent his impending death through the beasts in the arena would seem to support such a preliminary view. A careful study of Ignatius’ letters and the times in which he lived, however, does not lead to such a ...
Chapter Twelve - Martyrdom of Perpetua: Public Spaces and the Early Christian Martyrs
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In the early church martyrdom served a number of functions. Martyrdom was viewed as an embodiment of Christian witness both to Christians themselves and to non-Christians. It also served as a process of self-definition for the church as it struggled with its own theological self-understanding. The texts do generally portray reflection or development of important Christian teachings. Martyrdom also served ...
Chapter Thirteen - Ritual and Symbolism as a Hermeneutical Approach
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The study of the New Testament which was previously dominated by philosophical, historical and literary approaches is now coming more and more under the influence of sociological and anthropological methods. New Testament scholars are now turning to the study of the Mediterranean world in search for clues that would enhance our understanding of the world in which Jesus lived.1 It is now generally ...
Chapter Fourteen - The Use of ‘Hallelujah’ and the Malawian Context
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The Use of ‘Hallelujah’ (g676g681g677g684g684g676) and the The term "Hallelujah" is probably the most commonly used Christian expression in contemporary Christian evangelistic rallies. The term Hallelujah is from the Hebrew word "Hallelû Yg407h" (g676g681g677g684g684g676)1 and literally means "Praise Yah".2 The "Yah" (g676g681) in the term is a short form for the name "Yahweh."3 Other contracted forms for the ...
Chapter Fifteen - Gender Differentiation in the Bible: Created and Recognized
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The thesis of the chapter is that according to the Bible, gender differentiation is created and recognized (accepted).1 In light of this assertion, it will be demonstrated that apparent marginalization of the women folk in society2 based on their feminine g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g3g31 The original version of this chapter was delivered at the Association of the Theological ...
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Page Count: 198
Publication Year: 2013