Malawi and Scotland Together in the Talking Place Since 1859
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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The knowledge on which this book is based has been formed primarily through conversations with friends over the many years since I first arrived in Malawi in 1988. First and foremost, I acknowledge my debt to my colleagues at the University of Malawi and in the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian who have immeasurably expanded my understanding ...
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1. Introduction: Two Nations in Conversation
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Amidst the conflicts, wars, tensions and tumults of the early 21st century, one inter-national relationship which could easily be overlooked is the one between Malawi and Scotland. Why should there be any significant relationship between one small nation on Europe’s north-western seaboard and another in the interior of Africa? How did it reach the stage ...
2. First Encounters: Livingstone and Friends in Malawi
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The crowd at Kamuzu Stadium, Malawi’s national football ground in Blantyre, on 11 April 2009 was bedecked in blue cloth bearing a portrait of David Livingstone and the words “gospel, peace, freedom and fair trade”. Malawians had come in their thousands to mark the 150thanniversary of the arrival of David Livingstone in their country. They ...
3. Scots in Malawi: the Early Days
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The idea of a Scottish mission to Malawi had been canvassed during Livingstone’s lifetime by James Stewart who had accompanied the celebrated explorer on some of his Central African journeys and who was inspired to champion the idea of establishing an industrial mission there. His initial approach to his own church, the Free Church of Scotland, did ...
4. Encounter and Transformation
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By the time the British Protectorate was established in 1891, it was clear that the initial contact made by Livingstone and his friends thirty years earlier had been consolidated. Even by the 1880s it was clear, as James McCarthy remarks, that “there never was a region of Africa more replete with Scots whether missionaries, administrators, traders, or engineers, ...
5. War and Peace
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The period which stretched from the establishment of the British Protectorate in 1891 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 saw increasing opportunity for Malawians and Scots to encounter one another, albeit within the constraints of a colonial age. Both the Livingstonia and Blantyre Missions grew exponentially during these ...
6. Colonialism and Resistance
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The Chilembwe Rising exposed a deep ambivalence in the Scottish involvement in Malawi, personified by Alexander Livingstone Bruce on the one hand and Alexander Hetherwick on the other. There can be no doubt that, of the two, Hetherwick was much closer to upholding the understanding of African dignity and destiny which David Livingstone ...
7. Deepening Friendship
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Notwithstanding the fact that Scottish missionaries were, to no small degree, implicated in colonial rule and therefore legitimate targets for its critics within African communities, even in this antagonistic environment there were factors which made for the cultivation of mutual respect and friendship. Not to be underestimated, for one thing, is the requirement for ...
8. Together Against Federation
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A significant milestone was passed in the early 1950s with the deaths of the last Malawians who had a personal memory of David Livingstone’s arrival in Malawi. Cullen Young took note of this development in an article entitled “End of an Era in Livingstonia: Death of Two Men Who Remembered Livingstone”.1 These were Yuraya Chatonda Chirwa, who ...
9. Achieving Independence
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After the failure of its initial programme of civil disobedience, the Nyasaland African Congress concentrated its efforts on the Nyasaland Legislative Council where some of its articulate young leaders, like withdrawal from the Federation. To the surprise and dismay of the Government, Hansard became a best seller as African readers developed ...
10. One-Party Rule and the Struggle for Democracy
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Malawi’s first Cabinet comprised nine Malawians and one Scot - Colin Cameron, the Minister of Works. Of the Malawians, five had been educated at Livingstonia Mission schools: Hastings Kamuzu Banda, Prime Minister; Dunduzu Chisiza, Parliamentary Secretary, Finance; Yatuta Chisiza, Parliamentary Secretary, Labour; Kanyama Chiume, ...
11. Malawian Democracy, Scottish Devolution and Partnership Renewed
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The decades which followed Malawi’s independence in 1964 saw a continuation of the special connection with Scotland but it would not be unfair to conclude that it had moved into a lower key. It became apparent around the time of the Millennium, however, that something was stirring in Scotland Malawi relations. Both nations had undergone significant ...
12. Conclusion: The Conversation Continues
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Malawi’s first President, Kamuzu Banda, used to say to visiting Scottish Moderators: “Had there been no Church of Scotland there would have been no Malawi.”1 From the arrival of David Livingstone, through the establishment of the Scottish Missions, through the resistance to Portuguese and Arab ambitions, through the struggle against the ...
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Page Count: 242
Publication Year: 2013