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Malawi and Scotland Together in the Talking Place Since 1859

Kenneth R. Ross

Publication Year: 2013

This pioneering and fascinating book is the first to tell the story of the remarkably enduring bonds between Malawi and Scotland from the time of David Livingstone to the flourishing cultural, economic and religious relationships of the present day. Why should there be any significant relationship between one small nation on Europeís north-western seaboard and another in the interior of Africa? How did it reach the stage where in 2012 Fiona Hyslop, Cabinet Secretary for Culture and External Affairs in the Scottish Government, could describe Malawi as Scotlandís ìsister nationî? This book attempts an answer.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-6

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pp. 6-7

The knowledge on which this book is based has been formed primarily through conversations with friends over the many years since I first arrived in Malawi in 1988. First and foremost, I acknowledge my debt to my colleagues at the University of Malawi and in the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian who have immeasurably expanded my understanding ...


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pp. 7-8

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1. Introduction: Two Nations in Conversation

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pp. 9-11

Amidst the conflicts, wars, tensions and tumults of the early 21th century, one inter-national relationship which could easily be overlooked is the one between Malawi and Scotland. Why should there be any significant relationship between one small nation on Europe’s north-western seaboard and another in the interior of Africa? ...

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2. First Encounters: Livingstone and Friends in Malawi

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pp. 12-30

The crowd at Kamuzu Stadium, Malawi’s national football ground in Blantyre, on 11 April 2009 was bedecked in blue cloth bearing a portrait of David Livingstone and the words “gospel, peace, freedom and fair trade”. Malawians had come in their thousands to mark the 150th anniversary of the arrival of David Livingstone in their country. ...

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3. Scots in Malawi: the Early Days

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pp. 31-51

The idea of a Scottish mission to Malawi had been canvassed during Livingstone’s lifetime by James Stewart who had accompanied the celebrated explorer on some of his Central African journeys and who was inspired to champion the idea of establishing an industrial mission there. ...

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4. Encounter and Transformation

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pp. 52-72

By the time the British Protectorate was established in 1891, it was clear that the initial contact made by Livingstone and his friends thirty years earlier had been consolidated. Even by the 1880s it was clear, as James McCarthy remarks, that “there never was a region of Africa more replete with Scots whether missionaries, administrators, traders, or engineers, ...

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5. War and Peace

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pp. 73-93

The period which stretched from the establishment of the British Protectorate in 1891 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 saw increasing opportunity for Malawians and Scots to encounter one another, albeit within the constraints of a colonial age. ...

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6. Colonialism and Resistance

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pp. 94-114

The Chilembwe Rising exposed a deep ambivalence in the Scottish involvement in Malawi, personified by Alexander Livingstone Bruce on the one hand and Alexander Hetherwick on the other. There can be no doubt that, of the two, Hetherwick was much closer to upholding the understanding of African dignity and destiny which David Livingstone had championed ...

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7. Deepening Friendship

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pp. 115-135

Notwithstanding the fact that Scottish missionaries were, to no small degree, implicated in colonial rule and therefore legitimate targets for its critics within African communities, even in this antagonistic environment there were factors which made for the cultivation of mutual respect and friendship. ...

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8. Together Against Federation

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pp. 136-155

A significant milestone was passed in the early 1950s with the deaths of the last Malawians who had a personal memory of David Livingstone’s arrival in Malawi. Cullen Young took note of this development in an article entitled “End of an Era in Livingstonia: Death of Two Men Who Remembered Livingstone”.1 ...

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9. Achieving Independence

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pp. 156-177

After the failure of its initial programme of civil disobedience, the Nyasaland African Congress concentrated its efforts on the Nyasaland Legislative Council where some of its articulate young leaders, like Masauko Chipembere and Kanyama Chiume, demanded Malawi’s withdrawal from the Federation. ...

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10. One-Party Rule and the Struggle for Democracy

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pp. 178-196

Malawi’s first Cabinet comprised nine Malawians and one Scot - Colin Cameron, the Minister of Works. Of the Malawians, five had been educated at Livingstonia Mission schools: Hastings Kamuzu Banda, Prime Minister; Dunduzu Chisiza, Parliamentary Secretary, Finance; ...

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11. Malawian Democracy, Scottish Devolution and Partnership Renewed

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pp. 197-217

The decades which followed Malawi’s independence in 1964 saw a continuation of the special connection with Scotland but it would not be unfair to conclude that it had moved into a lower key. It became apparent around the time of the Millennium, however, that something was stirring in Scotland Malawi relations. ...

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12. Conclusion: The Conversation Continues

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pp. 218-222

Malawi’s first President, Kamuzu Banda, used to say to visiting Scottish Moderators: “Had there been no Church of Scotland there would have been no Malawi.”1 From the arrival of David Livingstone, through the establishment of the Scottish Missions, through the resistance to Portuguese and Arab ambitions, ...


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pp. 223-231


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pp. 232-240

Back cover

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p. 244-244

E-ISBN-13: 9789990800333
Print-ISBN-13: 9789996027079

Page Count: 242
Publication Year: 2013